How the Russian noblewoman Olga Lepeshinskaya for 34 years of life could become the winner of four Stalin awards?
B Kiev, gold from autumn leaves, on September 28, 1916 to Vasily and Maria Lepeshinskikh`s family the daughter called by the beautiful Russian name Olga was born. The family endured revolution and civil war rather quietly and when in the country started elimination of ruin, the girl`s father, the talented engineer building still Chinese - East railroad, was demanded by the new power as the specialist in design of bridges. Hereditary noblemen Lepeshinsky in postrevolutionary Russia did not concern repression and periodic “ cleanings being “. Olga`s grandfather was the known narodovolets, and the cousin uncle lived in exile together with Lenin - whether it is not the best indulgence in the twenties.
Lepeshinsky` family was proved in Moscow on Solyanka and began to live quiet measured life. Parents dreamed that Olga will continue business of the father, having become the engineer - the bridge builder. But the girl had absolutely other plans. She since the childhood passionately liked to dance and dreamed to become the ballerina. The way on a scene began for Olga with study at the Public ballet school at the Bolshoi Theatre to which she was admitted only from the second attempt.
At school treated training of future ballerinas very seriously, much of them should dance in the Bolshoi Theatre. By the way, Olga stepped on the glorified stage when she was only 10 years old. Then schoolgirls 2 - go a class in the opera “ Snow Maiden “ represented a flock of the birdies welcoming arrival of spring. Soon Olga had also the first real role, in the ballet “ Nutcracker “ she danced part of the Fairy Drazhe. And on release from ballet technical school (the school was transformed to it in 1931), it in “ Vain precaution “ danced already main part, however, the ballet was put not on the main scene of theater.
In 18 years to Olga Lepeshinskaya the glory came. In 1935 the premier ballet “ Three Fat men “ in which Olga danced part of the girl - a doll Suok, was enthusiastically met by the audience, and in the press designated to the young ballerina brilliantly future.
It is important that except the ballet Lepeshinskaya began to be engaged actively in public work, was a member of a district committee and Moscow city town committee of Komsomol. In 1939 she was elected the deputy of the Moscow council. By this time on posters near her name wrote “ order bearer “ in 1937 Lepeshinskaya was awarded the order “ Honour Sign “. Agree that for the actress who just celebrated 20 - the anniversary, it was both recognition, and pledge of an outstanding career.
But not all in life developed cloudlessly. Repressions 30 - x did not avoid years Lepeshinsky` family. Olga`s aunt was arrested, but it fortunately did not affect destiny of the ballerina. In theater Lepeshinskaya performed all new and new parts: Zina in “ Light stream “ the princess Aurora in “ To the Sleeping Beauty “ Polina in “ Caucasian captive “ Masha in “ Nutcracker “ Odetta - Odile in “ Swan lake “. Often and kindly wrote about it in the press.
But Olga satisfied not all that she did. Believing that she does not manage to bring Odetta`s image to perfection, she asked to exempt it from participation in “ Swan lake “. Case for those times unprecedented. And Olga considered as the best works Svetlana`s party in the ballet of the same name and Kitri in “ Don - Quichotte “. It should be noted that Lepeshinskaya, despite the mass of enthusiastic responses, quite really estimated the progress. Later, having already ceased to appear on stage, she spoke: “ I danced. . well as it is never better for Ulanova to tell you, it is never better than Semenova. Of course, much worse. But I am Lepeshinskaya. What is - such is. Let will forgive immodesty, but I possessed the natural " equipment;.
Perhaps, from - for strict the attitude towards itself and continuous search of ways to perfection, her ballet career developed successfully. Paid attention itself to the young talented ballerina “ leader of the people “. Stalin called it “ dragonfly “ and when the Stalin award was founded, the hand entered her name in the list of the first winners. There was it before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. Having got the award making the sum huge for those times of 100 thousand rubles it its most part contributed defenses to fund.
In the years of war the Bolshoi Theatre was evacuated to Kuibyshev. Olga not only continued to appear on stage including she in new statements, but also visited almost all country with concerts, repeatedly addressed also fighters at the front. Olga learned that during one of the first front trips the concert crew by miracle did not fall into hands of Germans only in 1975, having received the letter from the officer who was present then at a concert. Remembering speech of actors in September, 1941, he wrote that as soon as after a concert their car left a part arrangement, the road was cut by fascists, and heavy fights were started. They say that by the end of life Lepeshinskaya who had 14 awards by then most of all was proud of the medals “ For defense of Moscow “ and “ For valorous work in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 - 1945 “ considering that in the Great Victory there is also its modest contribution.
The set Assol in the ballet " became a new lot of work of Lepeshinskaya on a scene in the years of war; Scarlet sails “. In 1943 Olga danced it already in Moscow on a scene of the Bolshoi Theatre. The first post-war statement of theater became “ Cinderella “ on S. Prokofiev`s music in which Lepeshinskaya danced the main part. The image created by Olga as well as possible corresponded to time, to her heroine after heartrending experiences the long-awaited love and happiness comes. For this work in 1946 the ballerina was conferred the Stalin award. Then in 1947 and 1950 received two more - per lot Zhanna in “ Flame of Paris “ and Tao Hoa`s party in “ Red " poppy;. In 1951 Olga Vasilyevna along with Galina Ulanova became the Honoured actress of the USSR.
In 1956 Olga Vasilyevna got acquainted with the general Alexey Antonov. Soon they got married, for it it was the third marriage. About it in theatrical circles joked that Lepeshinskaya went for increase, hinting that the general - the lieutenant of MGB Leonid Raykhman was her previous husband. In 1951 he was arrested, but Olga Vasilyevna could achieve its release. How it occurred, many rumors went, the truth was known only it and Beria and, perhaps, Stalin. The family did not manage to be kept after that.
With Antonov at Lepeshinskaya it was died happily, but in 1962 Alexey Innokentyevich suddenly died. Olga Vasilyevna took death of the husband very hard, even almost lost sight. It is natural that about performances on a scene there could not be also a speech. After treatment in Italy sight managed to be restored. Some time it worked in Rome, being engaged with young ballerinas. Then tried to return on a scene. But understood that to dance as earlier, any more will not be able - elation and pleasure which always radiated her dances were gone.
For many years Lepeshinskaya went abroad. She worked in many countries, created national ballet troupes, passed on the experience to young ballerinas. Olga Vasilyevna sincerely wanted to work with ballerinas in the native Bolshoi Theatre, but in the homeland of her pedagogical talent it was unclaimed. At the same time her authority in the ballet environment was huge, more than 30 years Lepeshinskaya headed the organizing committee of the international competitions of ballet dancers in Moscow, was the president of the Russian choreographic association. Various honorary titles and prestigious international awards at it was so many that Olga Vasilyevna even found it difficult to list them all.
The person of vigorous energy, it till last days lives continued to work. The great ballerina Olga Vasilyevna Lepeshinskaya died on December 20, 2008, buried her in Moscow on the Vvedensky cemetery.