How the swastika got to revolutionary Russia?
as a result of World War II the swastika was strongly connected with a Hitlerism though actually long before got to fascism symbolics, it was used as a sacred sign in cultures of many people of the world.
Celts and Tibetans drew it on doors of houses. It meets on ancient architectural monuments to India, Greece, Ceylon, Persia, on Ektabana`s ruins, in catacomb churches of the first Christians. The swastika bypassed tradition African (ashant, etc.) and the American people (ltingit, kuna, the Navajo).
In qualities of a solar sign the swastika symbolized pure mankind, gave success, wellbeing, force and represented time course, and in lunar option was attribute of Semitic religions. It is a sacred sign of the Buddhism and Jainism. The Christianity recognizes it as expression of sending of grace and rescue. However, it is necessary to consider that so deep cultural phenomenon what the hook cross is, hardly gives in to unambiguous interpretation.
Who only did not make to that an attempt! Even psychologists did not keep. Wilhelm Raich in 1933 wrote about a swastika quite in the spirit of a psikhanaliz according to Freud who to it had the teacher:
“ It affects subconscious emotions of the observer. A swastika - no other than the image of the people twisted the friend around the friend, schematic, but at the same time quite recognizable. One line means sexual intercourse in horizontal, another - in vertical position. It is possible to assume that this symbol excites the strings hidden from ourselves in an organism, besides the it is more, than the person is satisfied less, than more it is lewd. If to attribute to this sign in addition idea of fidelity and honor, then he will manage to satisfy also moral doubts and especially will be willingly accepted “.
several versions about a word " origin Exist; swastika “. On one - at it to a sanskritsika roots: Suasti means to be to good. On - another - it arose from the runic letter: the rune of SVA meant Heaven (compare to a name of god Svaroga), With - a fleece of the direction, a fleece of territorial election commission - the movement, coming, a current. By the way, in Russian there were 140 names and a huge number of versions of the image of this sign.
Here some names: Kolovrat, Solntsevrat, Yarovrat, Charovrat, Posolon, Agni, the Solar Cross, Solard, Svetolet, the Fern Flower, Perunov Tsvet, Bogovnik, Svarozhich, Svyatoch, Odolen - the Grass, Rodimich Is Saint Gift. And peasants in different places called it in own way: feather grass, ognivets, saffron milk cap.
The swastika in Russia Sacred could be seen everywhere: many ancient ancient settlements had its form, it was present at temples, dwellings, at a set of household items - from pots to distaffs, the weapon and banners, jewelry. And now try to guess that was represented on a board of Prophetic Oleg which it beat to a gate of Tsargrad... quite right - a swastika.
It was popular as in the people, and at the highest levels the power. Was present, in particular, at an imperial mansion: for example, decorated a throne-room ceiling in the St. Petersburg Winter Palace. And at the beginning of the 20th century it was the most widespread sacred sign both in Western, and in Eastern Europe.
Very much the empress Aleksandra Fiodorovna, Nicholas II`s spouse esteemed him. According to Pierre Chiliar, the former tutor of Crown Prince Alexey, in the Ipatyevsky house in Yekaterinburg where the family of the last Russian monarch before execution was provided, he found “ in an embrasure of one of windows in the room of the tsar and queen the favourite sign of the empress drawn with a pencil and under it date: 17 on April (30), 1918 “. Over their bed on wall-paper it was traced too.
And Nicholas II enjoined to place a swastika on banknotes of Russia, however, this project after its renunciation by Provisional government on " was realized; kerenkas “ of 250 and 1000 rub, and then and Bolsheviks issued banknotes of five-thousandth and ten-thousand advantage with the same sign, having just used ready matrixes. This money was in use up to formation of the Soviet Union which, as we know, was proclaimed on an end of 1922.
Hugo`s cavalry - East front in November, 1919 received a swastika as a narukavny chevron. Its description in which the hook cross is designated by an abbreviation “ LYUNGTN “ it was applied to the order of the commander V. I. Shorin, former imperial colonel, skilled military leader and gentleman of St. George who as it is supposed, and was the author of this idea:
“ The Rhombus of 15õ11 centimeters from red cloth. In the top corner a five-pointed star, in the center - a wreath, in the middle of which “ LYUNGTN “ with the inscription “ R. S. F. Page P. “. Diameter of a star is 15 mm, a wreath of 6 cm, the " size; LYUNGTN “ - 27 mm, letters - 6 mm. The sign for command and administrative structure is embroidered with gold and silver and for Red Army men pattern. Star, “ LYUNGTN “ and a tape of a wreath the wreath and an inscription - silver (for Red Army men - white paint) " are embroidered with gold (for Red Army men yellow paint);.
Civil war Died down, RSFSR became the USSR, the church was separated from the state, and together with all these events it refused Solntsevrat who only flashed in the first revolutionary years in construction of economy and defense of the new country. But the hook cross in 1920 chose as symbolics National - socialism Adolf Shiklgruber...
Any sign, any symbol, any subject used by people is treated by them at own discretion. So you should not blame a swastika for the fact that monsters represented it on the banners. Eventually, they paid also for it too.