It was loved by Gumilev, Blok idolized, Pasternak made the heroine. And who was chosen by her?
reigned on February 9, 1926 in literary circles of Moscow awful confusion. Writers and poets wandered as restless about the Publishing house and quietly exchanged words among themselves. All were struck by news of death of one of the most talented writers and poets - Larisa Mikhaylovny Reysner. Fifteen years ago, in the middle of 1910 - x years, she was considered as one of the first beauties of the Russian capital. And her friend of youth, Vadim Andreyev, the son of the writer Leonid Andreyev, remembered: “ There was no man who would pass by, without having noticed it, and every third - the statistics precisely established by me - rushed into the earth a column and looked following while we did not disappear in crowd “. And inconsolable Mikhail Koltsov continually repeated, how in a delirium: “ Why was to die to Larisa, a magnificent, rare, perfect human copy? “.
Cold, unattainable star?
Today, after a release of the movie about Kolchak a lot of talk on Anna Timireva goes, but to be fair it is necessary to tell that the gallant general could not count even on a benevolent look of Larisa Reysner, not to offer it something similar to courting. It was unattainable for it as a far and cold star.
Though about it, unlike Lu von Salome, it was impossible to tell in any way that she is a touchy person. So, in 1916, they got acquainted in a vegetable marrow “ Stray dog “ or “ Halt of comedians “ with Nikolai Gumiljow. The electric spark which ran between them was such powerful that already next day, they, having joined hands, went in “ brothel “ on Pea feverishly to break the friend from the friend clothes. She named him Gafiz, it her are Leri. Several days later Gumilev who absolutely went mad from passion suggested Larisa to become his wife. He was sure for two hundred percent that she will tell: “ Yes “ but this “ Valkyrie of revolution “ smiled also tone, peremptory, said resolute “ Is not present “.
Did not pass also one and a half years as late autumn evening on October 25, 1917 she said even more resolute “ Yes “ when saw in the opinion of goal-scorers of the cruiser “ Aurora “ mute question: “ And whether it is worth opening fire at the Winter Palace moreover single volleys? “. In the opinion of this fury in a leather jacket they saw such thunders and lightnings that the legendary shot thundered, having given a signal to change of eras in the territory of 1/6 globe. to them did not get
of What?Larisa was born
in the Polish city of Lublin on May 13, 1895 where at local university the father taught it - professor is right Mikhail Andreevich Reysner. However, both the name and a middle name were Russified as the father was the German Jew and initially could not bear the Russian name. And here mother - the hereditary noblewoman Ekaterina Aleksandrovna Hitrova - came from an ancient Russian sort and had the relative to the field marshal Kutuzov.
When Larisa was 10 years old, the family moved to St. Petersburg where the progressive father decided to be engaged suddenly in approach of bright future for the simple people. And, not in words, and in practice - the same year he entered RSDRP that was a great luck for revolutionaries, such powerful figures in sotsiat - the democratic movement then there was not so much.
Reysnera lodged on the St. Petersburg party and could not complain of disorder of life. Mother was rather rich, the father had quite good earnings so the house did not refuse in anything to children. Pravda, and Larisa, and her younger brother Igor, least of all paid attention to wealth. Children, as well as the father, were keen on ideas of general justice. Their beliefs did not prevent them to study well: Larisa ended D. T. Prokofieva`s gymnasium, known in St. Petersburg, with a gold medal and entered the Psychoneurological institute. In parallel she attended lectures on history of political doctrines in Sankt - the St. Petersburg university.
In the same place, at university worked “ Circle of poets “ where the leading roles were played by Lev Nikulin, Osip Mandelstam and Vsevolod Rozhdestvensky. Larisa struck them with the verses in decadent spirit, and already in the following, 1913, her literary debut in the almanac " took place; Dogrose “ where its drama " was published; Atlantis “. the Russian Madonna
It the period of the highest creative take-off was
. Larisa not just wrote verses, she even threatened on “ William of our Shakespeare “ the two-volume book " which appeared the same year; Female images of Shakespeare “ was highly appreciated enough not only among students, but also among teachers of university.
But the most important that Mikhail Andreevich believed that from his daughter “ it is performed “ rather talented creative person, and therefore he agreed to the proposal of the daughter to issue the oppositional magazine with very speaking name - “ Rudin “. The first number appeared in 1915 and had pronounced anti-war character.
As I already told - Larisa was considered as one of the most beautiful young women of St. Petersburg. The artist Vasily Yakovlevich Shukhayev who from Reysner painted the picture " did not resist her charm; Mona Lisa of the XX century “.
