How the Japanese nested doll looks?
are A little known of how the Japanese wooden doll of a kokesa appeared . Some researchers consider that these dolls arose from religious practice and were intended to contain spiritual essence of the dead. Often they were produced to honor someone`s memory.
Modern history of dolls of a kokesa began during the late period of Edo (1603 - 1867). Having arisen in the north of Japan in the area to Tokhok, known for the hot springs, the doll of a kokesa was the main means of obtaining the income for local handicraftsmen who specialized in work with a tree and production of house utensils such. By free winter evenings of the master in a tree began to do kokesa dolls to sell them as souvenirs to visitors who quite often visited local hot springs. Dolls were used also as tools for the massage which is carried out when vacationers enjoyed heat of hot springs.
Dolls of a kokesa had very simple registration and were usually made on the lathes rotated manually.
All of them possess the general characteristics and consist of a cylindrical trunk and the round head. Perhaps, the very first dolls were not painted. Today on kokes represent the kimonos covered with a bright flower ornament and other traditional patterns. Red, yellow, violet colors are used.
As all dolls are painted manually, two identical are not among them. In it the main charm of a kokesa is concluded. Some dolls look whimsical or happy, smiling while others keep gravity.
Popularity of a kokesa went out of one region soon. They became favourite wooden toys across all Japan for those to whom beyond the means there were porcelain dolls. In addition, simple rounded shape of dolls did them suitable as tooth rings for babies.
Kokes traditionally represented young girls and quickly became popular for the created image of female beauty. The simple charm and associations with the childhood did them by a fine gift when the baby, as well as to the subsequent birthdays was born. And even as a memorable symbol if the child died.
The Japanese wooden dolls of a kokesa were popular among country children. Widely there was an opinion that they can promote a good harvest. Also there was a belief that is pleasant to gods when the child plays with dolls. However completely to estimate refinement and thin beauty of a doll of a kokesa only adults can, of course.
For a kokesa different types of wood were used. Some types of cherry differed in dark color, soft wood and were widely used, as well as the Japanese maple. Wood was maintained from one to five years before was considered suitable for production of dolls. Now kokes it is recognized as one of traditional types of folk art.
Despite common features, two schools of production of dolls are allocated: traditional doll of a kokesa and author`s doll of a kokesa.
Traditional dolls are made only in six prefectures of the region to Tokhok, differing in the thinnest features of a form and list which allow experts to define where the toy is made and is frequent - whom. Togata, prefecture of Miyagi, is the most ancient place of emergence of a kokesa. From here the technology of production of wooden dolls extended to other regions of mineral waters of the region to Tokhok. Now it is the second most prospering area of production of a kokesa after Narugo.
Author`s dolls kokes recede from the traditional patterns coming from the centers to Tokhok. They are works not of unlimited inspiration, and it is reflected in forms and patterns.
For author`s the kokesa does not exist any preferable flowers or techniques which would pass selection of many generations. They represent individual creativity of each master. The new concept allows artists to reveal any concerning subject through the works.
Traditional and author`s dolls of a kokesa annually participate in a festival in Tokhoka. In the first of September people gather in Narugo where masters of a kokesa of all country participate in a competition, one of prizes in which is the award from the prime minister - the minister. In the first day of a holiday in the Shinto temple the dedication ceremony to the local god of a set of wonderful dolls is carried out, and the dolls made with defects are destroyed next day.
Styles of a kokesa a set, but the philosophy reflected in them, one: all dolls of a kokesa are attempt to express beauty in simplicity.