What to look in India at? The red fort of
the Red fort, or Lal Kyla, is one of the greatest and well-known monuments to India. There is it in the capital of Delhi on the river bank Yamuna. Constructed of a red stone, it strikes with the beauty, greatness and inaccessibility.
The fort is obliged by the emergence great Shah to Jahan who constructed also well-known Taj Mahal. Construction began on April 16, 1639 and was finished exactly in 9 years on April 16, 1648. Shah Jahan decided to transfer the state capital from Agra to Delhi, and Red fort became his residence in the new capital.
Lal Kyla it is located from East side of Shakhdzhakhanabad, and the name Lal Kyla comes from a huge wall which surrounds fortress. Certainly, it is the main sight of a fort. Length of a wall makes about 2,5 km, and height fluctuates from 16 meters towards the river to 33 meters towards the city.
The wall has two exits - Delhi gate and Lahore gate. L akhorsky gate are a main entrance in a fort and conduct to Chatt`s market - Chouk where dealers sold the goods to the local nobility. The market exists to this day, and now there too it is possible to buy goods for every taste.
On the Chat - Chouk is located one of the largest Jain temples Digambar Dzhaypri . At the temple there is a unique institution - “ bird`s hospital “ where treat the crippled birds. Upon termination of a course of treatment on Sundays they are released, and birds who remained cripples, and live in hospital all life. However the great number of birds - the former patients who do not want to leave such hospitable place where they will feed constantly gathers on a temple roof, will treat and will caress.
On Chatt - Chouk settles down also the sikhsky temple of Cis Gandzh which is the second for the importance after the Gold temple and the most important in Delhi. One of sikhsky gurus Tegkh Bakhadur who was executed for the fact that he refused to accept Islam was killed on the spot of this temple. What is interesting, near a sikhsky guradvara there is also a Muslim mosque Fatekhpuoi which is the second for value in Delhi.
Near the market the house of drums of Nakkar Khan is located where in times musicians daily played the Shah Jahan on special drums. Now this place is used as the museum.
About a main entrance in a fort the stone eminence the Sofa - and - Am , or the Hall of the general audiences is located. Gracefully decorated gilded fencing crowns him. Shah Jahan sat next on a high throne, but is a little lower, on marble benches royal princes and viziers accommodated, and other court and the nobility were built on the Sofa - and - to Ama depending on their ranks and hierarchy.
Behind a throne imperial rooms which consisted of a number of tents between which Nekhr - And - Bershit (A paradise stream) proceeded settled down. In North - East side of a fort there is a water tower Shah Burdzh by means of which water from the Yamuna River came to a fort, it filled Nekhr - And - Bershit.
Near the Sofa - And - Amom is constructed by the Rank - Waved (The multi-colored palace), decorated with a set of multi-colored jewelry in the form of fine flower ornaments. On one wall five carved windows from where princesses could watch fights of elephants are located. In the Rank center - Waved there is a pool with a lotus from white marble in the center decorated with the sparkling semi-precious stones executed in the form of flowers and leaves.
The best hall in the Red fort is the Sofa - And - Khas (The hall of private audiences) which was used for judicial proceedings and various court actions. The sofa - And - Khas from three parties is surrounded with open arches. Once it had a silver ceiling which is supported by 32 columns decorated with a fine carving and inlaid with semi-precious stones.
In those days here stood well-known “ Peacock throne “ , made of pure gold and decorated with uncountable diamonds, emeralds, rubies and sapphires. In 1739 the Persian Nadir Shah took away it to Iran, and now fragments of a throne can be seen in the museum of Tehran. Once this throne decorated also the known huge diamond Koch - And - Holes which flaunts in a crown of the English queen now.
Annually Red fort is visited by thousands of visitors and here really is what to look at. The surprising architecture of times of board of a dynasty of Great Moguls striking with the refinement and beauty, majestic temples of different religions, the museums of history of India where it is possible to see suits, photos, various objects of a mogolsky era help to plunge into the real India, such what it was seen by great Shah Jahan, creating unique fortress the Red fort hundreds years ago.