Rus Articles Journal

How broadcasting in Siberia began?

our correspondent

Hleba Tells on the left, bread to the right, to

of Bread for luck, bread wonderfully well...

Bread exists only in my imagination so far. They will get up pooboch roads only in the fall. And now spring. Spring of 1975. In the heat, respectively, spring field works, snow retention which - where where did not manage to dopakhat in the fall, plow now... On the way sowing campaign.... Having left to

multinumber of storeys and a mnogolyudya of Novosibirsk streets behind the back, we escape on a scope of fields... Siberian open space! For the first time me, the most crucial task is charged to the beginning correspondent: publicizing of spring field works in special morning information releases. I go as the head of exit edition - the special correspondent. In crew together with me the driver Victor and the sound technician Alexander Aleksandrovich Tukhanin. By and large he should be the head - it goes to this trip can be for the 100-th time.

Vyezzhayem on fields of the Horde area... Alexander Aleksandrovich plows up window shutters between salon where its economy - two compactly attached studio tape recorders and a cabin is located...

- - Sow, - - he quietly speaks to me.

I get the idea Not at once... At last reaches: we did not say on radio about that at least one economy started sowing. That is, if the reporting turns out, then there will be what is necessary. I ask the driver to move down after the journey closer to a field edge... Alexander Aleksandrovich unwinds a cable, attaches to it the microphone. I leave directly to a field edge. I wait when the sowing complex approaches us. The tractor operator, understanding that we from him need something, stops a tractor, slowly goes to us, Lights.

- - Hello, exit editorial office of Novosibirsk radio. Let`s talk...

- - Is possible, - - the tractor operator sedately notes. I Ask

, what is his name. Several times aloud I repeat a name, a middle name and a surname. I have a specific defect of memory: I remember names of people very badly. But, having several times repeated, I stack a name in a prigototovlenny view of language.

Having exhaled, I begin.

- - this year early started a sowing campaign in collective farm Bolshevik Horde area. We stand at an edge of the field at which the unit works... tractor operator Ivan Ivanovich Petrov. How you believe, Ivan Ivanovich whether not too early began?

a question seems to the Tractor operator efficient. He shifts a cap on a nape and begins to explain why, actually, it is justified and it is useful to begin a sowing campaign this day. I am interested in a condition of the soil, depth of seal of seeds... The voice at me volume, that is each vowel is said long, takes a lot of place in time . Therefore I consciously try to increase tempo of speech. For those few months that I work for radio, already all explained to me about features of my diction, speed and style of the speech, specified what it should be corrected and as... On Novosibirsk radio very qualified directors Lolly Aleksandrovich Balandin and Valery Anatolyevich Cherepanov. They. As well as announcers: Georgy Nikolaevich Lebedev, Taskira Hasanovna Bogdanova, Olga Mikhaelovna Egorova and Lyudmila Viktorovna Murzina, are always ready to consult, properly correctly to speak... About it I already understood something - - and I try to keep the speech under control.

Two - three questions. Two - three efficient answers. Success wish to the tractor operator... All... Alexander Aleksandrovich not only writes down

, the fact what I slander and that the interlocutor answers me, it attentively listens to all our dialogue. If something is not pleasant to it, it can suggest me to execute the second double. He removes earphones. Leaves the bunk room. Takes away from me the microphone. Nods. Means, the first pancake not a lump... Actually, anything especially interesting. But the operational occasion is - the beginning of spring sowing in the area - - already not bad...

we Say goodbye to the tractor operator, we plunge into the car - and forward...

Seems I only yesterday the first time arrived from the Campus to the radio House to fulfill the first working day in staff. And here, passed months.