In the same 1915 Larisa got acquainted in Kronstadt with the head of the organization of Bolsheviks on the Baltic Fleet Fedor Fedorovich Raskolnikov. And though then this acquaintance had no special continuation - the handsome man - the sailor obviously knew the own worth. However, according to other version it was hopelessly in love with the ardent revolutionary Aleksandra Kollontay who did not reciprocate to it …
the Single shot
meanwhile, also her younger brother who became the active member of RSDRP grew up and even became Dmitry Manuilsky`s secretary, the deputy - the Bolshevik in the Petrograd Duma. After February bourgeois revolution Larisa Reysner began to support Bolsheviks even more actively. On the one hand - it had so much energy that literally was not sat by it in place, with another - she very much wanted “ to defeat “ Fedora Raskolnikova, because he became in fact the first man who refused to her. Before the option always was behind it …
But there is no such fortress which Bolsheviks could take! Soon Larisa began to be even more often in a staff of the Baltic Fleet where face to face faced object of the passion. She solved so: if he cannot fall in love in me with the woman, so let will fall in love with the adherent.
Soon “ red goddess “ became the irreplaceable person on fleet. If the turmoil (there was no wish to be at war for working business to everyone) on the ship somewhere was started or to barracks sent by all means Larisa. She was able to inspire: when smile, and when, on the contrary, barefaced rigidity.
And on “ Aurora “ not incidentally sent it. Purely psychologically calculated that any sailor will not refuse to such beautiful woman …
After a victory of a socialist revolution Raskolnikov and Reysner did not leave. They were wound on fronts of Civil war, and unlike the husband, Larisa did not know defeats. Once it managed to face one of idols of the youth - the terrorist No. 1 Boris Savinkov. So it developed that he ordered troops which defended Kazan. And in attack they were conducted by the woman - the commissioner Larisa Reysner. Sailors as Jolly-boat hot-water bottle “ tore “
A defending … here at Raskolnikov affairs went not so successfully. In - the first, he found in Larisa`s cabin of undressed Lev Trotsky once and the bed was not tidied up. And in - the second, the military leader from him turned out, to put it mildly, not really successful. Though everything began just fine: in June, 1920 he was appointed the commander of the Baltic Fleet, and a month later he persuaded to appoint the chief of a political department of BF of the father-in-law - Mikhail Aleksandrovich Reysner. But on March 1, 1921 in Kronstadt counter-revolutionary rebellion broke out, Fedor Fedorovich lost a position and was sent to Afghanistan by the ambassador. Soon the spouse also joined it.
What did not turn out at the husband was compensated with interest by the beauty the wife. Afghanistan which long time was under the English influence and transferred people in gangs of basmatches needed to be turned urgently facing Russia. And as the emir was literally obedient beauty of the Russian first lady, he put a lot of effort to settle the relations between two countries. On pain of death he urged all Afghans to come back from gangs, and was soon signed sovetsko - the Afghan treaty of peace.
However, Larisa was “ stuffy “ in Afghanistan. She escaped to Moscow that “ to pull out “ from Kabul Raskolnikov. And instead he received by mail the certificate … about divorce. In Moscow of Reysner was fond of Karl Radek, the brilliant journalist and one of the leading bolshevitsky politicians.
Their happiness proceeded not for long. Once to a holiday table at Reysnerov eclairs were given. Nobody could assume that milk on which dough was made contained causative agents of a typhoid. All got sick, except the father who did not love some sweet and did not touch cakes. Mother and the brother Igor managed to get out, and here Larisa died. Mother was on duty at a bed of the sick daughter to the last. She could not endure her death and committed suicide soon after Larisa`s funeral.
The father lived after that only two years and died in 1928 at the age of 60 years. Raskolnikov in 1938 was declared “ enemy of the people “ became the defector, on September 12, 1939 died in the French Nice by hand of the Soviet security officer. And for several months before in a torture chamber of People`s Commissariat for Internal Affairs it was shot “ conspirator, spy of all foreign intelligence services “ Karl Radek. It is easy to present what would expect Larisa Reysner, live she to “ firing “ 1937 …
A so it remained not only forever in memory of all who knew it, but also the main character of two not latest works. It was immortalized Vsevolod Vishnevsky in the “ Optimistic tragedy “ and Boris Pasternak in “ Doctor Zhivago “. And in works of Blok adoring it is not present yes will appear its light image …