What gifts were prepared for us by spring flora?
Spring! Ice lace of the earth changes on blossoming of snowdrops, buds of trees are dismissed, the gentle foliage and a magnificent green grass appears. It is the special and unique period of a celebration of flora: every day the new plant blossoms. After snow descends, in the nature many paints and shades appear.
The unique charm of an early-spring landscape as though is drawn with water color paints. The earth becomes covered by fresh greens and pestret in the flowers of a yellow buttercup and is gentle - pink cuckoo color.
The willow meets by elegant silvery ear rings spring. Velvet, fluffy rudiments of its future inflorescences do not pay attention to an icy cold and remind that soon in the nature there will come time of big changes. From cones of a fir-tree seeds begin to get enough sleep. Small brown wings with black sunflower seeds, slowly rotating, fall by the earth where the got hungry titmouses wait for them.
In March days the sun quickly banishes a night frost and warms air. On edges and hillocks the first thawed patches appear, here it is possible to see emerald mosses and the wintered leaves of cowberry and other plants. Wakes up, the river comes to life, spreads in breadth, flooding coastal zones. From - under waters tops of bushes and small stalks are seen.
Golden sparks mother - and - stepmothers - one of the first spring flowers presented to us by the nature. Life of this plant begins with blossoming at once, and leaves appear only in several weeks. Sheets at mother - and - stepmothers large and wide, their top party absolutely smooth and cold to the touch, and lower - soft and warm. Therefore the plant received the name mother - and - the stepmother: the warm party symbolizes maternal caress, and cold - the severe stepmother. Interesting feature mother - and - stepmothers are the fact that it does not love the neighbourhood of other plants therefore it magnificently expands only on naked grounds.
Trees stand without leaves, but on the earth lilac flowers of a crested bird of Galler with very pleasant smell already appear. This flower fructifies before all: flowers turn into greenish fruits which reveal and from them to get enough sleep brilliant black seeds. Yellow asterisks of an anemony lyutikovy and a chistyaka spring - photophilous plants therefore they hurry to be born, so far trees did not manage to get foliage and in the wood still light-. These plants blossom not for long, quickly turn yellow and dry up, and in the earth, till next spring there is a rhizome.
Gently - pink small florets of a forest bush “ wolf bast “ remind a lilac. It seems that florets are pasted on a branch as they have no small stalks of pedicels. From these flowers in the middle of the summer ripen brightly - red beautiful berries, but they, as well as all other parts of this plant, are poisonous. Name of this plant very interesting. Bush bark strong, it is heavy to break a branch - the present “ bast “. And “ wolf “ because bark has very burning taste, besides, it is poisonous.
When snow will descend, on suburbs of fields and roads small stalks with a cone on top appear - it is a horsetail field. Horsetails - small grassy plants, they were very rich with types hundreds millions years ago, but now them there were no more than 25 types. Beautiful blue, blue, white and violet flowers of a coppice noble (pechenochnoyets) blossom very much early. They distinctly are seen on a spring lawn from a green moss and the wintered plants.
Not only on a forest edge and in an oak grove, but also on a bog it is possible to meet surprises of the spring nature. The marsh myrtle awakens marsh life. A set snowy - white small flowers as if are suspended to a branch, they are similar to hand bells, but have no smell. Leaves of a marsh myrtle do not fall down for the winter, and only change the color. In the spring, brown, dried up, they turn green and are smoothed.
At a medunitsa on the same plant flowers of different coloring: from rozovato - crimson to vasilkovo - blue. Besides over time they change the color. There is it from - for the fact that the petal of a flower contains dye - antotsian. If to add acid to it - color becomes pink, alkalis - blue. At the beginning of blossoming in cages of a medunitsa there is more acid, and at the end - alkalis, on it there is also a coloring change. Except a medunitsa flowers of a forget-me-not, bruise ordinary and a comfrey are recoloured.
Some species of mushrooms wake up in the early spring. For example, a strochok which has a bizzare shape: the voluminous, blown-up hat of irregular shape on very short leg, or a morel with the hat similar to egg. Over dry, last year`s foliage the mushroom " rises; smorchkovy hat “ with the hat covered with twisting folds.
On very damp meadows and wet lowlands among water bunches brightly - yellow spring flowers of a kaluzhnitsa marsh grow. As though the nature placed small bouquets among water. The name of a plant comes from the word “ Kaluga “ what means “ " dirt; or “ bog “. A beautiful flower of a kaluzhnitsa marsh poisonous, its stalks and leaves cause poisoning in cattle.
In the middle of spring the nature comes to life, trees become covered by greens, the bird cherry blossoms. Its aroma is felt from far away, snowy - white petals very quickly fade and fall down on the earth as if snow. And here the oak blossoms late as its escapes to be afraid of frosts, the oak blossoms imperceptibly, its flowers small and ordinary-looking. Each flower is a little more than pin head.