Of course, on me as on the newcomer from the first day all drudgery and routine laid down: editing the semiliterate notes which arrived from non-staff correspondents from districts of the area, the ten-minute program for fire safety consisting of the boring facts and the repeating professional terms. This program was brought to me the major from fire protection Mikhail Artemyevich Nikatov, and, the bard Nikolay Shipilov who came together with him. They were informed that from now on they will deal with me. I did not manage to be tired by then of routine yet and to pick up cynicism and wanted to make this fire ten-minute the normal listened transfer, than, apparently, so puzzled colleagues from fire protection that both of them " steel; to render on me impression . Shipilov told about how he as the singing actor took part recently in shootings of the feature television film. The movie was about civil war. Shipilov in him played the Red Army man in a budennovka and sang the song. Mikhail Artemyevich remembered

how it, the saxophonist - the fan, as a part of variety ensemble of management of fire protection was invited to Moscow on television Blue spark .

- - While went to Moscow, in the train collectively composed the song about Novosibirsk. With success executed it on Spark . Since then it is considered the best song about our city...

Ya nevertheless achieved then that pozharnach the desyatitminutka turned into the normal, listened program. One of transfers devoted to protection against the fires of granaries began with a song " fragment; " Wheat; gold what, on my plan had to draw attention of listeners. Then ten-minute was broken on three various on genres small a fragment. Transfer came to the end with the song...

Elmakov, having received the scenario on control, shaking by it entered my office.

- - Here and has to work the real editor of radio!

In the New look was pleasant ten-minute also to the fire administration. For acquaintance to me to radio there arrived the deputy head of department Chernukhin. After a while Nikatov submitted to me the proposal of the head of department to pass to service to firefighters. The major`s rank, the apartment and all other benefits relying the person in shoulder straps was offered to me.

Looking from today`s it is far on last life, I think that undoubtedly the offer should have been accepted. To years to forty five I would already retire and could begin repeatedly journalistic career, without experiencing those social and household difficulties which dropped out to me during the first period of homeless Novosibirsk life.

But in reality, being in captivity of romantic illusions and prejudices, I refused the proposal of firefighters. Decided that the service in fire protection for the graduate of faculty of journalism of MSU is not prestigious. However with podarny I made friends, wrote for them a number of songs with which in several years took a prize at a republican competition. For the got prishchovy award bought sibselmashevsky complete kitchen for the new apartment...

Here one of mine fire songs . The person whom I immensely respected and whom forever held kind in remembrance Vikutor Aleksandrovich Elmakov, characterized it as elevated poetry ...

* * *

Somewhere the trouble is inflated by a crazy breeze,

Only firefighters as if soldiers on guards...

As machine-gun fraction - phone call -

In red cars on call hurry crews.

Somewhere in a smoke choking, the person

of Courageous firefighters with entreaty about ambulance calls...

And therefore will not detain prompt run

of Red cars even a red signal of the traffic light...

Is not present among us indifferent and weak soul,

we will not stop before fight dangerous...

In red cars we hurry on the fire, as on fight,

In red cars as though under glow red...

Under glow - - it is the updated, today`s version. Initially in the text stood under a banner red ...

In the very first days I got acquainted with Ivkin and Chernousov, Kogan and non-staff correspondents from areas: Khromov from Kupin, Mikhail Mikhaylovich Yakhnin from Chany, Anatoly Pletenkin - from Vengerov, Valentina Moiseevna Chernenko from Krasnozerka, Tanakov from Kyshtovka. That is, gradually was up on...

Passed three days - and the normal order of things was sharply broken. In - the first, Anatoly Chernyshov was dismissed for a booze. In - the second, Victor Fedotovich Tarkhachev heading department affected the patient - and left on the bulletin.

- - Sores at it, of course, some is, - - Elmakov explained. - But. the main thing is that it ahead of schedule developed the quarter fee. So, from it, the zhlobsky point of view, it does not make sense to work any more. And to get the bulletin for it - as two fingers about asphalt: his wife is the chief physician of policlinic... Here thus for the third day of work I appeared

in a condition of the boy who was thrown from the boat into water and told:: Float .

I Have serious reasons to consider that Tarkhachev owing to a boorishness inherent in it deliberately put me in such situation when I who is not knowing still neither the city, nor area, did not master system of work had to fail inevitably. I should do one daily releases of the latest news. In addition to - - to them four issues of thematic radio magazines - On start and My Siberia . Moreover and fire ten-minute...

