As a legend about “ a plant - a lamb “ opened to the world tsibotium?
of the Plant - one of the most surprising riddles of the nature. Variety of forms, sizes and properties ours “ green neighbors “ can surprise anyone, and at times people allocate plants with surprising properties, creating them the hands and telling about them legends. About one such history the speech will also go.
In the 13th century travelers wrote as if in the east there is a plant similar the view of a ram. This legend existed very long, and only in the 19th century it was brought to the London royal society “ being “. It had four legs, eyes, horns and a mouth, and a cover body dense is dark - yellow “ " wool;. “ … The big miracle is considered “ baromets “ this strange plant - an animal, or vegetable “ Tatar aries “ which with pleasure is devoured by wolves; it has the form of the aries, at a break lets out bloody juice and continues to live even then when all plants around it perish “ - the English writer Thomas Brown in the book " so described this plant; Walking superstitions “.
Actually it was the thick piece of a stalk of a plant to which local handymen gave the form of an animal and sold it as a souvenir. Other data in the description were simply embellished for bigger appeal. Locals called this plant “ baromets “ and Europeans - “ lamb “. On - scientific this plant is called Tsibotium (Cibotium ). And the legend found reflection in the name of one of species of a plant - of Cibotium barometz .
Tsibotium treats the most ancient plants - the ferns known from Devon and living on the earth about 350 million years. Ferns grew at the time of dinosaurs and mammoths, they endured Ice Age and kept the original state. They are witnesses of all evolution of life on the planet Earth.
Pteroid treat group of the higher plants. They well developed leaves, a stalk and rhizomes, however there are neither flowers, nor seeds. They breed not seeds, and disputes. The subclass - the real ferns which treats tsibotium contains a large number of types - about ten thousand. Ferns are settled on all our earth. Their favourite habitat are rainforests, deep ravines, bogs, but types which grow even in the desert meet and well transfer a drought.
Tsibotium grows in rainforests of Asia, on the Hawaiian Islands, in Central America and Mexico. It a treelike look a plant with the upright stalk covered with long soft hairs. Thanks to these hairs was also born “ a plant - a ram “. Leaves at a tsibotium twice, three times plumose are also concentrated on a trunk top. In height the plant can reach 5 - 7 meters.
Locals ate leaves of a tsibotium and a starchy core of a trunk earlier. Applied as a forage to cattle. Hairs from a trunk used for stuffing of pillows. In the medical purposes applied as effective styptic remedy and dressing. The medicine was exported to Europe from the countries of Asia, and it was called “ pengavar Jambi “ what in translation means “ remedy from Jambi “ - the city from where delivered medicine.
In modern medicine the dried-up roots of a tsibotium use as a part of medical " tea; Shen Cha “ which is applied at an illness of kidneys and as a part of an orthopedic plaster from arthritis. These preparations are used in the Chinese traditional medicine.
Trunks of a tsibotium sometimes used for a covering of roads in marshy places as they elastic and steady against rotting. And roots of this plant, as well as other tree ferns, found application in greenhouses and greenhouses for cultivation of orchids and bromeliyevy.
Several types of a tsibotium grow up as decorative houseplants. Among them - Tsibotium Sheed`s (Cibotium schiedei) . This graceful plant with arcuate curved leaves faintly - green color, similar to laces. In height it can reach more than two meters, but in the conditions of bondage grows quite slowly. At young age - this lovely pottery plant, and in the adult - a high tree which is suitable for cultivation in greenhouses more. But it is impossible to tell what tsibotium belongs to popular houseplants, all - he is a child of rainforests, and only there he expands in all beauty.
Thanks to a legend about “ a plant - a lamb “ the world learned about a hairy fern which wool can be used as a filler for pillows. The live world of our planet is still full of miracles and riddles. How many still legends and legends remains unsolved?