Whether you know everything about a ficus? Which - that interesting about old familiar
the Ficus - one of the most popular and favourite houseplants. The sign Ficus all well rubber-bearing (Ficus elastica) - the recognized favourite and “ head of " family;. It has a harmonous treelike stalk with the dense large glossy leaves painted in darkly - green color. The ficus always attracts a look the grace and beauty where from would not be though in the center of the hall though in a corner at a window.
Actually the sort of ficuses differs in a big variety, contains about one thousand species of trees, bushes and lianas, many of which possess unusual properties. The homeland of ficuses are the subtropical woods of Africa, Asia, America and Australia.
Vital forms of ficuses in the natureMany ficuses in the nature begin with
the life as epiphytes, that is grow on branches and trunks of other trees where birds and animals bring their seeds. In process of growth and development the ficus braids with the roots a tree - the owner, eating his juice. Over time the tree on which the ficus got accustomed perishes. Such ficus is called the suppressor. Ficuses - suppressors cause a big loss to valuable grades of other trees, people should destroy trees - suppressors to rescue others.
One more unusual type of a ficus is the Ficus Bengalese (Ficus benghalensis) or banyan. Formation of a banyan begins with education on large horizontal branches of an adult tree of air roots which go down on the earth and take roots. The new young trees connected with the basic air roots are formed of them. So the whole grove can be formed of one tree. It is difficult to believe that the whole wood of powerful trunks most often is one tree, which age more than 200 years! The ficus - banyan is included in the Guinness Book of Records as the only tree in the world which is capable to expand to the wood sizes.
“ Bottle “ the ficus accumulates water and nutrients in a tree trunk and safely transfers even the longest drought. The Ficus Palmyra (Ficus palmeri) belongs to such ficuses , which begins life as an epiphyte on a cactus, braiding it with roots. The thickening forms in the bottom of a trunk where liquid reserves, from here and the name " collect; bottle tree “.
The root system of some types of ficuses so strong that sprouting in cracks of rocks and rocks, can lead to their split and destruction. Here such interesting vital forms exist at ficuses to survive in various conditions of environment.
In the nature ficuses - trees reach the huge sizes to 50 meters in height, and leaves to meter in length. All ficuses contain lacteal juice which is emitted from any part of a plant at its damage. There are types of ficuses, for example all the known Ficus rubber-bearing (Ficus elastica), which lacteal juice contains rubber. Before the way of synthetic receiving rubber and rubber was open, in industrial production used ficuses for receiving these materials.
Leaves of ficuses are quite varied in form and I blossom, depending on a look and the place of growth. Inflorescences of plants usually take for fruits. They are located in bosoms of leaves or on a trunk and have spherical shape. Those which edible call figs.
Room types of ficuses
Edible figs has the Ficus of Carrick (Ficus carica) called also by a fig, a fig, a fig or a fig. The main name happened from the area in Asia Minor - Carrick where it is most widespread. In the nature a fig - a small listopadny tree or the bush reaching in height of 10 - 12 meters. Has the short, thick trunk and lopasty leaves which are bearing a faint resemblance to maple leaves. If to rub a leaf a hand, then it is possible to catch delicate and pleasant aroma which from it proceeds. Figs of a fig have is flattened - a spherical or pear-shaped shape. On taste of a fig sweet and juicy, the truth in house conditions it is difficult to achieve from a ficus of big fertility.
Not all ficuses have the huge sizes. Among them there are also babies. It is about Ficus dwarfish (Ficus pumila) which received the name from - for the small size of leaves. Leaves rough, wrinkled in a form remind a heart. This type of a ficus - an evergreen liana with the long curling escapes. Well looks in suspended cache-pots and baskets. But It should be noted that ampelous forms of a plant more difficult houses in cultivation. They are very exacting to humidity of air and moistening of the soil. It is good to grow up a dwarfish ficus in house conditions in an aquarium - looks very beautifully and effectively, and the need of a plant for the increased humidity of air is also provided. it is possible to Tell
of the Condition of keeping to
about variety of forms and types of ficuses infinitely, but let`s stop in more detail on conditions of keeping of these plants on the example of Ficus of Carrick (Ficus carica) (fig).
It is important to know that the ficus does not love change of places therefore it is better to decide on its location indoors at once. The place light with shading from direct sunshine will approach. In the summer the plant can be taken out on open air, and it is possible and to leave on the place if it is already big flower and it is not possible to get moving forward.
At a lack of light growth of a plant is slowed down and fall down leaves. Overcooling of the soil in a winter season can be other cause of subsidence of leaves. It can occur if the flower costs on a cold window sill.
Optimum temperature indoors during growth - 25 degrees. Watering plentiful - warm otstoyanny water. It is also useful to spray periodically leaves and to arrange a warm shower. It is good prevention from appearance of wreckers on a ficus. The most widespread - web pincers, shchitovka and mealy cherveets.
In the oseena - winter time comes a dormant period during which growth and development of a plant therefore it is necessary to change conditions of keeping - to reduce air temperature to the room to 18 degrees is slowed down and to reduce watering. During this period of time the fig partially or completely can dump leaves as is a listopadny plant.
It is better to use the earth for landing of a young plant in such structure: the sheet earth, peat, sand - everything to mix in equal proportions. For an adult ficus it is good to add the turf and humus to mix. Every two weeks in the spring and is recommended to introduce complex fertilizers in the summer.
In room conditions the fig reaches two-meter height. Begins to fructify at the correct leaving for the second year after landing if the tree is grown up from a shank and on the fourth - the fifth year - if from seeds.
Several words about reproduction of a ficus. After trimming the shank of a plant needs to be washed out in very warm water to wash away lacteal juice, otherwise it will dry up and will prevent formation of roots. It is recommended to place shanks in the dark capacity and warm water for faster rooting. Also the fig can be made multiple copies seeds, air layers and root offsprings.
Unique properties of a ficus
in conclusion would be desirable to note unique properties of a ficus as air purifier. It very actively absorbs substances, poisonous for the person, - benzene, phenol, trichlorethylene and turns them by means of special enzymes into amino acids and sugar. And still, in the people there is a belief that if in a family there are no children, then it is necessary to grow up a ficus and they will appear. It is possible to trust, it is possible not to trust, and it is possible and to check.