Rus Articles Journal

Gipsy or duchess? It is a little about moves of

what the family will only not go to hide estimated disgrace! Even on other disgrace: to open a grave to measure stones of the dead. To prove that they are not proportional at all to those which are imprinted in a nudity.

But the grave was ruined. For a long time there passed Napoleonic troops...

To make exhumation in the 20th century of a body of the great-great-grandmother of the glorified sort - it means that the question also really was important for successors. Point of honor.

Makho is the man and of a move - the woman - the Spanish words, the designating certain phenomenon in the Spanish society. Makho is not the macho in modern understanding at all. Though to the Spanish men (and to women) was not to occupy pride always. Moves spoke Castilian language, sported in national clothes while the nobility preferred the French fashion. Men from the lower classes of society self-expressed in some breterstvo, to interest in arts and attention to the clothes. Almost dandies of the time, only on the contrary: with interest in national color.

The townswomen living in the Madrid rather poor craft quarters were called by moves. Temperamental, seductive, derisive, proud and independent moves became a symbol of the Spanish woman. A move could be the Gipsy, the recent provincial, the woman of free customs, the courtesan. Became a favourite image of artists and musicians ( Moves on a balcony Move and nightingale ) .

And the Spanish aristocracy had no objection to play in demotic . High-native grandees with courteous manners chose the object for imitation. And the object lived in poor and unsafe urban areas.

Who was represented by the Spanish artist Francisco Goya (1746 - 1828) in image bared moves - a subject of disputes till today. But it was supposed that the girlfriend (and, by hearsay, the beloved) the duchess Alba. The duchess bearing a proud and difficult name Maria del Pilar Teresa Cayetana de Silva and Alvares de Toledo , was a fan of muses, helped the artist with studio, posed. But, naturally, about a nudity and the speech could not go - the nude female body was strictly forbidden.

One more riddle - the glorified pictures two: a move dressed and a move undressed. A cloth on hinges, it is possible to cast away as the read page, and to cover nakedness. After death of the duchess both pictures were in the house the prime minister - the minister of Spain Manuel Godoya, by nickname Prince of Peace . Was shown to one guests a move dressed, and especially entrusted naked opened a move. Not surprisingly: the image of a naked female body was strictly forbidden in Spain, inquisition stood guard. To all other it is considered that it in general the first image of a nude female body in the history of art out of allegories. Not the goddess, not a symbol - just the woman.

O F. The remarkable novel of L. Feykhtvanger " is written to Goya; Goya, or heavy way of knowledge . But the further difficult destiny of a picture is interesting. In the middle of the 20th century the Spanish post service released brands with the image a move. Even especially religious country already quite accepted these pictures. But letters with these brands were not passed in the USA, moves were already under a ban other country.

Now both pictures are national property of Spain, pride of a collection of the well-known museum of Prado.

And what moves? Citizens and townswomen changed together with the time. But kept in themselves the national originality. And even the word remained, in " value; nice though not often meets.

And it is unimportant whom was this young nude woman - the Catalan paysanne, the Gipsy or, really, the omnipotent duchess Alba. She felt as the duchess. Both in a picture, and in life.