Rus Articles Journal

Whether Alexander Pushkin had an illegitimate daughter?

in the Fall of 1823 the Odessa hotel left the swarty young man. The day before he received ball invitation which the governor`s wife and therefore very much hurried organized. Strangely enough, but street passersby recognized him, and very young young ladies looked back and, giggling, whispered: Pushkin all right!

Alexander lived two months in Odessa. It served in office of the governor of the Novorossiysk region - the count Mikhail Vorontsov, but the service interested the poet a little. Young Pushkin looked for sharp impressions and steeped in the sea of vital pleasures.

Odessa of that time was the real European city. There was the Italian opera, a set of fashionable restaurants and shops, a casino, here arrived on time the French newspapers and books.

Alexander with friends had a good time at balls and masquerades, played cards, drank wine and had no objection to flirt with the pretty young lady. Naturally, Vorontsov was delighted not with the subordinate - the idler. Pushkin`s behavior enraged him. Neither reprimands, nor threats affected the young man who thought only of poetry and women.

It is unlikely Alexander guessed that waits for him when approached the house of the governor. On a ball he got acquainted with his wife Elizabeth. The countess was more senior than Pushkin for 7 years, but it not a scarecrow of the poet. He did not look away the whole evening from it.

Having come back home, Pushkin thought to continue to write Eugene Onegin . But, having fallen into a reverie, began to draw something on fields of the manuscript. He drew Elisa!

Alexander became a frequenter in Vorontsov` house. He writes the countess love letters, devotes verses. At first Elisa avoided the young man in love. However the ardent feeling of Pushkin won her heart, and in February, 1824 she reciprocated to it.

Their novel lasted not for long. The wife of the governor had to be often in society. They should not have been seen together. Lovers seldom managed to stay alone - the count began to suspect something.

Soon between Pushkin and Vorontsova there was one more person. From Kiev the old friend of the poet - Alexander Rayevsky returned. It had to Elizabeth the three times removed nephew and also was in love with her. Rayevsky constantly watched the countess, was jealous her both of Pushkin, and of the count. He occurred to the friend in trust, was interested in its relations with Vorontsova, and meanwhile advised her to the husband how to get rid of the rival.

On May 22, 1824 Vorontsov ordered to Pushkin to go to the neighboring counties to collect data on losses which were put by a locust to local crops. Alexander was in despair: still nobody so humiliated it. Pushkin went to the baron Philip Vigel who was a good friend of the count, and began to beg to help him. That tried to talk to the count, but it only angered Vorontsov:

- If you want that we remained friends also further, - he answered, - nevermore remind me of this bastard.

And having thought, with irritation added:

- And also about his friend Rayevsky.

Pushkin returned to Odessa beside himself for rage, and decided to revenge the count. He wrote on him the caustic epigram:

The semi-milord, the semi-merchant,

the Semi-wise man, the semi-ignoramus,

the Semi-rascal, but is hope,

What will become full at last .

And then submitted the application on resignation. Alexander hoped to remain in Odessa and to live independently. However the epigram about which already told all city reached Vorontsov. From now on the door of his house was closed for Pushkin.

On June 14 Elisa with the husband and friends went to have a rest to the Crimea. Pushkin was not invited, and in a week he learned that the count ordered to arrest him and to send urgently to parents.

Alexander became puzzled. Wanted to run to Turkey, then to be shot. But nevertheless obeyed to destiny and went to Mikhaylovskoye.

Pushkin long could not forget to Vorontsov. They corresponded. Alexander devoted it verses: Mascot The Burnt letter Angel ... Unfortunately, any of their letters did not reach us. Pushkin, not to compromise darling, burned everything that she wrote.

It carefully stored its gifts, especially a ring - a mascot which Elisa presented it at parting. It was the gold twisted signet with an octagonal cornelian with the engraved inscription in Hebrew language: Simkh, the son of respectable Rabi of Iosif and his memory " is blessed;.

Where the sea splashes

On desert rocks,

eternally Where the moon shines with

In sweet hour of an evening haze,

more warmly Where, in harems enjoying,

Days the magician will see off Muslims,

There, caressing,

handed Me a mascot.

These lines were written three years later after a meeting with Vorontsova. Pushkin did not leave a mascot to the death. A ring with a signet sealed up personal letters and archives. The poet believed that the ring stores its poetic gift.

In October, 1824 Alexander received one more letter from Elisa. What wrote Vorontsov about - it is unknown, but its message strongly shook Alexander. He grabbed a feather and wrote several lines on a leaf:

Farewell, the child of my love

Ya I will not tell you the reason...

Obviously, Vorontsov told him that expects a baby. On April 3, 1825 she gave birth to the girl. The swarty brunette Sonechka was strikingly not similar to all fair-haired count children. Apparently, Vorontsov strongly suspected that it is not his daughter. In any case, in the notes of the count addressed to his sister - lady Pembrok living in London he did not mention her birth. Though earlier and then he strictly reported to her about addition of its family. The first mention of Sofyyushka appears in these notes only when the girl already grew up, and it together with the brother was defined in one of prestigious schools of Great Britain.

Existence of the illegitimate child the long time remained a secret family of Pushkin. Knew about it also Alexander`s wife - Natalya Goncharova. Has to be, before a wedding he told it about everything. Nevertheless, one event forced Pushkin to doubt the paternity.

When the poet left Odessa, Elisa has love affairs with Alexander Rayevsky. They met until the end of 1824. But then Vorontsov alienated from itself the lover.

At the beginning of 1826 - guo Rayevsky was arrested on suspicion of plot of Decembrists. But soon released, and it returned to Odessa. Vorontsov continued to avoid him. It angered Alexander, he ran for the countess and tried to obtain her attention. Once he with a whip in a hand stopped its crew on the street and shouted:

- Take care properly of our daughter!

Vorontsov learned about it, made big scandal, wrote on Rayevsky a denunciation to police and turned out from Odessa forever.

The countess Vorontsova lived long life and till the old age did not forget about the love to Pushkin. Their correspondence did not remain. Something was burned, something disappeared in a history tuft. In 1950 - x years in the Warsaw archive the only thing Pushkin`s letter which reached us to Vorontsova was revealed. It was extremely kind and absolutely harmless answer to a request of the countess to send some of the works for the publication in the charitable collection.