Rus Articles Journal

Hangyl: in what the principle of the simplest system of the letter?

its simplicity consist that from twenty four nowadays used letters (initially in the alphabet there were 28 letters, but subsequently 4 of them became outdated and went out of use) five the main concordants on a tracing remind the provision of organs of speech which participate in formation of these sounds. Add a hyphen for designation of other related concordants to these letters - those at which pronunciation organs of speech are approximately in the same situation. Also the situation with vowels is, language is involved in their pronunciation, and depending on its situation (in forward, middle or back part of a mouth) letters are designated. One more undoubted plus hangylya that to each sign or a combination of signs there corresponds a certain sound. For this reason children, having reached school age, usually already perfectly are able to read.

At the seeming complexity this alphabet is really very simple, it is worth penetrating into an essence only. In my opinion, any other alphabet is much more difficult, we learn letters which bear in themselves only a symbol which we have to learn visually. In the hangyl there is always an opportunity to use hint having paid attention to an arrangement of organs of speech.

from the moment of the invention hangylya passed more than four centuries before the Korean authorities allowed to use it in official documents

Hangyl - writing rather young it only five hundred years. And she is obliged by the invention to the king Sedzhon Veliky from the Korean dynasty of Li. How so, you ask, really the Korean writing is only 500 years old? Yes and no - I will answer. The matter is that on an extent more than educated Koreans wrote thousands of years in the language, but by means of the Chinese hieroglyphs. Attempts to develop more perfect system of the letter, of course, were made, but as the Chinese hieroglyphs remained a basis always, to learn write not everyone could.

It is necessary to tell that in the 15th century only the few people were competent, and generally it were men yanbana belonging to an aristocratic layer of the Korean society. Women and children had no opportunity to study hieroglyphs. Seeing such situation, the wise monarch Sedzhon ordered to develop available system of the letter which could transfer the Korean speech, and it would be easy to be mastered. And by 1446 such system was ready. In the preface to an edikt about introduction of the Korean alphabet Sedzhon Veliky wrote: Being alien for our language, the Chinese hieroglyphs are not able to transfer precisely various shades of values of the Korean words. Therefore quite often simple people cannot express the thoughts and feelings. Movable by care of them, I created the alphabet from 28 letters. It is very easy to remember them, and I from the heart hope that this alphabet all will facilitate life .

And the alphabet really facilitated life that who was not able to write. But here at what strange - it was mocked by the upper class of the Korean society and it is given a hostile reception by it from - for the fact that it was too simple. The alphabet with irony was called amgyl (female alphabet), onmun (national letter). But in spite of the fact that prior to the beginning of the XX century hangyl it was not used in literature, by means of it in Korea illiteracy was almost liquidated. The system of the letter hangyl once again proved truth that all ingenious is simple.