Going into hysterics a clarinet.
the Clarinet - the wind wooden instrument. There are products from ebonite, but it breaks quality of sounding.
the Family tree of a clarinet begins in Egypt, about 2700 AD. It was two-channel, odnotrostevy the musical instrument, under the name: “ memt “. After long transformations in the 17th century the musical instrument " appears; shalyumo “ reminding a modern clarinet, but with a range of one and a half octave. It in Western Europe from where there is a name “ klarino “ that is clarinet.
B 1690, Yogann Hristoff Denner and his son improve a clarinet, adding openings and valves.
Composers Gluck and Tieliemang introduce it in an orchestra and write solo fragments. Since 1770 - L. W. Beethoven enters a small clarinet into early symphonies. The clarinetist from Vienna - Josef Fridlowski performs solo parts in 9 symphonies of Beethoven. W. A. Mozart writes concerto for a clarinet “ And “ or “ la “ with an orchestra in the first execution of Anton Stadler.
B 1740 Stamitz, Handel, Vivaldi, compose large solo works for a clarinet.
Since 1784, Karl Maria von Weber makes an ogromgy contribution to clarinet history, having written fine works for solo ispolneniya:kontsertino, the Big concert duet and 2 concerts, Variations and solo in the musical cloths which are brilliantly executed by Heinrich Berman.
Ivan Muller can apply for the father modern klarneta:v 1806, Muller will emigrate from Russia to Paris and with local masters will improve a clarinet. With 13 valves and a new cut of openings - it eliminated difficulties of game and gave beauty of sounding, but only in 1815 Paris received this gift of Muller. The German system of Oscar Okhler is based on Muller`s project and has 22 valves with five kolets.
Cooperation to Klose and Buffa finishes a reorganization of a klarneta:ona apply Byom`s system and make a clarinet with 17 valves and 6 rings that facilitates technical capabilities. The patent is approved in 1844 and is used till this day.
Should mention history of the Russian school of game on this remarkable tool. Everything began with construction in St. Petersburg of conservatory of 1862. From this point also the vocational school of playing a clarinet, is formed by the invitation of the soloist of an orchestra of the Italian opera Ernest Cavallini. Its place in 1868 was adequately taken by Karl Khristianovich Nidman. The great orchestral musician who trained excellent musicians, such as Sergey Antonov and Dmitry Alexandrov who went kokurs to the Maryinsky Theater. For merits, Nidman was awarded by the Order of Saint Stanislaus 2 - y degrees.
After Nidman`s death, in 1901 was invited to a position of professor of the St. Petersburg conservatory the soloist of an orkest of the Maryinsky Theater Wilhelm Fridrikhovich Brekker. The great performer possessing a beautiful timbre of sounding and masterly equipment, a free agogics it brought a huge contribution to history of a clarinet and performance, having let out brilliant isponitely playing a clarinet. Among this galaxy there are outstanding figures, such as A. V. Berezin, M. P. Vantroba, V. I. Gensler.
After Brekker`s death, a class of a clarinet was headed by his pupil Anatoly Vasilyevich Berezin, the first domestic teacher of a clarinet, a svyazuyeshchy link rossiysko - the Soviet culture. His pupils become winners at the All-Union competition of performing musicians. Berezina Vladimir Ivanovich Gensler, a peculiar phenomenon in music world succeeds. Possessing masterly data and thin feeling of understanding of the nature of music which top of skill was an execution of solo fragments 2 - y Rachmaninov, P. I. Tchaikovsky`s symphonies.
the Pupil Vantroby, Vladimir Krasavin is included into that number fine ispolniteoy and teachers that it is necessary to mention this talented musician - the clarinetist. Having got the Stalin grant, Krasavin showed skill and diligence of an obecheniye. Cooperated almost with all famous conductors. Also Krasavin`s authority in the field of pedagogics is high.
the Outstanding representative of the Soviet performing school of playing a clarinet in Leningrad - is Pavel Nikolaevich Sukhanov, professor`s successor Berezina. Prost in communication also belongs to teachers of the best traditions of a srvershenstvovaniye of methods of training and boundless love to pupils.
V. I. Gensler`s Successor is Valery Pavlovich Bezruchenko, the honored artist and professor of Peteburgsky conservatory. The winner of the first awards International and All-Union competitions, the teacher of the best traditions of heritage of the Leningrad school, V. P. Bezruchenko it is possible the games having the right to consider as one of the playing teachers on a clarinet.
Arises a question why emphasis on the Leningrad school. The answer is simple because the author of article is a graduate of the Leningrad conservatory on a class a clarinet at V. P. Bezruchenko, and, above all that the correct classical beginning was put in St. Petersburg though moskovskvya the school is not less professional in my opinion and in all respects the Russian schools.
Here and all short history of a clarinet. If it fills up an outlook - I will be glad.