What is the jazz and as to listen to it? Part 1
the Jazz once was a light dance music. But talented technical musicians came. They wanted to rise over crowd, to show the identity, and the jazz became music elite. Not only for performers, but also for listeners.
However whimsical windings of melodic lines attract very many. Streaming solo sometimes there is a wish to listen and listen. The real master can keep in suspense the huge hall for an appreciable length of time. So we can hear in the jazz?
Melody of a jazz subject, melody solo. This main thing. Their drawing first of all draws our attention. If to begin to listen to the jazz after training only on classical music, then other jazz melody can seem strange. And it is normal. In the jazz though it also develops under the standard musical laws, the principles of melodism differ from classical a little. It is necessary just to get used to them. The main thing in music - recognition. Recognition of a familiar melody, harmonious course (sequence of chords), recognition of separate melodic pieces (popevka).
Melodies of the jazz correspond to a certain style. For their all history was developed much. However there is a so-called mainstream which develops continuously. It includes many styles, but all of them have a similar melodism and the principles of formation of composition.
Styles there is a huge number, however between them there passes the clear boundary. It lay in 40 - e years on style bi - a bop. Then there were modern characteristics of all present mainstream. Therefore “ to get used “ to melodism it is necessary according to the chosen style.
the Existing types
Types of jazz compositions from the point of view of the listener happen several types.
In - the first, the most widespread look - performing . It is interpretation of the existing subject by the specific performer, accompanied by ensemble or solno (is more often on a piano). After a subject statement each of musicians in turn executes solo. Solo can have improvisational character, and can be written in advance and simply executed.
In - the second, composer . The composer writes a new subject. It can be followed additional solo, and can exist in itself. Can independently execute or charge to someone.
In - the third, arrangement . Rather it belongs to execution of music big - a band. Arrangement for a concrete cast becomes usually the head of ensemble who in combination is a composer.
Mix of the second and third look is simfo - the jazz . His bright representative - J. Gershwin. Large jazz compositions are executed by a symphonic orchestra.
of the Subjectare written to
of the Subject for execution by composers. There is a large number of so-called standards. They are written many years ago, and each jazzman has to know couple of hundreds of such subjects.
The subject is usually executed not absolutely in that look as it was written. It is always interpretation of the soloist - the performer or the arranger big - a benda. Happens so that it is possible to learn a subject not always at once. The subject in the first statement (before solo) can come nearer to solo at once.
The subjects written long ago differ on melodism from the accepted practice for modern solo.
In order that it is good to be guided in subjects and to learn them, it is necessary to listen to good performers of the fallen in love style many. Knowing musical notation, it is possible to acquire collections of the corresponding subjects and to study them on notes.
Subjects can be absolutely from another “ operas “. For example, Duke Ellington arranged “ Nutcracker “ Tchaikovsky.
The subject is always followed by harmony. Harmony is chords which are written in bukvenno - a digital form usually near a musical line. But it can be also the accompaniment registered by notes. The last belongs to the composer jazz more often. Sequences of chords of a concrete subject also should be remembered. Otherwise it will be unclear solo, following a subject. Of course, it is desirable to have and develop so-called harmonious hearing (ability to distinguish chords).
After solo all performers usually the subject in an initial statement sounds again.
Some famous musicians after carrying out an initial subject in the final dare to play free improvisation in perfect loneliness. From an initial subject there can be only the general mood, and even in general nothing.
In the first part we considered the highlights characteristic of the jazz. Let`s finish in the following series.