When there were sharomyzhnik, riff-raff, worthless things … and " cake; Napoleon “? Slightly earlier, than cafe - a bistro of
Patriotic war of 1812 besides glory of domestic troops and unprecedented patriotism of the people enriched in something “ great and mighty “ as well as international language. Well, for example …
of the Bistro
we will not follow chronology and we will begin with the most known fact. Valorous Russian soldiers, having victoriously entered Paris, so to speak, with reciprocal visit of the Napoleonic army (which disgracefully left in due time occupied was Moscow), not too ceremoniously behaved at local restaurants, demanding by all means and loudly vodka with snack: “ Quickly! Quickly! “ and without troubling itself careful attitude to the being available furniture and stock.
Also there was an enterprising person who to avoid ruin of restaurant property, guessed to arrange a meeting to the Russian winners directly on an entrance and not just with bow, and with a tray on which it was already prepared “ to drink - to have a snack “. The Russian army came back home then, and the word got accustomed and put a basis to the new direction of restaurant business - a bistro.
They say that legendary Denis Davydov told not less glorified field marshal M. I. Kutuzov about the etymological innovations got by peasants. Having had heard plenty of plaintive addresses of the French fighters starving during retreat: “ Cher ami … cher ami “ they thought up for them the generalizing ironic name - a sharomyg (sheromyg) and a sharomyzhnik as laconic definition of the beggar.
And at Century. Dahl we read that the word designates it a rod and the cheat, to an obiral, an opletala, the deceiver trading at the expense of others … However, it is considered that this concept arose from association of courtois French cher ami that in translation - dear friend, with the Russian words “ to rummage and “ to mykat “.
on the other hand, the Russian noticed the people that torn off and hungry “ conquerors of the world “ do not shun food from the draft force, and a horse in French - cheval. Also was distressed lyud: “ The Fallen horse-flesh is eaten, sinners! “.
As a result as the word - an antipode to a noble prozvanye “ chevalier “ (meaning, as we know, the rider, the knight) it was invented contemptuous worthless things which sense nails the unusable, insignificant person, crowd, a rag, and at the same time and unusable things, rubbish (according to Ushakov).
There is, however, also less amusing version about primordially Russian origin of the word worthless things, but as it to me is unclear, will not risk to retell. Riff-raff
This word we are obliged by
to that Russians that was taken to themselves on service of the French captivated during campaigns of Patriotic war of 1812. When those, having become tutors, teachers and heads of serf theaters, selected, for example, singers in landowner chorus, having listened to the unpromising candidate, waved a hand and rendered a verdict: “ Chantra pas “ i.e. only for singing it is not suitable.
Expression became ordinary, and feebleness to a vocal became gradually the characteristic of just worthless person, and then and moreover - empty, unreliable, the easy rider, the rascal … Generally, became collective for villains and any crowd.
And yes here " cake; Napoleon “?
Yes, it is valid, a question reasonable. According to one version, they it is thought up by the Moscow confectioners in anticipation of celebration of century of a victory in Patriotic war of 1812. But there are also others. For example, saying that “ Napoleon “ to Bonaparte and war has absolutely no relation, and it is connected with the nice city of Naples. But I like the legend with the French roots more.
And here it is time to call that prompt businessman that became the founder of cafe - a bistro. Oh, it is a figure which, certainly, deserves the separate story! Nikola Francois Apper, the French cook and the confectioner, the holder of a network of fashionable Parisian restaurants, besides the supplier of the Royal Court and that is not less important, provisions for the French army.
Once the master of culinary art and the most talented businessman needed to support success of the certain enterprise connected with aggressive plans of the emperor, and it found for this purpose very clever move. Approximately at the same time, about which our story (unless several years earlier), it, and before pleasing Parisians with a reconstruction of ancient dishes on own harmony used the recipe of traditional " pie; Royal ship`s biscuit “. What is remarkable: on custom it needed to be bought by the Holiday of Kings. But as he made it!
In - the first, cut on pieces which and laid at each other. In - the second, interlaid with a custard, whipped cream and strawberry jam. And called the received variation not as - nibud, and “ Napoleon “. Whether it is necessary to say that success those pastries conceived deafening.
… Also well-known was remembered suddenly: “ When tell guns, muses are silent “. Also it was thought: “ Perhaps not all? “