What do we know about the last feat of the major Montrezor? The last blessing of the patriarch Alexy II of
This tragic story occurred at the beginning of the 19th century. But she about real heroes and to remember about her once again - sacred business. In 1804 the first burst russko - the Persian war which lasted nine years.
The Russian troops under leadership of the general Tsitsianov in May, 1804 moved to Erivan, and in July besieged fortress. At the request of Tsitsianov from Erivani besieged by the Russian troops towards to the transport from Tiflis which was ambushed Iosif Antonovich Montrezor`s group as a part of 114 people as it seemed, on the safest and short road was sent.
An exit of group was traced by the opponent - the enemy cavalry which on all transit tried to involve group in fight was after sent.
Montrezor and his soldiers successfully beat off and for two days overcame a way to 100 versts. In the morning on August 21, having bypassed Amamla (nowadays - Spitak), Montrezor entered the gorge of the river Pambak, making the way in life fire and a bayonet. It was their final journey.
Near the natural boundary Saral they were surrounded with six-thousandth army led by Persian Pir - Babble - the khan and rebellious Georgian tsarevitch Alexander.
Having with itself only a small marching gun and “ unicorn “ Montrezor`s group fought to the last. It was fight to the death. Fight which Persians remembered for a long time as an example of courage and self-sacrifice.
The chopped-up body of the major Montrezor stiffened on a down. Nearby the lieutenant Latygin, ensigns Chirets and Vereshchago and 94 more soldiers stood. Other, hard wounded, were captured. The terrifying fight picture.
The enemy left the field of battle in hope to intercept long-awaited transport with provisions and the weapon from Tiflis.
Learned about a feat and death of group from miracle of the escaped Armenian - the rebel who reached Amamlu, and from there it was delivered to Tsitsianov.
In world history the feat of group of Montrezor is equated to a feat of Spartans at Farmalinakh. It was widely publicized both in Armenian, and in Russians, and in the Georgian sources. In the famous novel of Khachatur Abovyan “ Wounds of Armenia “ Montrezor is mentioned in connection with the first campaign of Tsitsianov under the name of Karamayor that in translation is meant by the Black major.
In 1804 on the place of death of the Russian soldiers the first monument which staid till 1827 was built. On a plate the epitaph grieving the general - the lieutenant prince Tsitsianov was cut: “ The Traveller, stop and yours faithfully take off a hat. Do not pass indifferently by marble light burial which records a name of one hero which affairs will provide immortality of his memory “.
And on October 8 the specified year the obelisk was destroyed by an earthquake. But memory of heroes is not subject to oblivion: 1837 the new monument on which the deputy of the Caucasus count Vorontsov left a thanksgiving inscription was built. The monument in the form of a pyramid prosushchestvat till 1918, then was destroyed. Also it is restored only in 60 years to 150 - to the anniversary of accession of Armenia to Russia.
Shortly before it in the " newspaper; Lusardzak “ the address of the aged resident of the village Artagyukh Oganesa Oganesyan who tried to attract the public to a monument and urged to raise funds for restoration was published. The address conceived result: memorialno - the architectural complex and a monument were restored thanks to donations of residents of Spitak and nearby areas.
In December, 2008 the Moscow organizing committee “ Spitak memorial “ the prime minister created at the initiative of participants of rescue and recovery work after the Armenian earthquake on December 7, 1988 under the leadership of the first - the minister of the Russian Federation Ivan Stepanovich Silayev, prepared the comprehensive program dated to 20 - to the anniversary of the Armenian tragedy at the end of the XX century in which separate point designated construction of a memorial complex with 26500 trees symbolizing the number of the victims of an earthquake.
Near a geological fault construction of the museum, the monument symbolizing revival, hours with the indication of time of the beginning of an earthquake on which instead of arrows - two stone breaks from where the spring - too some kind of symbol of revival will beat is supposed. The Russian orthodox chapel will be erected on the square as envisioned by committee and 18 obelisks designating the number of the affected cities and regions of Armenia are established.
The project of a chapel belongs to the company of Oleg Ivanovich Lobov who is well remembered in a disaster zone. And, of course, It is necessary to tell about an orthodox cross which was made by efforts of the famous Russian scientist and patron from the city of Tver Edward Olegovich and Norayr Grigoryevich Muradyan.
But the most interesting that the project of an orthodox cross and chapel, having examined, was in writing blessed by the patriarch of Moscow and all Russia Alexy II... in two days prior to death.
The orthodox cross of 2,5 m in size of height and 1,5 m of width covered with gold leaf from Tver freely reached to Moscow, to the airport Vnukovo - 3, to the plane of the president of the Republic of Armenia. The cross, despite its special value, had no the uniform document. At the airport the chief of customs service reported to delegation that for all the time of its work any gram of gold did not cross the border without documents, and here such freight in 160 kg.
“ But there are situations when the employee is guided by belief in a shrine. Service to God happens only to the God`s help “ - he concluded. So the cross got to Armenia. On the same day from the building of the government of Armenia it was sent to Spitak and established on a tomb of the Russian major Montrezor and his group. Nearly 205 years later on this place for the first time established an orthodox cross. The prayer was read by the father Arseny and with tears in the eyes admitted: “ In the territory of Armenia the cross of such size and advantage is established for the first time! “
A few years ago the major reserve officer, the teacher of department of literature of VGPI S. G. Zakaryan brought up a question of assignment of a rank of the Hero of Russia (posthumously) to Iosif Antonovich Montrezor. And also suggested the highway Spitak-Vanadzor to call Montrezor Highway. “ The award, as we know, finds the hero even a century later! “ - he hoped. Really business went?