What is wood? Trees we love part 1
just like that. We love trees and is utilitarian. The tree was a basis of bases of a civilization throughout the millennia. Houses, furniture, house utensils, ware, transport (carts, carriages - on the earth, boats, the ships - in water), even footwear at times … - what beauty!
To a tree we want to come back in all possible and available types: in country houses, furniture, up to shkatulochek and ladies` accessories.
And the nature did not stint. Without concerning the questions of illegal deforestation flashing with sad frequency of the fires it is possible to tell much about wood. But mostly, even we do not know names of many breeds.
Though what grows in Europe is well familiar to us.
Birch Karelian . Here we it is aware - and as it is highly appreciated in every sense and as it is good. Population is limited and on luxury goods not everyone is able to fork up, but nevertheless native it to us.
A beech - too well-known to us a tree from Europe. “ Warm “ parquet floors, well-known “ Vienna “ furniture - at the same time it is not so expensive as an oak. Though, according to experts, it is quite whimsical.
Cherry (sweet cherry) - too the tree loved by us. Very well gives in to processing, not such firm, is perfectly used for production of bent furniture and also it is considered valuable breed.
The elm - always gave not just the chance to create a piece of furniture, but still do not do without it neither in shipbuilding, nor in hydraulic constructions, nor in the gymnastic equipment.
The hornbeam (the relative of hazelnut) - wood light and brilliant, is told, gives to parquet floors unique visual effect.
An oak with two hundred versions - “ Jack of all trades “ at the same time very respectable. Exclusively good construction and ornamental stuff what all of us know about. It is considered that the people choosing an oak - adherents of traditions.
But there is still an oak thin are those oaks which grew and 8000 years ago, and this wood found at an osushka of bogs where she pined without air access does not concede to iron. On fortress. At the price - it is difficult to imagine, however both is on sale, and it is bought. Very beautiful issinya - black color with silvery streaks (till 1000 staining) for fans of a dark parquet. Lighter pale-yellow shades speak about 400 - 500 “ lived “ years... In the history called it and “ ebony “ and “ iron tree “. By the way, cabinetmakers in Russia were called chernoderevshchik. For a long time and until now during the work with a thin oak neither varnishes, nor dyes are used.
In a word, as in that joke: “ To these gloves other " car is necessary;. And to such furniture the lock is necessary, probably.
Fir-tree ordinary, familiar and favourite. Both in construction, and in an interior, and in external finishing it is irreplaceable as well as in the wood. And with it together both a fir, and a pine .
It is highly appreciated on the qualities karagach (birch barks). Maples (white, sugar, ostrolisty), known as the high-quality material which does not have shortcomings. Linden and larch. An alder with beautiful texture and ability not to spoil at contact with water. Plastic, flexible, elastic, but at the same time firm (surpasses an oak) an ash-tree . All favourite apple-tree and pear .
It is difficult not to remember and “ mysterious “ an aspen , a tree on which, according to the legend, Judas hung himself. Since then it also shivers. Of it, mainly, the stake was done which was stuck into hearts of vampires. However in wooden Russian architecture traditionally covered with an aspen domes of churches, and now can use as roofing material at construction of houses.
The poisonous yew , rare and expensive is more known. In England it was specially grown up and did of it such necessary onions. A poplar from which make not the most decorative things, but plywood (and paper) will be in the sign in demand for a long time (it would be desirable to trust, especially, concerning the last).
But except these (acquaintances at least aurally), there is a huge great number of others, growing not in Europe of trees.
There are trees which meet on several continents at once. Or always so was, or specially grew up. Such is, for example, a cassia - she is Senna from family bean, but considered extremely refined in production of parquet material, figurines, caskets. A plane tree (plane trees ), living more 2000 and capable when processing to give effect of a snakeskin. In many places the chestnut real (edible), long ago recognized as remarkable material is well-known .
Separately the mighty and steady cedar acts , it is from Asia, but got accustomed in a decorative look and in Europe. Beautiful wood just for decoration, and once widely applied and in shipbuilding. And also very delicate individual perfume. The olive tree also pleased not only fruits, but also wood. As well as various nut.
wood, not only qualitative, but also exuding a pleasant smell Is: to gift (gar) - from Asia, also smells as a sandal-wood tree (the parquet, incrustations, hand-made articles are good). In South America use to Kumar (the known aromatic substance benzopyrone) - parquets, incrustations and lapacho (Yip) .
There is a wood which has “ animal “ color. Gongalo - a tiger tree from South America on color very reminding a tiger skin. Very well looks in the corresponding expensive interiors. But it is not worse also in small hand-made articles and incrustations. And in Australia the snake tree - laysvud grows - large heart-shaped beams on a silky background very much reminds a snakeskin.
A separate story about bamboo (grows everywhere in tropics), which, by the way, and not a tree at all. Cereal it plant. About furniture from a bamboo and food from it we are not bad informed.
About more rare trees and types of wood it is possible to read in the following article.