Who such magicians and what a story about them is interesting by?
the Mention of magicians force us to address history of the birth of Jesus Christ. However, in the Bible is told about these wanderers a little. Christmas was described by two evangelists Luka and Matfey. But Luka, at all, does not mention magicians words. And Matfey devotes them only 12 stanzas in which the information about travelers is very avaricious: the author does not specify their number, and does not even tell the names.
However, we learn that magicians arrived to Jerusalem from the East, conducted by the New star (a sign of the birth of the tsar). Wishing to receive the help, wanderers go to the palace of the Tyrant (the governor of Judea of 37 - 34 g to N e) Herod, seeing in the new tsar of the rival, decides to ruin it, for this purpose orders to magicians to bring the found Baby to the palace, allegedly in order that Herod could pay to future tsar respects. And wanderers, having received the order of the governor of Judea, went to a further way.
Magicians met Christ in the place over which the New star stopped. They brought to the Baby gifts: gold, incense and Smyrna. Having received caution in a dream, magicians did not begin to come back to Herod.
Here such history is informed us by Matfey. However, as it becomes clear, it not the only mention in the Bible of magicians. Still in “ Old Testament “ it is possible to find a prophecy on their emergence. So in Isaiah (60:6) Prophecy it to be told to “ All of them will come from Sava, will bring gold and an incense, and will announce glory of the Lord “. And a psalm (71:10 - 11) “ Tsars of Farsia and islands will bring It a tribute; tsars of Arabia and Sava will bring gifts; and to worship It all tsars, all people will serve It “ . So images of magicians received imperial titles.
In general, magicians were well-known in the ancient world. They stood in the same row with magicians, priests, astrologers. Were, most likely, members of a priestly caste, allegedly, of Zoroastrianism - religions of Ancient Persia. After a gain Persia of Babylon (6 in BC) their religions mixed up, and the worship for magicians was replaced with mistrust: the people leveled them to swindlers and charlatans. In “ Acts of apostles “ (8:9 - 24) the magician Simon who tries to buy from Saint Peter gift " is mentioned; the Spirit Saint allowing to give to people, assigning to them hands “ , that is Charisma.
In 8 in AD three magicians except a regal dignity got both names, and lands. Bitkhisarey (Balthasar or Valtasar) became the tsar of Arabia; Melikhior (Cupronickel) - Persia; Gatkhaspa (Gaspar or Caspar) - India.
Christian historians of the Middle Ages tell a legend of a meeting of magicians. In the Turkish city of Shev, later more than half a century from their first meeting, magicians were going to bow to Christ last time, being at that time the deepest aged men (more than 150 years).
Further history narrates only about three bodies which were transferred from Shevy to Milan, and from there in the 12th century are stolen by Friedrich Barbarossa, and postponed and Cologne. So magicians received a name of the Cologne tsars. Their estimated remains and are stored in the Cathedral.
However, in Marco Polo (1254 - 1324) records there are also descriptions of burials of bible magicians. So being in Savva (the city located to Hugo - I will sink down from Tehran) the traveler saw three separate decorated tombs in which bodies were not touched by decomposition “ absolutely whole with hair and beards “. At the time of Marco Polo in Save still there was a set of legends of three wanderers, one of whom says that each of tsars, seeing the Baby, found in Jesus striking similarity with himself.
Here so the plot of 12 stanzas of the Bible scattered on a set of the stories supplementing or disproving each other. And subject “ Adoration of the magi “ became motive for creativity of masters of the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and the subsequent eras.