Rus Articles Journal

What during Baysaki`s holiday and as it is connected happy New Year?

In the Indian state of Punjab celebrate on April 13 one of the most favourite sikhsky holidays - Baysaki`s . For Sikhs who inhabit Punjab, it at the same time both a religious holiday, and a harvest holiday, and New Year`s day.

Sikhs is the Indian nationality professing Sikhism which initially and arose in the territory of Punjab in the 15th century. Sikhism - quite confused religion, is in it something both from Hinduism, and from Moslem. However in fact it is absolutely independent religion with the canons and rituals.

Baysaki in the first day of the first month Vaysakh Nanakshakhi of a solar calendar is marked out. In general this day celebrate New year not only Sikhs. This day marks the beginning and Hindu solar new year.

Hindus believe that several thousands years ago this day the goddess of Ganges went down on the earth therefore in Baysaki many of them gather at coast of the sacred Ganges River on ritual bathings.

The main actions concentrate in the holy sites along Ganges in the north of India, in Magalsky gardens of Sringar, in Tamil Nadu and in many Hindu temples. Hindus decorate the houses with flowers and hang out the flags decorated with an embroidery with religious plots and images of gods. Children put on garlands from multi-colored flowers and run on streets with good luck wishes in New year. In many places the holiday is followed by fireworks and various representations.

However for Baysaki`s Sikhs has special value. This day in 1699 the last tenth sikhsky guru (the governor and the mentor) Gobind Singh based to Hals - a brotherhood with idea of a world order, having eliminated distinctions between castes and having established equality of all people.

The main festivals are usually concentrated in gurudvara - temples of Sikhs. Besides Baysaki is marked out and in the field as peasants this day celebrate a harvest holiday.

This day Panjabis wake up early in the morning and with flowers in hands visit temples to take part in special religious events. Though most of Sikhs seeks to visit the most esteemed gurudvara, such as the Gold Temple or Anandpur Sakhib where it was proclaimed Hals, but those who are not able to go there visit local temples.

In day of Baysaki in each gurudvara solemnly take out the sacred book of Sikhs of the Guru Grant Sakhib, and religious leaders read all attendee the main postulates. After visit of the temple believers eat Kara Prasad - a special dish from sweet torment and oil.

Throughout the day on streets festive processions move. Hundreds and thousands of people take part in solemn processions, go with flags and flowers, sing religious songs and dance, drummers beat out marches, men swing swords, some of them go on beautifully decorated horses, all congratulate each other and wish good luck.

Panjabi farmers mark out Baysaki a little differently. This day they dress up in new clothes, prepare national dishes, arrange populous fairs and concerts and wish each other a Happy New Year. In the field this day many people gather and the national dances of a bkhangr and gidkh devoted to a harvest holiday are carried out. These surprising dances reflect all history of agricultural process, beginning from a plowed land and crops and finishing with harvesting.

Dance of a bkhangr is executed by men who dress up in color turbans, white shirts, bright vests and similarity of skirts. They make absolutely inconceivable movements under sounds of national drums of a dkhol. Dance of a gidkh is executed by women. They put on colourful dresses and a set of the brilliant jewelry publishing a melodious ring at each movement.

Celebrations continue till late evening. Panjabis will remember Baysaki bringing joy and fun for a long time and with impatience to expect the next New year.