How was to slaves in ancient China? Imperial laws at the beginning of our era of
Continuing a subject of unexpected finds in the history of ancient times, we will glance in acts of Celestial Empire. In China, as well as in Babylon, both private owners, and the state could act as the slaveholder. But unlike Babylon, there were four categories of slave force here: the prisoners of war sold for the debts taken as a tribute from dependent territories, condemned for crimes.
In process of development of statehood laws more and more accurately regulated the treatment of them, softening cruelty of former customs. Significant precepts of law were adopted before approach of a new era and at the beginning of its coming. So, in the 1st century BC the practice of unpunished murder of the slave extended earlier at private owners was officially forbidden, the law on the death penalty of the slave who wounded the free citizen is repealed.
Within century some more important decisions were accepted. For example, the emperor At Dee published reskript, to turn the cancelled long-term custom into slaves to children who were put for debts and were not redeemed within three years. Were released by the same command all turned into the state slaves and slaves, “ if former laws did not prescribe punishment for commission of crimes by them “.
In a number of areas received the manumission and those who got to slavery violently or sold themselves from - for hunger, and also the women given in the concubine. The branding of slaves, and to klitsa, " was forbidden; by force making difficulties “ to their release, it was recommended to apply punishments “ according to the law on violent sale of people in slavery “.
Further away Wang Mang who self-proclaimed himself the emperor in the ninth year AD after revolution commission went. Under its decrees purchase and sale and lands (the declared imperial property), and the slaves who were in private possession was forbidden. At the same time the number of the state slaves increased. But to them - that was allowed to have property, including land and even to carry out transactions of purchase and sale (both to men, and women). Nothing to itself, - it would mean about the lshy rights, than at free slaveholders!
That to those slaves that were at private owners, orders were that. At a lawsuit institution in their relation the owner has to represent the interests in court (just as in a similar case with his members of household), otherwise he was punished.
It was granted the right to punish slaves, as well as family members, and on special permission of the authorities even to kill them for faults. For example, also the houses which are in common living with the head relatives, and slaves for a denunciation of it, except for charge of mutiny and change were subject to an udavleniye. Interclass marriages were forbidden on pain of the criminal liability similar to that which followed for theft.
Despite rigidity of these norms, it is necessary to notice that in them distinctions between legal requirements to members of household and slaves are not observed, i.e. they practically joined in patriarchal system of the country.
Thus, slaves in China became either izdolshchik of the state, or actually members of the family of the slaveholder. However, in the 23rd year AD Wang Mang was chopped up on pieces as a result of revolt “ Red eyebrows “ but it is already separate history...