But I did not fail. However, from the floor on the floor of the House of radio I rushed run, constantly stayed in a stress, with vneshatnik did not rattle on - just had no time. But I all was in time, coped with everything and even to the lyrical zarisovochka of Pyotr Dedov written to them for the " radio magazine; My Siberia added, strengthening its emotional influence, my new poem...

In a word, I came up. I coped. Gained self-confidence. And even, which - that earned. As - (Elmakov took care) - paid in addition to me for the management of department, that is, for the period of Tarkhachev`s absence gave his salary.

Turned out that I am quite capable to work quickly, without reducing quality. It turned out that I quite qualitatively keep sports reportings. Czech was useful for one of them: these days in Novosibirsk the ice-hockey team from the Czech Republic stayed. I just once even popizhonit

those days, having prepared the reporting from " trust; Zapsibspetsavtomatika . Keeping this reporting, I consistently talked to four participants taking place in trust scientifically - technical conference in the Russian, Czech, Polish and German languages. this reporting had

unexpected consequences what here I will not speak about as I lower all lyrics, and will leave it for future poem. We passed

with Alexander Aleksandrovich Tukhanin through Horde, Krasnozersky, Karasuksky, Zdvinsky, Dovolensky, Kuibyshev. Barabinsk, Chanovsky and Vengerovsky districts, in everyone writing down on two - four reportings. We on wires sent ready reportings to Novosibirsk, on radio. And in the mornings tried to listen to themselves on air.

the Trip was pleasant to me. It opened for me before the unfamiliar world of the Siberian village, enriched with new impressions. Very much people, simple Siberians whom met on fields, in granaries were pleasant, repair masterskikhyu their Life was not easy, they had heavy, calloused hands, but clear and kind hearts. Communication with them spiritually cleared, loaded with optimism. On this trip it was succeeded to buy many good books, having laid the foundation to a private library. In the city of the book it was possible to buy only from speculators, and in the village in shops excellent editions sometimes met... If I was the bibliomaniac beginning, then Alexander Aleksandrovich was the real and old bibliologist. It acquired books very competently. Being guided thus by certain accurate criteria... In a word, I very much rejoiced to trip results... Zvuoperedvizhk`s

took me to Tatarsk from where I by train returned to Novosibirsk. To Tatarsk on replacement to me there arrived the correspondent of department of agricultural hanging Anatoly Barsukov. The spring harvest season proceeded....

Attention! On air Tomsk...

... At us it was already reported about the forthcoming opening in Moscow to the new Central radiotelephone station equipped with exclusively Russian forces and on the Russian materials.

27 and 29 of May in the evening from 9 to 11 h at this station interesting experiments were made. The concert consisting of several vocal numbers with accompaniment of a violin and grand pianos and solo performers - actors of the Nizhny Novgorod conservatory was transferred from N. Novgorod. Experiences surpassed all expectations.

of Raschityvalos that at tall masts in 150 meters range of action of radiotelephone station will be the most bigger 2000 versts. Meanwhile the experiments made in the most adverse time at small masts in 40 meters showed, as at cash of the real conditions, quite satisfactory audibility was at distance to 3500 versts. From Novonikolayevsk reported yesterday that there concert execution is heard.... Thus, the new radiotelephone station, besides the direct appointment will serve as fine propaganda means in the near future... The audience will hear the leaders. To ask questions on which immediately posleduyent the answer.

In general tests showed that the Russian radio engineering opens the new horizons very important for cultural life of the country and for its communication with other parts of the world...

" newspaper; Red banner Tomsk. April 10, 1922...

Broadcasting station in Tomsk... is under construction at polytechnic and soon it will be open...

" Magazine; Radio fan Moscow. No. 3, 1924 of

the Receiver is unsightly,

But roads and such.

In earphones whistle,

a crash, a roar, howl....

