Rus Articles Journal

Who invented matches?

A you reflected sometime how matches work? Yes, yes, those which we use every day throughout a century, for receiving fire. Boxes of matches in the company of ancient people would create the same furor as successful cloning of the person presently. Fire in far times was appreciated as a deity, and its find was compared to divine blessing for the rest of life for the person and all his sort. But not the destructive force of fire, but its deficiency at that time forced people to admire it. Over time people learned to extract independently fire by friction of two wooden sticks, to use it and to operate.

Now you will surprise nobody with a match, but, despite such popularity, not each of us knows history of creation of an ordinary match. The very first factory on production of matches appeared relatively recently - only 150 years ago. Sales were small from - for ignorances of people of such exotic bagatelle.

At the end of the 17th century a set of attempts on creation " were made; heads matches. Chemical ognivo accepted various variations, and process of ignition of such match was sometimes too sophisticated for ordinary citizens. For example the stick with a head from potassium chloride which in case of its immersion in sulfuric acid lit up was one of the first. An advertizing slogan of this new toy for wealthy people of steel of the word for our time seeming ridiculous: We Have for sale in small sklyanochka and cases a chemical composition which by means of a sulfuric match soon and it is capable lights a candle . But that with you is clear to us that such process of ignition of a candle not fast in addition and not safe.

There was also one more variation of a match similar on modern. The glass ball covered with flammable mix, filled with acid was its head. Was to break enough such ball that the match lit up also paper in which usually wrapped such match covered fire.

In 30 - e years of the 19th century the famous chemist Kamerer invented special easily flammable structure - the phosphoric weight which easily lit up from friction about any rough surface. There was only one lack of such match, after combustion there was awfully strong smell of rotten eggs from - for availability of sulfur in structure, besides, these matches were poisonous in some degree. Therefore Kamerer sold the patent of the invention to the Austrian manufacturers.

Matches what we use now were created by the German scientist Bettgerd, he replaced poisonous phosphorus in Kamerer`s matches with mix of antimony and potassium chloride. Though it should be noted also the fact that matches of time were created during this period, nearly every day and local newspapers dazzled with headings similar to it: Sim I have honor to inform that after long experiences and improvement I managed to reach, at last, preparation of such structure and property of matches that on them no weather " has influence;.

Now matches make of aspen logs, cut straws, impregnate it with the special solution allowing a match not to smolder after combustion. Then dry, polish and one end is dipped in incendiary weight, dried and sorted in boxes where two parties are greased by phosphoric namazky.

In usual life we use an economic type of matches. There are also special matches for hunters and seamen who do not fade away from wind, unlike usual. Still there are alarm matches, the giving high bright flame and chimney long matches.

They say that to spend for the wood matches purifying our air not humanely and that it is more reasonable to use reusable lighters. But the matches having rich history will serve people faithfully for a long time.