Who such Jacques Callot? The engraver of an era of musketeers of
Jacques Callot`s Creativity, the master of etchings, - first of all a window in the 17th century, time of cabins - musketeers and not limited power of the kings inclined to theatrical exercises. And also time of the pan-European wars for “ inheritance “ and ingenuous fans of the commedia dell`arte.
Jacques Callot who was born in 1592 - the m (or 93 - m) (Lorraine) in fifteen years was sent to year by the father in pupils to the goldsmith to Nancy. And then - study and work in Rome, in Florence, development of secrets of an engraving, registration of performances and holidays at court of Medici. In 1621 Callot returns home and becomes the court artist of the duke Lotharingian Charles IV.
Two main directions - art of graphics and skill of the theatrical decorator - also generated unique handwriting of Callot, created his art space where theater - not the special show occurring in the place allocated for it, and a way of existence and communication with world around. The senior contemporary Callot, the inhabitant of Albion Shakespeare who told " was a hundred times right; the whole world - theater … “ and further in the text.
The images embodied by Callot are symbolical: these are, on the one hand, characters of the commedia dell`arte famous for all, but with another - the defects of society hidden under rough masks - money-making, eagerness to fight, bribability, poverty. And nobody is deceived by deliberate theatricality of compositions - a stage, a curtain; Callot`s heroes quit the stage and are dissolved in crowd of gapers, becoming same as they, “ simple people “. It is no wonder that war, in Callot`s representation, too game which has the viewer: on a tree, it is dense “ decorated “ hanged men, the surrounding crowd looks through the missing yawn as if on a prolonged playlet.
Callot`s characters are figures of domolyerovsky theater. Yet the subtle irony, difficult dramatic art, the unexpected scenario courses has no price. Still game at the level of a body - backs are kowtowed, otklyachivatsya for greater laughter, slaps in the face are distributed. Grotesque and a vulgarshchina - the language clear to street crowd.
Even in such, apparently, initial work, as “ St. Anthony`s Temptation “ the master does not change the manner: rocks represent an arch - a proscenium, Lucifer soars over the events as if suspended on a rope, the gun grows from a nose of the devil suddenly (hi to Bosch who has a jeer and horror too - nearby).
Jacques Callot`s creativity - the weighty fragment of marble thrown into the lake of the European art. On the circles which dispersed from a stone even such masters (quite self-sufficient, we will notice) as Hoffman and Goya shook. The writer called the first book “ Imaginations in Callot`s manner “ and the artist gave bow to the predecessor, having given the series of etchings the name which is already used two centuries before Callot - “ Disasters of war “.
Skill of the engraver - great work, the anthem of assiduity, to a straight eye and a firm hand. Thousands of shtrishk will be done by a needle on the acidproof varnish applied on a metal plate. In these grooves acid which will etch metal will be filled in, forever having left in it the master`s plan. Prints will disperse worldwide...
Whether Callot thought of destiny of the works in four centuries? And we, today`s, can tell about it Hoffman`s words: “ Why, the daring expert, I cannot take away a look from your exotic fantastic leaves? “