Rus Articles Journal

Taroom - magic or religion?

With a legend of Darum, the Indian monk who came with Buddha`s doctrine to China of the V-VI century and became a rodonayaalnik of school a zen - the Buddhism, in Japan are familiar all young and old. zastyv in meditation for nine years, the monk lost extremities, but conceived executed. This is the hero East - the Asian epos on obstinacy it is comparable with Russian Vanka - vstanky . A tumbler toy form, by the way, one of in what the Japanese handicraftsmen sometimes embody an image of extremely assidious monk.

Annually in Japan make about 2,5 million figurines of Daruma, 80% from them do the master of the city of Takasaka in a profektura Gumm. In this settlement production of figures inachatsya. There was it at the end of the 18th century after several hungry years. business was started by the prior of the main thing of that time in the district of the temple Syorin - dz in which the legendary aged man is still esteemed for the Saint. the prior suggested parishioners to make figures on the wooden sculpture of Daruma who is cut out by the monk which remained in the temple.

the monk came Once together with new mascots to a fair of Seven herbs, traditional for this season, - Nana kusa. as envisioned by the prior, this craft had to bring to the peasants ruined by crop failures money. so it also occurred.

Still earn by production of figures of a daruma in Takasaki a living about one hundred houses. And the fair of Seven herbs in this district turned into the holiday celebrating to Taroom over time. To look at a festival, and at the same time and to get a figure of the Saint on January 6 - 7 there come several hundreds of tourists from all Japan.

Handymen from the city of Tamasim in the west of Japan embodied in a figurine the to no - Hau. Tamasima - Daruma - no other than the Japanese tumbler toy.

Figures which Japanese were forced to do from a lack of money more than two centuries ago are reproduced in equipment to a papya today - Masha. if inside the master puts a pebble or a jingle, he will be called a mikhar - Taroom, but the essence and mission of a mascot will not change it. Figures have not only no hands and legs (that, actually, and gives them similarity to the historical character), but also eyes are not traced. Daruma`s owner has to fill this element. It is necessary to draw one eye when a namechana the purpose, and the second - when it is reached. Japanese believe that, aspiring as soon as possible the second eye, Daruma will help in every possible way the owner performed by conceived. The magic force of a mascot also consists in it.

Color of a cassock of Daruma - it is bright - red, considered blagochistyvy in the Buddhism. However today do figures of a daruma of different flowers. You want luck in love? Buy pink Daruma. you wait from destiny of wealth and money? take yellow! Daruma in a green cassock will present health. A couple of figures of Daruma - an indispensable gift newly married at the Japanese wedding: white - for the groom, red - for the bride. Often also those whose progress depends on competition - athletes, politicians, entrants get this mascot.

Daruma`s popularity is so big that Japanese award with his name everything that has the remote similarity to a figure: a kind of a chrysanthemum, a hairdress, a snowman, the bicycle with a big forward wheel and even the furnace - potbelly stove . And still a decline which can be observed on the island of Shikoku: within 10 seconds the distorted reflection of the sun in sea water in the form reminds the stubborn monk in meditation.