From where the floor " was taken; one million “?
Million... One of the most widespread words of the modern language. Thousand thousands. How long it was included into the everyday speech? Who and why invented, invented, composed this multipood word designating something big, great, rich and capacious?
Only on Shkolyzhizni`s website. ru today word “ one million “ more than ten thousand times meet in this or that form. To strain search engines, I think, there is no sense - clear and so that this word is popular and actual today. And he is more than seven hundred years old. Also thought up it not who other as the famous Italian, the traveler, the Venetian merchant Marco Polo (1254 - 1324).
At the end of the thirteenth century, in 1271 Venetians Maffeo and Nicolo Polo went to possession of the Mongolian khan Hubilaya, the grandson Genghis Khan, to China as the father`s envoys. Together with them, the son Nicolo - Marko was the third traveler. There were then to the successor of the Venetian merchant only seventeen years. To modern measures merchants reached very long - from Venice travelers got to China only in four years. Planes did not fly, trains did not go … to
Long served Marco Polo at the imperious khan Hubilaya. The khan paid attention to the talented young man at once. While the uncle and the father were engaged in trade with the East, Marko studied Mongolian. The khan brought closer the young man to the yard and employed on civil service. Subsequently Marco Polo was included into Privy Council and even became the prefect, that is the governor of the province of Yangzhou. Great honor for the foreigner!
But Italy attracted, nostalgia tormented, and already mature Marko began to ask Hubilaya to allow to go home him. Many times he was refused. Instead the khan set all new and new strategic tasks. And Marco Polo with gloss carried out them. In seventeen years of life in China the traveler studied life of local population, collected many interesting data on India and Japan. Richness of the East was so big, and inventions are so unusual that there were no words in Italian to describe all these infinite treasures and exotic novelties.
After death of the khan Marco Polo went back to Venice. However here it was waited by new turn of destiny … Having taken part in sea battle, he became the captive of the Genoa republic. And in three years of imprisonment of Marco Polo managed to dictate the whole book to Rustichano`s pizanets (Rustichello?) . So was born well-known “ Marco Polo`s Book “. Book of miracles of the world.
In spite of the fact that Rustichano supplied it with the preface where noted truthfulness of a statement, all stories of Marco Polo were perceived by compatriots as the imagination and lie.
What words Marco Polo had to describe splendor of the Chinese yard? Income of the khan? How to explain not to poor Venetians that people in far China exchange jewels and gold for pieces of paper? Then paper money was only in China! How to describe that in others east seas the Pole star is not visible? And that Chinese print books from boards … Merchants of Venice perfectly are able to consider
. And word “ Millet “ say tastefully every time when the account reads off scale and conversation goes about thousands. However Marko assures all fellow countrymen that even the richest of them will concede to the poorest grandee of the khan Hubilaya. Marko cannot long find the suitable word, and suddenly - here it, a find - “ to the milyena! “ Why “ to the milyena “? Who told “ to the milyena “? What for?
“ Millet “ in Italian “ one thousand “ “ - they “ - that our suffix “ - ishch “. Milyone - one thousand thousands, a tysyachishcha, huge one thousand. Surprisingly, but Russian word “ one thousand “ too once designated “ corpulent one hundred “.
Here and was born the modern, caressing hearing, the treasured word “ one million “. It means “ one thousand thousands “. So this word immortalized memory of the Venetian traveler Marco Polo. During lifetime the nickname " was assigned to it; Mister Million “.
Even on a death bosom the priest admonished the dying Marco Polo: “ Confess, God will forgive all your inventions, everything that you told, blasphemously. Renounce! “
Of what was to repent to the great traveler? He told only that saw his eyes that heard his ears. There is no prophet in the fatherland.
Today Italy is proud of his name, in honor of the famous compatriot many museums, galleries, hotels, clubs and restaurants are called worldwide. Thanks, great Marko, for the concrete and capacious word!
And what on the travel held back Marco Polo?