Why the grandfather and the woman in the fairy tale " cry; Chicken of Ryaba “?
“ Gold small egg “ (in Ushinsky`s retelling - “ Chicken of Ryaba “) - perhaps, the most paradoxical fairy tale from all Russian fairy tales. In very short text continuous contradictions seem: the grandfather and the woman try to break a small egg, but unsuccessfully. When the mouse waved a tail and the small egg fell and broke, the grandfather and the woman instead of rejoicing that the objectives are achieved, the small egg is broken, for some reason cry. The most mysterious - a chicken consolation that she will demolish other small egg, “ not gold - simple “. Why not gold instead of broken? Paradox!
Why Ushinsky chose this absurd, paradoxical version of the fairy tale? Why this option gained the greatest distribution? What morals of this fairy tale? Most simplified treatment “ gold " egg; how gold, wealth, bourgeoisness? If to take in attention that Ushinsky created the anthology “ Native word “ in which this fairy tale in its processing for elementary school at which children of poor people studied, naturally, was published, it is logical that it is possible to see sense of the fairy tale in education of contempt for wealth: a pier, it is necessary to be content with small.
Not everything so simply was with “ Chicken Speckled “ in 20 - e years at the Soviet power. So, Detkomissiya at the GOOSE spoke against a napechataniye “ Chickens of Ryaby “ while the Commission at Glavsotsvos, on the contrary, included this fairy tale in the list of the approved literature on subjects GUSA. A. V. Lunacharsky heading then Narkompros to whom all three departments submitted demanded explanations, and they were brought by Glavsotsvos: “ Fairy tale “ Chicken of Ryaba “ it is placed in a number of the books for reading intended for the first classes of rural schools. To explain business of teachers to children that gold eggs of a chicken are not laid, and rural children perfectly know it “.
Note: GUS is the Main academic council at Narkompros created in 1919. Without its preliminary sanction could not leave in 20 - x years any nursery or the educational book. Glavsotsvos - Head department on social education at the same Narkomat which recommended or forbade already appeared books “ for the use “ at school. Officials from two of these establishments, competing among themselves, sometimes disagreed.
The tale of Ryabe`s chicken and a gold small egg has more than one and a half tens options where there are several various characters: the grandfather with the woman or one old woman, a chicken speckled or chyorno - motley which takes down a small egg either simple or gold or it is not known what, and even “ floridly, on the alert, kostyano, it is sophisticated “. In only four fairy tales the grandfather with the woman try to break egg and cry when it is broken by a mouse. And in it all riddle over which not one generation of adults suffers: why the grandfather with the woman cry if they wanted to break egg? Here a task from tasks!
Also in many versions of the fairy tale there are strange things: for some reason, after the mouse breaks egg, the doomsday begins. In these options such characters as the priest, popadya, the sexton, that is representatives of a religious cult appear.
Fairy tale “ Chicken of Ryaba “ it is accepted to carry to tales of animals. And it is very strange classification. Many researchers of the fairy tale do not agree with it and see reflection of ancient knowledge of the Slavic people in this fantastic story. For example, Axes B. H. considers that the plot of the fairy tale contains motive which goes back to mythological ideas of many people including Slavs. It is about motive of World Egg which is split by the mythological hero. From World Egg there was a world in general or its separate parts (the sky, the earth, etc.) . Axes considers that the fairy tale about Ryabu`s chicken is degenerate option of these mythological ideas.
What is only not found in this innocent fairy tale in processing of the great teacher K. D. Ushinsky which since 1864 excites consciousness of parents. On this soil the set of versions was born.
Having studied the mass of the material concerning the fairy tale “ Chicken of Ryaba “ and without having found the right answer on a question why the great Russian teacher Ushinsky imposed to our children this version of the fairy tale, I decided to get up on point of view of Ushinsky and to look at the fairy tale with eyes of children:
1. It is given: the chicken of Ryaba demolished a gold small egg. Children will not press in any cosmogonic myths and will tell: so does not happen, hens do not lay some gold eggs, it is a lie. But they accept it because in the fairy tale everyone happens, and it is the fairy tale.
2. Silly, from the point of view of adults, the grandfather and the woman try to break gold egg instead of dragging it to sell. From the point of view of the child the grandfather and the woman received as a gift from a chicken of Ryaby a toy - gold egg. If the child receives a gift, it first of all has a desire to look: and what there inside? And he, naturally, tries to destroy a gift. Well, not always it turns out.
3. the Mouse breaks egg. The grandfather and the woman who tried to break egg suddenly cry when the mouse breaks it., It seems, they wanted it, so what they roar? Wanted to want - that and wanted to break it. Present the child: someone broke its toy. Its reaction? Naturally, crying. Let he wanted to break a toy, but he wanted to break and if someone breaks another, it becomes a pity for him that broke, and on the other hand, it becomes is a pity for a toy.
4. the Chicken promises the grandfather with the grandma to demolish simple instead of gold egg. Well, found what to console, - the adult will tell. But the fairy tale this nursery, for children. And children are quite satisfied with such answer of a chicken. It is clear and clear to them: chickens bear simple testicles, but not gold.
So let`s look at fairy tales with children`s naivete. And to remember that K. D. Ushinsky was and remains the great Russian teacher and as to nobody else, it was known to him that it is useful for children for their development, education and entertainment.