Diligent I tickle

Kristallik to conductings -

I of sounds leapfrog

In the receiver my

In live voices

I Change suddenly -

Really miracles, Tvorenye`s

of clever hands. do not bring

, a crystal!

strings of

antennas Removes International

Komintern ...

of the Chiming clock distant fight,

High words... I listen to

Ya. Moscow Talks to me

...

During civil war owing to the fact that telephone and cable communication in the country was destroyed all being available radio equipment and all frequencies were used only for a radio communication. However, for anything other also it could not be used then...

However, time went, the central and local authorities did not idle, the wire communication lines providing a better and reliable communication were restored, and a radio communication countrywide, except remote and deep, remote, areas became less actual.

Were released frequencies, the equipment was released. Experts were released. Experiments on radio telephony gradually became more and more regular and provided the growing quality. Hundreds of people were involved in a primitive radio amateurism - production of the elementary detector receivers. Was also much such who was capable to make also lamp. In the beginning for, relatives and friends, then and for sale. Personal interest in the fastest creation newspapers without paper and distances Lenin showed. Business remained for small: to begin regular broadcasting.

I in 1924 the Moscow broadcasting stations of Popov and Komintern began regular information and musical transfers.

that the broadcasting radio station is necessary in Novonikolayevsk in 1922 wrote in Narkompochtel Nikolay Romanovich Dozhdikov. The answer to this letter arrived unfavourable: the pier, is not present now either means or opportunities to open regional broadcasting in Siberia. But enthusiasts of a radiofikation of edge did not calm down. They continued to attract supporters in the ranks, carried away idea of construction of broadcasting station of heads of local departments. At last, for broadcasting joined Sibrevk in the person of legendary Robert Indrikovich Eykhe in fight. It happened in 1924. After that business moved off dead center. In the beginning at the level of decision-making and coordination. Next year to " joint-stock company; Broadcast the broadcasting " transmitter was ordered; Small Komintern Mikhail Aleksandrovich Bonch`s designs - Bruyevich.

on November 25, 1925 The Soviet Siberia published the interview of the chief of Siberian Federal District to communication V. V. Penchukov concerning the question interesting us...

Sibrevk in the final shape resolved a question of construction in Novonikolayevsk of broadcasting radiotelephone station.

the Ordered 4 kilowatts transmitter has appointment to serve Siberia as regional broadcasting station. Range of its action, according to instructions akts. About - va Broadcast it is guaranteed within 7 winter months at reception on the simple detector receiver at distance to 300 kilometers, and on the lamp receiver with the amplifier from 4 lamps reception on phone is possible to 1000 kilometers or on a loudspeaker - to 500 kilometers.

Under favorable conditions this range can be raised.

If the transmitter is planned to installation on the suburb of the city, then the studio is designed on the contrary in the center, in Lenin`s House. Premises of studio or the room with microphones will be connected to the radiotelephone transmitter the wire line.

can be connected by the Same line by an example of Moscow and Sibgosopera for transfer on radio of concerts and the whole operas... Property broadcasting to transfer

in all directions for unlimited number of radio receivers at once opens huge prospects for use of broadcasting for the benefit of the population of the city and, mainly, the village. Really, extremely a zkhamanchiv an opportunity, using long winter evenings, to attach the remote village to cultural life of the city and to give on Lenin`s precept on radio to the village the newspaper without paper and distances, clear and illiterate.

on the basis of the last year`s resolution of Sibrevkom we hope that the put basis of radio installation of telephones to Siberia will not stop on construction of broadcasting station only in Novonikolayevsk, but also all district cities of Siberia will accept and repetovat on an okruuga at means of transmitting devices transfer of Novonikolavevsky radiotelephone station, and in the near future it is possible also Moscow to hear... through the simplest and cheap reception equipment...

