Rus Articles Journal

Spark somik - that for a small fish?

the Tiny akulka float at me in an aquarium. Sticks out the huge eyes, cuts a water smooth surface a sharp finlet. Charming eccentric woman! It seems a shark, and it seems - a little aquarian small fish... And the name at it the same fancy: a pangasius - spark somik .

What fish is and what it is eaten with?

is eaten with vegetable marrows, cheese and carrot, given under mayonnaise with sweet pepper and pineapples, with vegetables and rice. Fish actually very tasty and practically without bones. But now it will be a question of a spark somik as an aquarian pet, but not a dish for dinner.

Pangasiuses it is from Thailand, are widespread in Hugo - East Asia and Indochina. In their family there are about 46 types, some specially part on fish farms of Vietnam. But as the extent of the majority of fishes is too big and in the nature they grow to 2,5 meters, only two types of spark somik are suitable for contents in house conditions: vysokoplavnichny and ordinary (Siamese). They perfectly adapt in our climate, every year winning the increasing popularity as aquarian fishes.

Contents

is preferable

To the maintenance of spark somik a big aquarium from 300 liters. They quickly grow in the warm often replaced water. The Vysokoplavnichny pangasius in a year can reach a half a meter in length if the space so this copy needs a lot of place allows.

Siamese pangasiuses, quieter and smaller by the size, are suitable for decorative house aquariums better. Their sizes do not exceed 30 cm, and they can live in aquariums of the smaller size (since 60 l), but then continuous aeration and a filtration of water are required.

Water

Spark somik - thermophilic fish. That he felt well, water temperature in an aquarium should not fall below 23 C (average values: 24 - 28 C). At decrease in temperature pangasiuses lay down on a bottom and cease to eat food.

The spark somik suits neutral water with small deviations: rigidity = 5 - 20 (dGH), acidity (rn) = 7.

The effective filtration is important (to a quarter of volume of an aquarium), it is necessary to change water at least two times a month. It is also possible to arrange a current which small fishes very much love.

Feeding

Pangasiuses are not choosy

in food and are very gluttonous. Both vysokoplavnichny, and Siamese are zhivotnoyadny fishes therefore to them the granulated dry feeds, a crank, beef heart, shrimps, a squid, small live fish will be used for fodder. The food has to float before a mouth: on a surface or in the thickness of water - as small fishes can refuse to take food from a bottom.

Spark somik - night predators, it is better to feed them in the evening. Sometimes they in general refuse to eat by the light of, then it is better to muffle it that they were not afraid of the shadow cast by you.

Behaviour

to

Pangasiuses are often subject to stresses. They can panic at the sight of any shadow or any reflections of light. At a strong fright the flock of somik will rush on a water surface, threatening to jump out of an aquarium and crashing into all objects occurring them in the path. They even to themselves thus hurt noses! That small fishes felt more protected, it is recommended to plant plants along lateral and back walls of an aquarium.

It is worth remembering that if a pangasius at you one, he is subject to stresses even more often. Having not up to the end accustomed on the new place, he can refuse food at all, fade long in a corner of an aquarium or to faint at your approach. Spark somik - fishes gregarious therefore badly transfer loneliness and it is better to hold them on 3 - 4 individuals. In an environment similar they become very mobile, rush on an aquarium, recovering its depths.

But even the neighbourhood of small fishes of other breeds, the muffled light and convenient shelters will help a somik to adapt quicker on the new place. Over time at the correct approach they get used to the owner and even begin to take food from hands.

Compatibility

pangasiuses are peaceful

In relation to large fishes. However reaching the large sizes, they become more courageous, begin to feel the force and can swallow fish of the sizes or even to bite larger. There is also a cannibalism so somik easily can eat the fellow who is lagging behind in the sizes. Especially it concerns to vysokoplavnichny catfishes.

In aquariums pangasiuses are well combined with leshchevidny barbusa, spark to a ball, labeo, slopes, armor-clad pikes, fishes - knives (both black, and glazchaty), tiger perches, tsikhlida, brocade somika and with many other types of the suitable sizes.

The best neighbors - quiet large fishes. However at the correct and regular feeding even the most gluttonous spark catfishes will be able quietly to get on with small small fishes.

Reproduction

Life expectancy of spark somik: 10 years and more. Aged from 3 till 6 years there come the period of maturing and small fishes begin to spawn. It happens from June to November, to intervals in several days. Pangasiuses lay caviar among seaweed - until 100 000 berries! At a suitable incubatory temperature (30 C) in two days the youth comes up on freedom. However reproduction of pangasiuses in aquariums happens very seldom so hardly you will wait for replenishment in family.

Spark somik - beautiful and very live small fish. It is always interesting to watch its movement on an aquarium. Fans of fishes should not disregard such unusual representatives of pets.