Whether it is easy, having pressed men, to become the first? The legendary sea captain Anna Shchetinina of
Today women even more often occupy, apparently, primordially man`s positions. It already becomes habitual. But what was that who the first decided to press men there where women were traditionally not admitted and is close?
On February 26, 1908 at the small Ocean station near Vladivostok in a family of the switchman Ivan Shchetinin the girl named at a baptism by Anna was born. Who then would know that over time her name will be said yours faithfully hoary with age “ old salts “ from various countries of the world, and it will even appear on sea charts. Times were heavy and hungry, the family had to move more than once until at the beginning of 20 - x years lodged at Sedank`s station (today it is the near suburb, 7 km from Vladivostok).
The sea since the childhood was included into the girl`s life, where the family lived, it was near. When Anna in 1925 graduated from school, it had no doubts in choice of profession. The girl managed to arrive on navigator office of the Vladivostok sea technical school. Already in the years of study began to float on sea vessels, at first the pupil, and then the sailor.
In 1929 Anna graduated from technical school and received the direction in the Kamchatka shipping company where she for five with small passed years a way from the sailor to the sea captain - a pit for those times unknown. It is hard to say, there were not enough then shots or to such an extent trusted young people, but behind the first vessel Anna Shchetinina went to Hamburg from where she should overtake the steamship “ Chinook “ to Kamchatka.
It is possible to present how faces of the Hamburg shipbuilders were extended when to receive the steamship there arrived a woman who was not executed also thirty years yet. Then the foreign press also began to write about it actively, after all the event pulled on sound sensation - at “ Councils “ absolutely young woman became the sea captain. Newsdealers were not even too lazy to trace its route to Kamchatka across the Northern Sea Route, but were disappointed - the steamship arrived to the port of registry in time and without any incidents. Serious incidents for its captain`s century, and it was long, still will be enough, but they ahead.
The first years Anna had to make flights in the Sea of Okhotsk, “ famous “ the storm and insidiousness. In February, 1936 the sea checked the young captain for durability. Steamship “ Chinook “ it was jammed by ices, and within 11 days the crew fought for its rescue. All this time the captain Shchetinina did not leave the bridge, directing crew and choosing a moment to escape from ice captivity. The steamship was rescued and practically did not sustain damage.
1936 was celebrated for Anna Ivanovna Shchetinina by one more significant event - she received the first state award, it was handed an award of the Labour Red Banner. Agree that in 29 years to become not only the sea captain, but also the order bearer, it and for men those years was a big rarity. “ Captain Anna “ as its began to call the man`s colleagues, not just showed the highest professionalism, but also won respect of skilled captains, and it oh as is not simple.
In 1938 Shchetinina was appointed the chief of fish port. The position is responsible, but coastal, and Anna was not going to sit up ashore. As soon as an opportunity was presented, went to Baltic and arrived on navigator faculty of the Leningrad institute of a water transport where in two and a half years managed to end 4 courses. War prevented to continue study.
In the heaviest conditions of the first months of war Anna Shchetinina by steamship “ Saule “ made really “ fiery “ flights, transporting various freights and troops, participated in evacuation of Tallinn. That time was avaricious on awards, but the captain Shchetinina was counted worthy a fighting award of the Red Star. In representation it was written “ For model performance of a task of the government and military command and the shown courage in operations on Baltic “.
Fall of 1941 Shchetinina returned to the Far East where during war ordered various vessels, transporting freights including across Lend - Lisa. More than once went to America and Canada where it was always given a very cordial welcome. During the next flight while there was a loading, it was invited to excursion to Hollywood where not only showed “ factory of dreams “ but also handed an original gift - a nominal phonograph record with “ International “ performed by the Russian emigrants, released in the single copy " firm; Columbia “.
In 1945 Anna Ivanovna had to participate also in combat operation, landing a landing to Sakhalin. After war returned to Baltic again, it was necessary to graduate from the institute. But it was succeeded to start study not at once. Before it was necessary to order about several vessels of the Baltic shipping company and even sat down to become the participant of serious incident by steamship “ Dmitry Mendeleyev “ on reeves. Fog for the captain not the justification therefore Shchetinina was punished, though is peculiar - sent for a year to order the " timber carrying vessel; Baskunchak “.
Continuing to go on vessels, Shchetinina resumed study in the Leningrad highest engineering sea school where in absentia graduated the 5th navigator faculty. In 1949, even before delivery of state examinations, to Anna Ivanovna suggested to pass into school for teaching work, it had just unique experience of navigation. Till 1960 A. I. Shchetinina worked in LVIMU, was the senior teacher, the dean of navigator faculty, the chief of department.
Since 1960 Shchetinina trained future seamen in the Vladivostok highest engineering sea school. It is curious that having even become the teacher, Anna Ivanovna did not leave the captain`s bridge. Went to the summer period the captain on vessels Baltic or Far East Shipping Company (even made circumnavigation on “ Okhotsk “) or directed practice of cadets.
1978 to Anna Ivanovna Shchetinina gave the rank of the Hero of socialist work. By the way, appropriated from the second attempt, the first representation was in 1968 (to 60 - to the anniversary), but then something did not develop.
The sea captain Anna Shchetinina had also a private life though not especially happy. In 1928 she married Nikolay Kachimov working then as the radio operator at fishery vessels. Subsequently he headed Radio service of fishing industry in Vladivostok. In 1938 it was arrested, but in a year it is rehabilitated. Before war worked in Moscow in the Radio center of Narkomrybprom. In 1941 left on the front, served on the Ladoga military flotilla. Nikolay Filippovich in 1950 died. Children in a family were not.
Anna Ivanovna devoted to public work much time, was a member of the committee of the Soviet women, the member of the Writers` Union (wrote two interesting books about fleet and seamen), since 1963 headed Seaside branch of Geographical society USSR.
Anna Ivanovna Shchetinina died on September 25, 1999 and it was buried on the Sea cemetery of the city of Vladivostok. In memory of the first woman - the sea captain her name is appropriated to the cape in the Sea of Japan. On schoolhouses which it ended and school in which taught memorial boards are established. But grateful memory of thousands of seamen whom it brought in ocean open spaces became the main monument to the legendary captain.