Siberians were lucky: still earlier such radio transmitter was ordered by residents of Sverdlovsk. But when it was already ready, Ural residents did not manage to redeem it - and Small Komintern it was sent to Novosibirsk. Before sending in Leningrad its tests were carried out. Responses to trial transfers of RV - 6 came from Germany and Siberia... In 1926 4 - the kilowatt broadcasting transmitter arrived to Novosibirsk. Decided to establish it on reception - the transferring radio center near station Altai, having freed for it the room... bathroom... Erected nearby 46 - the meter mast made of the logs connected together by wire skrutka. Lifted a mast winches all collective. Undertook handles of the winch the manager. radio station Iakinf Iakinfovich Nikonov, engineers Vladimir Alekseevich Petrov (who was earlier serving in Tomsk a radio division) and Lev Lvovich Doroshinsky who arrived from Moscow the engineer Zakharov, the same seamen are radio telegraphists, among krtory there were Ivan Andreevich Voronov, Mikhail Arkhipovich Sheptunov, Mikhail Petrovich Verbitsky. The mast was fixed by guys - Having established by extensions a mast, sat down on a porch to have a rest...

placed Radio studio on the fourth floor of the House of Lenin. The first Siberian RV broadcasting station - 6 to summer of 1926 was ready to work.

Beautiful name The First Siberian. truly?

K a regret as it is offensive for residents of Novosibirsk, definition The First in this name was not true. In reality the first, though absolutely low-power, working only for the city, broadcasting station in 1924 opened in Tomsk. It was created on the basis of Tomsk polytechnic by the student of a fizfak of Tomsk university, professor`s pupil (subsequently - the academician) Vladimira Dmitriyevimcha Kuznetsova, already to us the acquaintance Alexander Balakshin. By this time on Balakshin`s account there were many personal technical achievements. Still the boy he made detector and lamp receivers, reception - the transferring radiotelegraphic stations. Its first radio transmitter of spark type was on complexity a little more intricate, than the detector receiver. Rumkorf`s coil was the most important knot of the transmitter. The chain of its primary winding switched on the accumulator and the breaker - a cable key. The chain of a secondary winding included a rated sportsman from which there were wires to a counterbalance and the antenna... Part of details and knots Alexander made

. Hammers of old electrocalls went to a rated sportsman. Their sterzhenk inserted into insulators - glass tubes, were lowered in the sleeves of rifle cartridges attached by screws to an assembly board of the transmitter. Optimum distance between sleeves, that is, length and the greatest intensity of the spark category, it was necessary to define by practical consideration. The antenna was the elementary: the single vertical wire attached to a two-meter pole...

At last, everything is ready. The transmitter was required to be tested. In tests Alexander recruited the elder brother Boris. Alexander took seat for a desktop on which the transmitter was mounted. Boris in the neighboring room, having put on receiver earphones, listened attentively to air.

Sasha not without nervousness undertook a cable key.

I on all apartment sounded a voice of Boris who heard accurate signals:

- - Is! The transmitter works! Good fellow, brother! The father will come, we will tell him...

the Graduate of the Berlin polytechnical institute Sergey Aleksandrovich Balakshin working at that time as the associate professor of the Siberian institute of technology played an essential role in development and implementation of the program of GOELRO....

Alexander Balakshin was the radio fan registered in the international organization, regularly contacted on air correspondents in the different countries.

Should make small retreat to explain from where I have information on Balakshin.

From him.

For the first time I met it in Moscow in 1978 when passed the last examination of a candidate minimum - in the specialty. Having passed examination, I was invited to an evening meeting with veterans of broadcasting and a radiofikation in educational television station of faculty of journalism. The gray-haired, very elegant and beautiful person in the old age - Alexander Sergeyevich Balakshin was one of participants of this meeting just also. It was the godsend. I, naturally, after official part, approached it, it was presented, told about the interest in history of the Siberian broadcasting, took the address and phone... Then often called him from Novosibirsk, asked questions, he very in detail answered, and I very accurately behind it wrote down... Then, having taken filings of Tomsk newspapers of the corresponding period, specified some dates and circumstances - and now I can tell about Balakshin so as if I was near it during a time of his childhood and youth...

