What lesson taught Niccolo Machiavelli`s mankind? He wrote
about generosity and avarice, about cruelty and mercy, about those qualities for which people, and especially sovereigns, praise or blame, that sovereigns have to avoid hatred and contempt, that human passions are identical,
several hours prior to death he had a dream that they neglect lessons of history … and told the short story that rejected the poor in spirit, agreed to go to hell and to interpret there the states with noble souls - he to the last gasp argued in thoughts with the monk burning Plutarch, Platon, Aristotle, Virgil, Ovidiya`s books in “ clarification fires “ dreaming of equality, a brotherhood, good and justice for all in society with restriction of freedoms...
Whether you know that think of the Florentine politician and the philosopher of Renaissance Niccolo Machiavelli repeatedly were confirmed by the course of historical events at various times in the states with tyrannical board in which fight led to falling of a monarchic absolutism and establishment of the republics. And especially the XX century - a century of cruelty and crimes against humanity of fascism and Stalinism justified its ideas of the power of tyranny.
He put in the center of the researches of the person with his interests, passions, requirements as he and warned the direct participant of any political process mankind that “ … all incidents of the world have always the corresponding relations with those which already passed. It occurs because all human affairs are managed by people who had and will always have the same passions and therefore they inevitably have to yield identical results “.
His thought warned mankind that studying history have to be able to draw from it conclusions that in all states and all people have same aspirations and passions that the human nature is invariable that the tyrannical power develops the worst of human passions: appearance of small tyrants and their envy to large, greed and thirst of domination, aspiration for intrigues. It defined that the people which submissively for many years suffered tyranny are the people corrupted, which lost courage, aspiration to freedom, honesty, independence, patriotism.
He not only warned, but also accused the power setting the mode of tyranny and turning the people of the country in corrupted, ready to obediently serve any misters, to be on sale, play the hypocrite and to bribe: “ The examples represented by ancient historians prove how hard to the people which got used to live under the tyrannical power, to keep then freedom if it even got it in some case …, and it is clear because such people no other than a rough animal who though it is furious and wild, but is raised in prison and in slavery “.
He taught a lesson to mankind, but it did not believe his reasonings and decided that it is possible “ an iron hand to give mankind fortunately “ having destroyed a private property, having replaced operation of the person by the person with operation of the person by the state, having set the tyrannical mode of dictatorship of one party. And again, in many years the Florentine monk spreading morals, general equality with restriction of freedoms to the Florentine secretary condemning the mode of suppression of freedoms and those governors, which, " lost; having personal glory, became tyrants “.
But life taught a lesson and to the Florentine philosopher. Seeking to return to the yard and to get rid of poverty, he wrote the well-known Maxims (advice) to sovereigns in which told how by means of cunning, cruelty, cynical deception, demagogy, fear, encouragement and other means it is possible to keep, expand and strengthen the absolute power.
This work aroused indignation at governors: one accused him of aspiration to expose the mode of an absolutism of the power, others in unprecedented cynicism. He tried to collect the printed copies and to destroy them, but also here it did not turn out …
four hundred years Later after writing “ Sovereign “ in strange Turukhansky lands the exiled Bolshevik Iosif Dzhugashvili will read Machiavelli`s compositions published in imperial time, in the sixties the XIX century, doing marks on pages. He will well acquire Maxims of the Florentine secretary and will write about the governor “ Let are afraid better, than love “. In 1934. it will be, grinning, to read Lev Kamenev`s preface to the first volume of compositions of Machiavelli - the second volume will not be.
“ Successor “ Lenin`s affairs for the statement of an absolutism of party will be successfully realized by thought of the sworn enemy Lev Trotsky: “ Revolutionary domination of the proletariat is impossible without party with indisputable internal discipline which cannot go to blocks with any other socialist organizations “. A conclusion of Machiavelli about superiority of public interests over state he will ignore
there Will pass four hundred fifty years from the moment of writing of lines: “ The worst slavery is imposed by the state … “ and in the Soviet society of one-party tyranny will find confirmation of thought of Machiavelli on slavery and lawlessness, established by oppression of the state.
Do not forget about Machiavelli`s lesson, do not come on same “ history " rake; choose worthy to yourself governors according to a maximum programme of Aristotle: “ For ability it is necessary to dominate not only virtue of the citizen, but also virtue of the person because powerful has to be it is moral made “.
Protect the life and live happily.