Really there was only one Lefthander?
Probably, each of writing once ask itself a question: “ And why, actually? Why you sit, you dip a goose quill in an inkwell? You hollow according to Klava of a laptop? And whether who will read this that the letter behind a letter appears on the monitor screen? And not only today … Why something is forgotten almost at once after the agiotage wave subsides, and something is read … both in a year, and through another, and through one hundred years? “
Here, for example, Nikolay Semyonovich Leskov since the birth of whom 178 years are executed today. But … There is no person any more. And its works live and are read. However, if to stop on the street of passersby, then many will not remember “ Tupeyny artist “ “ The Fascinated wanderer “. And here the Lefthander, even without knowing the exact name of this story of Leskov, all will call.
Here such here paradox. And, besides, why? Probably, literary critics will give fuller and irrefragable answer on this question. With reference to a lot of monographs and authoritative names.
As on my, subjective and, naturally, unscientific, the look, so work only then passes into the category of classics and there is interesting to the reader still long time after its issue when in it, behind some special case, the general are guessed, lines inherent in much. And when you in the same Lefthander recognize the neighbor or the fellow countryman. Unpretentious on life, not especially educated, having a heap shortcomings, which … Which are with interest compensated by his skill, the relation to business and the special scale of values putting the general above personal. Even knowing that everything, your time on this ball expired, he will tell not about something there, and about that transferred to the Sovereign … Like, it would be not necessary … guns a brick - that to clean …
Here, and I … I write about the Lefthander, and I remember … No, even not the fellow countryman. But the, northern man - the workman. Osip Hristoforovich Dudin.
Fascinates by not striking, but thorough beauty, originality of the century woods, numerous lakes, the small and big rivers which are slowly bearing the waters to the Ledovity ocean the North. Here, in versts 80 - ti from Arkhangelsk where Northern Dvina, having accepted waters of Pinega, is divided into several sleeves and channels between which nine big and small islands lie, on located directly against Holmogor Kurostrove in 1714 Osip was born.
Except it in a family there were two more brothers. Vasily, that that learned the diploma of the famous fellow countryman - Mikhayla Lomonosov, served as a salesman on shipyard in Vavchuge. And Egor is the famous seafarer and the industrialist. And here Osip was the bone carver. As well as his fellow villager who became subsequently the famous Russian sculptor - Fedot Choubin. As well as many other fellow countrymen of Osip.
What is quite natural. For a long time northerners got in the polar seas not only a navaga or a seal, but also “ fish tooth “ a morzhovy bone, collected fossil mamontovy. In hands of skillful masters there was similar on noble even a simple tubular cow bone.
Cut a bone on all North: from Arkhangelsk to Solvychegodsk and Velikiy Ustyug. However the center of the bone carving trade became Holmogora. The first written mention of holmogorsky carvers belongs to the 17th century when local “ combed master “ Evdokim Sheshenin and his brother Semyon were called to Moscow for work in Armory and subsequently became its best bone carvers.
To Osip was at whom and what to study to. It is not surprising that its skillful, truly “ gold “ hands were demanded not only in the province, but also in the most capital hail of the Empire.
The first, documentary remained certificate of Sankt - the St. Petersburg period of life of Dudin, is a log entry of office of Academy of Sciences of October 8, 1757. Also it concerns that material with which the master quite often worked, - a fossil mamontovy bone. “ This number... the peasant Osip Hristoforov the son Dudin declared in office a bone the curve called by him a mamontova in which to the weight of 23 pounds with small, and it he bought in Mezene in 1756 in a genvara month brought from Pustozersk by the calendar... “.
But there arrived to the capital Osip not only because it was easier to find the rich customer in the large city. He suited the son Pyotr in a gymnasium at Academy of Sciences. The boy was accepted in a gymnasium in May, 1758 “ for training in mathematics, a drawing art and French “. The warrant for Pyotr Dudin`s arrival in the academic gymnasium was signed by I. Schumacher and M. V. Lomonosov. And here not only the compatriot unity, but also that warm attitude which Mikhail Vasilyevich tested to Dudin`s family worked.
The matter is that Osip`s father, Hristofor, was an educated person and brothers stored the books bought them among which the place of honor was taken “ Arithmetics “ L. Magnitsky and “ Grammar “ M. Smotritsky. These, Dudina`s textbooks remarkable for those times, after much persuasion - memory as - gave to Lomonosov striving for knowledge in any way. And they became for young Mikhayla, as he said, “ learning gate “. And, who knows, there would be no brothers Dudinykh whether we were proud of one of the best minds of the State Russian today?
Of course, at the beginning the famous fellow countryman helped Osip. Including the recommendations. But further for the master already told his hands. Especially as Dudin worked, mainly, in the most difficult technique of a carving up to a bone - a through carving which demanded special skill and accuracy of execution.
All this at Osip was therefore he quickly enough takes the leading place among the St. Petersburg masters decoratively - applied art of that time. The documents which remained in archives confirm payment to it by Catherine II of large sums for various bone carving works. More than once bought carved bone chess for the successor of an imperial throne grand duke Pavel Petrovich from Dudin.
Payment of works (works, but not works!) Osip Dudin sometimes even surpassed the sums paid to the best court jewelers. And it speaks about much. To customers was what to pay Osip for. If to look at the remained works, many will agree with it.
However, only a little bit of masterful products reached up to now.
In particular, it is possible to remember two, created by Dudin in 1770 - x, circles which surface is decorated by images of the Russian princes and tsars in round medallions among curls in rococo force with small florets. The through carving, the thinnest study of reliefs, a modeling of persons, the thin invoice of a bone are successfully combined with the traditional form inherent in wooden or metal circles.
One of mugs - with 58 portraits (from Rurik to Catherine II) - was in Cabinet of curiosities. For it even the special bone case which did not remain up to now was created. Another - with six portraits (from Peter I to Catherine II) - was intended “ to future childbirth on a posmotreniye “ also it was stored in a vestry of Solovetsky Monastery in which the died about 1785 the master spent the rest of the days.
Here such he is the Russian Lefthander. In total - “ to future sorts “. And if to itself that, then so … is unimportant
I from where he is, this master - clever fingers - from Tula or from - under Holmogor. There is a lot of them. And they - near us. It is only necessary to stop and peer. In the neighbor. Or the fellow countryman …
By way of illustration to article used a picture from the website www. antiq. info