Once the senior friend of Balakshin student Boris Golubkov - (one more baby bird Kuznetsovsky nests) - - got the scheme of the single-tube regenerative receiver and presented it then still to the school student Sasha Balakshin. That had a desire to manufacture the receiver. Golubkov presented to Sasha a radio tube and the condenser of variable power.

- - From where it, Boris Andreevich?

- - Imagine, exchanged in the market at the man who in the eighteenth pulled down these pieces at one Frenchman. And why they - also did not guess. And we - that know what they suit for... Take - and that in a month the receiver was ready! However the radio tube and the condenser presented by Golubkov until the end of business did not solve

. Much still lacked. And, such things which and that there was no place to get-...

Let`s say with the coil of special problems was not. Sasha learned to count diameter of the coil and quantity of rounds in it. The wire of the necessary section appeared near at hand - and the coil was manufactured in one day. Having drilled nests in a plate, Sasha manufactured the panel for a lamp. Installed a lamp in the panel, with the help of copper wires and plates drew conclusions of an anode chain and a chain of heat.

Here - that also rose the main problem: what to feed these chains with? Sources of a direct current, two rechargeable batteries of different power were necessary...

- Nothing will leave, - - the schoolmate sympathizing Sasha in his radio amateur hobby, the friend and the namesake Alexander Kalashnikov regretted. - In the afternoon with ognm you will not find accumulators. Balakshin and it knew

. But there was no wish to leave dream. In Balakshin`s imagination the receiver was already built and perfectly worked...

- - Should find plates. - he to the namesake introduced the happy idea. - We will make accumulators.

Was necessary to go to Golkbkov.

Having listened to children, Golubkov unexpectedly exclaimed:

- - Is lucky you, devils! The electro laboratory of our faculty disassembles old accumulators. Lead plates, though worked a little to you will quite fit....

made forms Of plaster and filled in them with lead, having melted the plates taken at institute. So received electrodes of the necessary form and the size for the accumulators. Glasses for them made of rectangular vodka shkalik. Having wrapped up a bottle a nikhromovy wire, included it in a network. When the wire was heated, dripped on a bottle water. With a smack glass burst - and samodelkina received a glass of the necessary form and size. In a glass established lead plates, filled it with electrolyte - the divorced sulfuric acid. For safety from above covered with the plate which is stuck together from paraffin, having provided in it an opening for removal of gases and addition of electrolyte. Such accumulators made forty. Put them closely one to another in specially made box, connected consistently. Also received an excellent source of a direct current of 80 volts for food of an anode chain of a lamp. In a similar way manufactured also the battery for food of a chain of heat...

Connected all wires... Having grabbed on the earphone, vslushivalatsya attentively...

In earphones were heard the sounds reminding a water dropping from the crane...

- - Eureka! - Balakshin exclaimed. - Still additional resistance is necessary. - Now we will draw it!

Having cut a copper connecting wire in one place, it attached its ends to an assembly board at some distance one from another. Then took a simple pencil and drew directly on a board several lines a soft slate pencil, having connected the broken-off chain. In earphones there was a characteristic hissing and when Sasha turned the handle of the condenser of variable capacity, the morse code fraction became absolutely accurately heard.

Sasha began to decipher quickly transferred signs.

- - the German station caught - Nauen, he explained to the namesake. - Time is transferred...

- - Ur, works! We catch the abroad. Hurrah!...

B 1923 Sasha Balakshin already slushl lectures of world-wide recognized scientist - professor Kuznetsov, being a student of office of radiophysics of a Tomsk physical mat.

Imitating the mentor, Sasha, unlike many students - kosovorotochnik, walked always in a strict suit, at a tie... Sasha became the frequenter of university laboratory where days without a break made experiments and made various radio sets. Once it repaired Kuznetsova belonging personally and the failed Rumkorf`s coil which professor very much valued. At lecture Vladimir Dmitriyevich expressed gratitude to the student. After that easy access to the most rare and expensive devices of physical laboratory was allowed it.

to increase teaching level, Kuznetsov quite often invited to Tomsk for lecturing of scientists and experts from other cities. The Moscow engineers Kanashinsky and Holodkovsky gave to Tomsk students lectures on bases of radio engineering, the theory of cathodic lamps and hollow devices... The military engineer from the radio division of Red army billeted in Tomsk Vladimir Alekseevich Petrov acted with lecture on history of radio inventions. Sasha absorbed knowledge as a sponge...

