What is celebrated in Canada today?
in Canada celebrate on February 15 Day of a flag. Date of an annual holiday was declared in 1995 by the prime minister - the minister of the country Jean Chretien. This day, since 1965, the colors with a red maple leaf were for the first time hoisted.
But the maple leaf with which at most of inhabitants of Earth Canada is associated appeared on the Canadian flag, it appears - rather recently. Now it seems that this country and its symbol - it is red - a white flag with the image of a maple leaf, were a single whole always. And today this symbol of which all Canadians are proud can be seen everywhere - on badges and pens, cups, t-shirts and caps.
Now national flag of Canada is a panel from three vertical strips: wide white in the middle with the image of a red maple leaf on it, and two red, narrower strips on each side.
Pure, vital colors of a flag are visible from far away - both against the blue sky, and in cloudy day. Color of red strips symbolizes self-sacrifice and blood of patriots; white - snow open spaces of northern Canada and the peace union of two nations.
Appeal of the Canadian flag - in its laconicism and recognition. In February, 1965 at a ceremony in Ottawa, the capital of Canada, these colors were hoisted over Parliamentary Holm. And, though day was cold and cloudy, since early morning already gathered to many people. When there came the lowering moment “ old “ a flag which - which of attendees brushed away a tear.
The chorus of school students of Ottawa sang the anthem of Canada, the prime minister - the minister and the general - the governor of the country - Pearson and Vanye delivered, as usual, solemn speeches. When began to hoist the modern colors, on an attestation of eyewitnesses, from - for clouds the bright sun suddenly looked out and lit all with the beams. In crowd joyfully cried and applauded!
Ceremony of replacement of the British flag “ Union Jack “ a modern flag took place in presence and from approval of Her Majesty of Queen Elizabeth II. But also “ Union Jack “ (“ Union Jack “) served to Canada for many years belief and the truth, did not remain " too; out of work “.
The Canadian parliament provided it the official status of a symbol of membership of Canada in the British Commonwealth and therefore during celebration of significant dates of the Commonwealth and personally royal family it and continues to be hung out on an equal basis with the main national, national flag of Canada.
The destiny and history of a present Canadian flag were difficult. The set of changes was undergone by it for years of the existence, did not become yet what is now. History both the countries, and its flag began with development of the territory of Canada by immigrants at the end of the 15th century and proceeded for 1520 - e years. Then, in the first decades the flag of this country accepted English, with the image of a cross of Saint Georgy.
Later Northern lands of the American continent took over the king of France and over it the flag of the French Orleans dynasty with the romantic image of royal lilies rose. But the government of the French king was short, and after his defeat in seven years` war, over Canada which since 1621 again was under vliyany the British Empire national flag of Britain rose.
After 1707 the flag of Canada began to be called already Canadian Red Ensign renamed so from Red Ensign - a red sea flag with the British flag in the canton which remained a symbol of the country and after formation of the dominion (In 1867 several separate British colonies united to the uniform dominion - Dominion of Canada including New - Bransuik, New Skotiya, Ontario and Quebec).
But later Canada accepted the British national flag of Union Jack symbolizing its communication with Great Britain. In months of World War I the Canadian soldiers battled on fronts in America under such flag. And in December, 1868 the flag of colonial administration changed - on it for the first time there was the Canadian chetverochastny coat of arms what the flag also remained till 1907 then the board on a flag became nine-private.
In 1921 after the king of Great Britain George V granted Canada the State Emblem including official colors - red and white which were associated with France and England, this coat of arms was added to a flag under the name Red Ensign (the Canadian sea flag).
The flag combined thus was recognized on January 26, 1924 in Canada as official. Under it Canadians were at war in World War II. At the end of war, by 1945 the Parliament approved this flag, “ so far at the country will not appear, at last, own “. The question of own, unique flag which would represent Canada regardless of a flag British rose, at last, rather sharply.
And when before celebration of an anniversary - 100 - the anniversaries of Canada were only 3 months, the Canadian prime minister Lester Pearson in 1964 decided finally and irrevocably what cannot be postponed further, and the flag to anniversary of the country has to be by all means! “ I am sure that we have to receive our national flag for Canada; a flag which will tell only one word, and such word - Canada “ - Lester Pearson proclaimed. It was for this purpose organized “ flag committee “ which 15 members of Parliament from 5 various political parties in the House of Commons entered.
Except that the committee asked council at authoritative flag professionals, it had to also, appeal to all Canadians to send the offers. Thousands of people living not only in Canada, but also worldwide, sent the drawings and ideas, photos and sketches, collages, on paper, napkins, pieces of cardboard and sewed with own hand, flag samples.
Mailbags filled up office of committee. The subject of a maple leaf, of course, was the most favourite. But there were also less typical symbols - rabbits, beavers, the Canadian geese, eagles, and even such as hockey sticks and horse police officer astride. Many accompanied the creations with detailed descriptions, verses and songs.
After several weeks of consideration of projects and meeting with experts (more than 2600 various options of design were presented), the committee accepted, at last the decision and provided it in Parliament. Discussions and debate continued during 15 - ti days! But after carrying out vote the single maple leaf was by a majority vote chosen!
And in three days in response to the offer sent by the Senate to the Queen of Great Britain (and Canada) Elizabeth II, on December 31, 1964, from it own highest approval of this decision of Parliament was got. By the reason that the Canadian flag is recognized now around the world and it is exclusively recognizable, its perfectly thought over design where the important role was played by color served, of course.
As there is a set of shades of red color, as a shade red for a flag of Canada was chosen brightly - scarlet that color differed from lighter red in the British flag and is dark - red in a flag of the USA. The flag composition where the central white field with the stylized image of a maple leaf in the center, is framed on both sides with vertical red strips, symbolizes two oceans - Silent and Atlantic in which arms from two parties the country is clasped.
Its national motto is “ From sea to sea “ that is “ From the sea and to the sea “. And the maple leaf emphasizes unity of the nation here. The union of flowers red and white in a flag is the color of a cross of St. Georgy associated with Great Britain and traditional color of the French monarchy respectively which together symbolize equality of two state languages of Canada - English and French.
And having quoted the decree of 1965 in flag year of birth, it is possible to sum up that installation on most “ the flag recognized in the world, … idle time in design and reflecting those general values which are valued by the country, such as freedom, the world, tolerance and legality “ perhaps, are executed. And therefore Canadians very much are proud, both the country, and the flag, and consider it as the symbol uniting Canadians not only within the country, but also worldwide.