Stanislav Ezhi Lets: how, despite difficult destiny to remain the great mocker? In the Evening on March 5, 1909, 100 years ago, in Lviv, the spouse of the baron has
Benona de Tush - Letts - Adele - childbirth began. They were the first, and therefore lasted for several hours. The child was born about midnight. He was called Stanislav Ezhi.
Happiness of his parents lasted long not so. When the kid was four years old, his father suddenly died. And several months later World War I burst. Adele decided that in Lviv it will be unsafe and moved with the son to the capital of Avstro - the Hungarian empire - Vienna where at it there lived relatives. Exactly here Stanislav went to school. But as soon as war ended, Letsa returned to Lviv …
Lev`s City created in Lets the freedom-loving personality
This city in which were organically weaved several cultures at once: Ukrainian, Polish, Austrian, Jewish, Armenian - made indelible impression on the teenager. In those days the city was called “ professorial “ in it the scientific thought pulsed, ideas were born. Also it does not become casual after leaving school Lets by the student of university of Jan Casimir. There were lectures in the afternoon, and in the evenings the most progressive youth gathered. Drank beer (one of the best in Europe), read verses.
Under the influence of fellow students began to compose verses and Stanislav. And in 1929 20 - the summer poet for the first time published the poem in one of the most popular newspapers. As he explained the step: this “ courier “ wrote out in the house, and therefore he wanted to become a poet, first of all, in the opinion of the family.
It managed it, and the baroness did not begin to object against in her house, at the son, passed various poetic “ evenings “. At one of meetings it was also decided to issue own magazine. The beginning 30 - x was marked years by a big economic crisis which did not pass also Poland. The youth considered that the government of Poland is guilty of everything, and at any case to officials got “ on nuts “. Especially the owner - Stanislav Lets was zealous. By the way, from Yiddish “ Lets “ it is translated as “ clown “ or on - Polish “ mocker “. The young poet directed all force of the talent to deriding clumsy actions of bureaucrats from the power, and it is no wonder that in the first issue of the magazine in Lets`s poem were “ are dirtied “ several lines, and the second release it was arrested by police. Frashki`s
in Poland love everything?
Already then Stanislav makes the decision to move to Warsaw, and at the same time and, whenever possible, to be engaged “ frashka “ - very short, quite often two-lower case epigrams which enjoyed wide popularity in the shlyakhetsky environment, starting with Jan Kokhanovsky who created in the second half of the 16th century. And all four centuries they, were figuratively speaking handed down.
At Lets they turned out not less venomous and did not remain unnoticed, not without reason the classic of the Polish literature Yulian Tuvim, making the anthology “ Four centuries of the Polish frashka “ included in it three works of the young poet at once. Though to be fair it is necessary to tell that the basis of the first poetic volume of Lets was made nevertheless by poems and verses sharp socially - a political orientation.
That it was clear what is a frashka, I want to present several couplets of Stanislav. I want to warn: they are written at different times, but I specially did not begin to date once again to emphasize - wise thoughts have no limitation period. They are ideally suited by any time...
COLLISION of the PRINCIPLES
B what torments essence?
- to Leave or pull together?
the UMBILICAL CORD
What is done immediately on death of a rank?
Cut a cable - an umbilical cord.
Hardly concerned it a look short -
A it labor pains.
N - Yes.
inspires Fear sometimes
I short: “ N - yes. “
In whom there is no compass,
Rush where you want all over the world!
the Engineer shovel saved life
But we will return to a far prewartime. In the summer of 1939 after residence in several cities of present Western Ukraine, and then Poland, Stanislav returned to native Lviv, and World War II exactly here found it. According to Molotov`s pact - Ribbentropa, Lviv, as well as all Western Ukraine, appeared under the influence of Moscow, and in the fall of 1939 it included the Soviet troops. Soviet “ occupation “ practically it was not reflected in Lviv residents, and here when nearly two years later the city was occupied by Hitlerites, “ freedom-loving and obstinate “ Lets right there appeared in the concentration camp near Ternopil.
Two more years of the poet later among other prisoners moved on execution. Lets was not going to be reconciled with it and organized escape directly from - under barrels of automatic machines. It was caught and decided to be shot for such impudence again. Esesovets led it on execution, but decided to humiliate even more. Threw an engineer shovel on the earth and ordered to dig to itself a grave.
He also did not suspect that Stanislav can show some resistance. But the poet pretended that he digs, and then sharply threw a shovel in the direction of the Hitlerite. Its bayonet struck the fascist on a carotid, the SS-man fell. And it is very successful for Lets - blood did not soil a uniform in which the prisoner fast changed clothes. And further in this form Stanislav managed to make the way to Warsaw where he became an underground worker.
Lets was an editor of two newspapers in Army Lyudova, then, when arrests began, he managed to escape fascists again and to make the way in the woods near Lublin. Here it also joined at first guerrillas, and then and regular army. Ended war in the major`s rank. And for the fighting and creative feats it was awarded by two awards.
There is no place like home
After war Stanislav settles in Lodz where he together with friends revives issue of the " magazine; Hairpins “. But the next year, in 1946 - m, he persuades the Minister of Culture to send it to Vienna as the attache concerning culture of political mission of the Polish Republic. New appointment to the city of youth awakens a new creative rush. At this time he creates a number of works which willingly print in Poland.
But to Lets it is not sat in place. With huge work he tries to obtain permission to emigrate to Israel. The authorities breathe sigh of relief. But Stanislav comes to a conclusion that he to it is not as well anywhere, as in Poland soon. With even big work he manages to return home. It happened in 1952, and till 1956 until the pro-Stalin government was succeeded by more democratic, Lets felt, as in prison.
Oh these Eskimos...
But on a wave of revival of democracy when Poland turned into the most cheerful “ barrack of socialist camp “ Lets also became, in fact, the ideological inspirer Polish “ reorganizations “. At it also frashka, and just aphorisms one by one were born. Its book “ Not brushed thoughts “ in something it is similar in the influence on such works of the Soviet literature as “ Twelve chairs “ “ Gold calf “ “ Master and Margarita “. It is possible to tell, probably, safely that on Lets`s works the big group of the Polish writers grew. It is enough to remember to Ioann Hmelevskuyu with her ironical detectives … Lets managed to let out
and the second volume “ Not brushed thoughts “ but the sores received during stay in a concentration camp later in the years of underground work, knocked down health of the poet.
After a long, incurable illness Stanislav Ezhi Lets died on May 7, 1966 in Warsaw. It is buried on a military cemetery of Povonzki.
And I want to remember it a favourite aphorism: “ Always there will be Eskimos who will advise inhabitants of the equatorial Africa how to behave during the most terrible heat “.
You watch a peculiar alphabet from Stanislav Ezhi Lets`s aphorisms here.