Came day when he understood that he is quite capable to design a broadcasting radio transmitter... He addressed the director of polytechnic Ivan Dmitriyevich Pletnev with the relevant proposal, met the interested understanding. The director provided the room under the transmitter and for broadcasting studio. Sasha Balakshin, being still a student, became at the same time regular teacher of radio engineering in polytechnic.

In laboratory economy of polytechnic Alexander did not find anything from the things reminding radio components. Having sighed, dragged personal rather poor stocks in the semi-basement allocated to it. Then went with a cap in hand to military.

gave it still the pre-war detector of " plant Here; Robtit French three-lamp amplifier of low frequency Triter heterodyne of a design of the Kazan radio base and two couples of headphones (earphones) of the English firm Brown ....

- - It you have to compensate property of Red army by something... I have no

- - But anything...

- - In exchange you have to prepare ten radio telegraphists for Red army...

- - agrees To such exchange!

the First point in technical school poyavilps reception - the transferring radio station by means of which Alexander compensated the debt to a radio battalion, and, even with search: prepared 15 people, having taught them to accept qualitatively aurally and to work at a key...

Without fail for all students of polytechnic got a job excursions in Balakshin`s radio laboratory, it gave a course of lectures on radio engineering. And those who showed a particular interest and tsposobnost were attracted to a voluntary in radio laboratory.

at the beginning of 1924 Balakshin made the decision: he will construct radiotelephone - - broadcasting station. Shared idea with professor Kuznetsov, that supported undertaking, having allowed to dispose of property of university radio laboratory. Golubkov found on a dump spoiled by a dynamo - the car. Repaired it and provided to Balakshin as a source of a direct current for food of anode chains of glow lamps. Together with Golubkovym Balakshin pulled the antenna between buildings of polytechnic and the Palace of science.

A lot of time left on installation of chains, equipment of radio studio, in particular on getting of furniture, a grand piano, a record player... Then test of knots of the transmitter, checking of its parameters began...

the Transmitter had the wavelength of 3000 meters and absolutely small output power - 10 watts.

But who will listen to broadcasts?

In March, 1924 Balakshin organized a circle of radio fans at polytechnic. Both students and any passers-by entered it. They learned to make detector and lamp radio receivers.

was decided to carry out the First broadcast in April, 1924, having dated it for birthday of Lenin.

In the " newspaper; Red banner there was an announcement:

Skilled transfer to radiotelephone station of polytechnic of Timiryazev!

For the first time Siberian rathe diostantion declared the broadcast.

Came the appointed day. Exactly at 13 hours 50 minutes Balakshin included a knife switch. Began to work with a dynamo - the car, heating anodes of radio tubes. In the headphones which were deafly silent up to this point adjusted on a wave of 3000 meters of fifteen amateur receivers, reception stations of Tomskpochtel and a radio battalion appeared characteristic " sand;. And suddenly:

- - Hallo, hallo, attention! On air Tomsk! On a wave of 3000 meters " radio station; TPT Tomsk polytechnic of Timiryazev. We begin our first transfer. In our program: radio newspaper, radio concert, report of companion Balakshin Progress of radio news of radio, radio consultation... -

proceeded Two hours the first transfer. All this time Alexander stayed in nervousness. But everything passed smoothly, including its own report.

Soon after transfer her few listeners came running in technical school to congratulate the pioneer of Tomsk broadcasting...

- - And that now you are going to undertake, Alexander Sergeyevich, one of radio fans, his pupil asked the young master.

- - the Immediate task such: to increase the output power of the transmitter at least by 15 times...