Rus Articles Journal

Whether you know corset history?

the Corset (from the French word corps - a body) are special clothes for improvement of a figure. As the ideal of a female figure changed over time, in parallel with it also the corset form changed. It was wide as the bathing suit, narrow as the belt, raised a breast or did it absolutely flat.

at the beginning of the history the corset looked as a lacing which intended for support of a bust, such corset it is possible to see already at the antique people. At that time it were leather belts, they were worn under a tunic on a breast or under a breast. Greeks and Romans very much highly appreciated a slim figure and a slender waist, and considered completeness as a sign of obscenity and cure for love . At Romans corsets were produced from fabric.

In the period of the Gothic style breed of a corset became complicated. Thanks to iron and wooden whetstones which placed between chest glands the corset corrected natural shortcomings of a figure. It was laced up behind, sideways and in front. To women this element of clothes helped to look tempting and attractively. But not each woman was able to afford to carry a corset as its price was very big. Men carried corsets too, they used them as a security measure from swords of enemies. The man`s corset imitated an armor, was made of metal, sometimes of skin, and closed all trunk. From the second half of the 15th century female corsets began to make of skin with metal bars. In a corset did openings for access of air to a body, when tightening a corset of edge of these openings crashed into skin and brought to women awful tortures.

In the middle of the 16th century the church proclaims women a fiend, the Spanish yard builds a flat figure in a cult. Women had to put on the Spanish corsets from a difficult metal design with steel bolts, such dress impressively weighed and resembled the real lats. In the 16th century in Spain by means of a corset the female breast became absolutely flat, the clothes deformed a body. To girls for the night on a thorax imposed lead boards in order that the breast did not develop. From the middle of the 17th century the breast comes back to raise custom again, doing it magnificent. Now the corset is made of silk, the atlas and lace, decorated with an embroidery and feathers.

The famous French queen of fashions Ekaterina Medici entered the standard of a grasp of a waist which made 33 centimeters. Women who then tried to correspond to fashion endowed health as when carrying a corset the strong pressure upon internals was put, the corset squeezed a liver, a stomach, kidneys and broke blood circulation. At victims fashions began problems with digestion and reproductive function. Doctors said that four of five women die from - for carrying a corset.

Corsets were put on not only in the West, but also in the east. The Indian dancers bayader carried corsets which met requirements of health and at the same time improved a female figure. Their corsets were made of bark of a Madagascar tree and had corporal color (therefore sometimes it seemed that the breast is naked). Elasticity of such corset did not complicate breath. Bayadera never removed a corset, even slept in it.

During a baroque era, a corset with a crinoline was a dress basis, it began to be made of fabric and flexible baleen. The English corset was laced up behind, and French - in front. In the period of baroque the main purpose of a corset - creation of a narrow waist. After the French bourgeois revolution (1789) the corset some time was not put on. The fashion was affected by hobby for antiquity, and an ideal become Greco - the Roman dresses with the prevailing simplicity. Since 1810 the corset comes back to fashion again, and his not simple seamstresses, but korsetnik sew, and since 1820 industrial production of this type of clothes begins.

In 70 - 80 years of the 19th century fight for change of women`s clothing increases in wide scales. In England there is society Aesthetic movement who opposes deformation of a female body. In 20 years of the 20th century the direct corset which not so strongly deformed a figure as his predecessors was created. In 1903, the Frenchwoman, the woman - the doctor of the Parisian medical academy Gosh Saro, divided a corset into two parts: top - a bra, and lower - a belt. In 1905 the famous Parisian fashion designer Poire offered a women`s dress without corset.

Corsets were often subject to criticism. Scientists - hygienists call a corset the torture tool. Napoleon noted that the corset is clothes for coquettes with bad taste, he warned that this type of clothes causes mutilations of descendants, and called a corset the murderer of the human race. The French king Charles X did not like women in corsets at all, he often said what earlier in France could be met Vener, Dian, and now here only wasps .

Once the famous French naturalist Georges Kyuvye walked outdoors with the girl in a corset, he saw in her the real victim of fashion. When the girl admired a fragrant flower, Georges told that earlier she reminded him this flower, and tomorrow this flower will remind her. Next day they approached besides to a flower, that considerably got out of the natural color and a shape. The girl was surprised how the flower could wither so quickly! Georges Kyuvye explained to her that this flower - an image of girls and women in corsets which fade from tightening of the body. It showed to the companion a thread which tied up on walk a stalk to a fine flower yesterday. Also warned the girl that she will wither the same as this flower, gradually losing charm of youth if does not cease to carry dangerous clothes.

Presently the corset often appears on podiums and television screens. But doctors warn that corsets break breath, blood circulation and digestion. Modern women of fashion need to remember that the corset has to meet the requirements of medical science and an esthetics.