For what Finns remember Minna Kant and will read her name?
Whatever weather stood on March 19 in Finland, already the seventh year as this day the country puts on mainly in white and blue colors. However, at all not because though the snow which densely settled on white snowdrifts also does not think to thaw, but spring … Here it, absolutely close. Both the sky - already as in spring transparent and blue. No. Not snow and sky. White and blue this day Suomi is painted by national flags that is lifted over all country. Finland celebrates the Day of equality .
But … If about equality, then - not to me. I would like a little about another. Not just like that our neighbors note this Day, nice for themselves?
Of course, “ not simply “. The matter is that already more than a century ago, in 1906 , by the Emperor Nicholas II adopted the new seymovy charter of the Grand duchy Finnish, the fixed principle of the direct, proportional and equal suffrage, including women.
And Finland became the first … No, not the country. The country - that just was not yet. Our neighbors will gain independence only in 11 years. Here so, the country was not, and the first in Europe the Finnish women began to vote on an equal basis with the men. The first! Who there that Finns sluggish and slow? Stereotypes are not necessary. It is not necessary! Yes if strongly is impatient, these children … If not ahead of all planet, then Europe is precisely forced to see what color they behind the back …
to Finns have satchels what to be proud this day. And on March 19 they remember not only 1906. But also 1844 . Because Day of equality is dated for Birthday of Ulrica Vilchelmina Jonson . That on which monument in Kuopio it is beaten out: “ Minna Edging “ . And on March 19 at this monument always populously …
Why Day of equality at birthday of Minna Kant? For what Finns remember it and will read her name?
To answer the first question quite easily. Minna Kant is the first finnoyazychny woman - the journalist. She wrote about difficult and unfair situation of women. And besides - made it the first. And its articles and books gave a powerful impulse to that obsidional tool which after her death succeeded to break a fortification of traditions and prejudices. To break and grant to the Finnish women electoral rights, equal with men.
And here for what? To answer this question much more difficult. Because in memory of descendants of people remains not only some concrete act. All the life. And how? How Ulrika Wilchelmina lived the life what it is remembered by her compatriots two centuries later? What it was during lifetime?
Of course, from here it is difficult to make out, but … Here is given to me that she was a happy woman. At least because almost always near it on life there was Lyubov. And unless not this main thing for the woman?
Why it seems so to me? Yes unless, if the father, the former factory worker who became subsequently the dealer did not love the Ulrika, unless he would send her to study to Jyvaskyla, far from house? In the teacher`s seminary which just opened there? And it at the beginning of 60 - x years of the 19th century! When education for the woman was we suck not obligatory. Sent. Released. Because loved.
Only the teacher Ulrika did not become. It was necessary to leave study when in 1865 it accepted the proposal of the teacher, Uechan Ferdinand Kant, and married it. So Vilkhelmina Jonson became Minna Kant and found the love. From where I know what found? Well, in a family which is not warmed by this warm and good feeling seven children can be hardly born. And if children are born from love, then Minna and Uechan not just loved. They - adored each other. Because they had … seven children.
But … In 1879 Uechan did not become. And it was necessary to live further. Therefore the next year Minna moves to Kuopio and begins to be engaged in business activity - to operate the shop which was earlier belonging to her father selling threads.
If the person is talented, then it is shown in everything. Minna was not only the great journalist and the outstanding playwright, but also as we would tell now, successful business - vumen. There were enough means from little shop not only for life of all big family Kant, but also for continuation of literary and public work of Minna. Her house in Kuopio became for the creative intellectuals and the famous figures of the Finnish culture of that time the important place of almost daily meetings and discussions.
In salon progressive ideas of Darwinism and materialistic philosophy, a problem of female equality and the minor provision of Finnish and culture were discussed. However, if who already decided that during these discussions Minna was just the same as she was represented on a monument by Emil of Halonen - the large and gloomy matron of average years, then it … Not absolutely so. It was different. Willingly perceived foreign ideas, in exchange generously presenting with the. As it seems to me, being in a circle of relatives it on spirit of people, adherents, Minna just was properly happy. But if so, then happiness cannot be without fun! And it is valid, Kant liked to have fun. To joke, play friends, to be thrown with them in kartishka …
However, I did not tell that her perception contemporaries was unanimous and unambiguous. Even now Finns, recognizing undoubted talent of the writer, with some caution glance towards some of its works, including them too radical. And it - two centuries later! And what was then?
And then … Then there came blossoming time national - patriotic literature of Finland. The national consciousness was ideology of time, and its main objectives, including and in art, - national unity and the future of the nation. For the advanced part to modern Minna Kant of the Finnish intellectuals the concept “ people “ was defined from the positions of national romanticism putting an equal-sign between language and the nation.
And here Kant walked without cadence with men who, as usual, set the tone. It also could not “ in a leg “. Well, in - the first, Minna in the works 80 - x already grew up from a narrow framework of romanticism. In its plays “ In Roynil`s house “ (1883), “ Wife Rabochego “ (1885) “ Hard lots “ (1888) it is very realistic and are plausibly represented life of the Finnish village, lawlessness and poverty of city working people are shown.
And in - the second … In 1889 - 1890. Kant, together with A. B. Myakel, issued the " magazine; Vapayta of an aatteyt “ (“ Free ideas “) for which Minna selected and translated articles on world outlook questions from foreign editions. Therefore it is no wonder that already in 90 - x in such plays Kant as “ Family of the pastor (1891), “ Anna - Liis “ (1895), its realism becomes wider than Finnish, it absorbs in itself(himself) the best European lines of this literary trend.
As the writer and, especially, as the woman, the writer distinctly saw a reverse side of idea of a national unification - marginalization of society and cultural intolerance. This subject was forbidden. It was not accepted to pay attention to it. Well, at least because it clipped wings to national illusions.
And to leave illusions … Painfully. And this pain, though involuntarily, at Finns - almost always when they remember Minna. As Tellervo Krogerus in the work devoted Kant told:
“ Its importance is called into question not because it was a woman, but because she, being a woman, could not apprehend the idea of national unity created by men “.
Here so. “ Could not apprehend created by men “ … And you speak - “ equality, equality “ …
Finns remember Minna. Also honor her name. For what she made not only for the Finnish women. For all. And here equality personally for itself as in my opinion, so she also could not achieve. Alas...
the Author expresses sincere gratitude to N. V. Ryazanova (Vantaa, Finland) for the help in search of illustrative material to article.