When “ the cow death goes “? On Agafya, on February 5 …
Milk as a food product, accompanies us all life. At first it - the main food, then - part of an everyday diet and a peculiar medicine. Now it is difficult to establish when people for the first time began to eat it. In the Stone Age - a paleolith - they ate what the nature gave. Ancient nomad tribes bred cows and bulls only for the sake of meat and skins. Began to put them to a plow and the vehicle much later. same
O that these animals can milk also, people guessed only about five thousand years ago. The clay cups found archeologists, jugs, podoynik in the territory of present Ukraine testify to it. At ancient shumer and Egyptians the dairy cattle breeding was developed in 3000 years B.C. As, however, and in Ancient Greece. But, of course, taste of milk people learned
much earlier. According to a legend, Rima Romula and Ram raised founders a Capitoline she-wolf. Names of brothers and the name of the eternal city put by them came from the word “ Rhum “ (nipple).
About milk is put many legends. For example, in the tribe borro the narration how two orphans (the boy and the girl) tamed herd passes from father to son. Having appeared on the bank of the big river, they to be warmed, made fire. Once the cow who left water approached them. But returned back to the river. The next night children spread out a fire again, but already far away from the coast. Water left the whole herd. Calfs began to suck milk, and children followed their example. It so was pleasant to them that they decided to tame cows. Every night they kindled a fire - further and further from the coast - enticing animals. At last there came the moment when the herd did not return to the river, having remained with children. Their descendants still conduct nomadic life, part one of species of cattle - a zebu - and remember a beautiful legend.
Many people considered milk as divine food and sacrificed it to the Almighty Gods patronizing agriculture, cattle breeding, a child-bearing, etc. the main sacrificial products there were a milk, honey and wine.
Omnipotent Jupiter and its sister is the goddess of fertility and agriculture Ceres, god of fields and the woods, the patron of shepherds and their herds the Faun, god of fertility, the patron of gardens, vineyards, pastures and herds Priap, the goddess of fertility, a child-bearing Diana - not to list all gods to whom ancient Greeks and Romans presented milk far not disinterestedly: people asked gods to increase a molochnost of the animals and fertility of the earth, to present the son or the daughter …
Besides milk per se, ancient people offered gods different milk foods. So, one goddess brought wheat porridge with milk, another - milk drink with honey. by
prejudice against white cows was extended In Scotland in old times. Was considered that their milk is worse, than milk of brown cows to whom the Scottish peasants at one time also gave preference.
is Very possible that behind this superstition there is deeper reason consisting in a ban on consumption of products from a sacred animal; let`s remember that white animals are still surrounded with a cult in many countries of the East. In Siam white elephants are esteemed. White oxen are held in special respect in Africa. The sacred white ox once lived in Afroditopolis, one of the cities of Arabia. And even moreover - in Ancient Egypt the animal having at least one white strand of wood could be sent to the victim to the goddess Izida.
In many provinces of Russia on April 18, for St. Vasily`s holiday, was arranged “ cow holiday “. This day the cow was especially carefully cajoled, cleaned her and a cowshed, gave the best forage. Each member of a country family tried to express the love to it somehow.
On Agafya, on February 5, day, when “ the cow death goes “ the animal was in every possible way protected, watched that the cow was well locked in a cowshed, to nobody foreign this day she was shown, being afraid “ to a malefice “.
the Whole country is obliged by the name to animal husbandry. The southern part of the Apenninsky peninsula (there on rich pastures corpulent herds were grazed) was called in those far times of Vitalia, or Italia (derivative of Vitulus. what means “ calf “ “ bull-calf “) .
in essence, a cow it is possible to compare to highly effective dairy factory. You judge. The good milk cow in a year gives 4-6 thousand l of milk. Cows - rekordistka daily present the careful owners with 2-3 buckets of precious moisture. But also it is not a limit. Once the message on the Cuban cow by nickname " was published; Urbe of the " Form; (“ White udder “) which in a year gave 27 672 l of milk, that is the average daily yield of milk made it 8 ten-liter buckets!
Superprodukt, the amazing food cooked by the nature our great compatriot physiologist I. P. Pavlov called milk of animals. And, of course, it was right. It is established that milk contains over hundred most valuable components. And perfectly balanced thanks to what milk is is easy and completely acquired even sick and weakened. Deliver it generally burenushka. As scientists counted, the cow with an average yield of milk of 2500 kg a year gives during a lactation nearly 1 c of fat, 85 kg of proteins, 125 kg of dairy sugar, 17 kg of mineral salts of only about 320 kg of solids that often exceeds the mass of the most animal! whether we Appreciate
whether all of us forget it? How we make thrifty use of Burenkas and the milk received from them? And what due harmony can feasible make for achievement here?