What is “ rest time “?
Working hours and time of rest are interconnected. The working hours are shorter, the it is more than time at the worker for rest. The constitutional right on rest is provided not only legislative restriction of working hours, overtime works, but also fixing in the law of different types of time of rest and annual vacations as the main, and additional. Concepts “ rest time according to the labor law “ and “ free time for self-development “ do not coincide, but duration of the second depends on duration of the first.
Rest time is called off-duty time which the worker can use at discretion. It also time enters ways for work and from work.
Types of time of rest following:
- breaks during the working day (change);
- breaks between the working days, changes;
- the days off (weekly continuous rest);
- non-working holidays;
We will open these types of time of rest.
Intra replaceable breaks during the working day, change is a lunch break on all productions, and on some (the works connected with some features) - still short-term (5 - 10 minute) which join in working hours and are paid for average earnings.
The lunch break lasting up to 2 watch and not less than 30 minutes does not join in working hours and is provided for rest and food not later than in 4 hours after the beginning of the working day. In this break the worker can leave from production (to have dinner, for example, at home or in cafe) and to use it at discretion. Time of the beginning and the termination of a lunch break is determined by employment policies and procedures or by the agreement of the employer with the worker.
Breaks for feeding of the child till 1,5 years also belong to intra replaceable breaks. They join in working hours and are paid for average earnings. Their duration - not less than 30 minutes for one child, and in the presence of two and more children till 1,5 years - not less than an hour.
Inter-shift rest is a break between the working days, changes which usually proceeds 12 - 16 hours. Transition to another at shift work comes from one change after the day off according to the schedule of working in shifts.
Weekly continuous rest, i.e. the days off , has to be not less than 42 hours. In the general day off Sunday is. The second day off at five-day working week is determined by the collective agreement or Employment policies and procedures and, as a rule, in a row, i.e. either Saturday, or Monday.
On continuously operating productions, in institutions, the organizations the days off to workers are provided in various days of week serially to each group of workers according to schedules of working in shifts.
On the productions connected with service of the population where work cannot be interrupted in the general day off (shops, theaters, the museums, etc.) the days off are determined in various days of week serially to each group of workers according to employment policies and procedures.
Work on the weekend is forbidden. Involvement only of certain workers from their written consent only in exceptional cases determined by the legislation is allowed:
- for prevention or elimination of public or natural disaster, production accident or immediate elimination of their consequences;
- for prevention of accidents, death or damage of production property;
- for works urgent, unforeseen in advance on which urgent performance normal work of all production or its separate divisions depends further.
Pregnant women are not involved in works on the weekend and workers are younger than 18 years.
Work in the day off is compensated by a compensatory holiday or, by agreement of the parties, in a monetary form - not less double amount of payment.
The festive days off currently in Russia are established the following: 1 - On January 5 - New Year`s vacation, on January 7 - Christmas, on February 23 - the Defender of the Fatherland Day, on March 8 - the International Women`s Day, on May 1 - the Holiday of Spring and Work, on May 9 - the Victory Day, on June 12 - the Russia Day, on November 4 - National Unity Day.
In the specified holidays work only on continuously operating productions, and also the works caused by need of service of the population urgent repair and pogruzochno - discharging is allowed.
At coincidence of output and festive days day off is transferred next day after festive.
The Code provides payment for work in holidays, as a rule, not less than in a double size, or at the request of the worker it can be compensated by granting other day of rest.
Involvement of workers to work during week-end and non-working holidays is made only according to the written order of the employer.