What unites flavourless money and bread, inseparable from shows?
Two thousand years the age-mate of our era the Colosseum are heated under the hot Roman sun. On a legend to Rome is released so much how many will stay a majestic amphitheater.
Unprecedented construction was started by the emperor Vespasian from a sort Flaviyev. The wise governor who came to the throne got the country in a difficult situation. Interstine squabbles developed into the war which demanded a lot of gold.
But nevertheless it was succeeded to bring order. The emperor inspired with a victory enjoined to start construction of an enormous amphitheater which was not seen yet by light.
One trouble, there was catastrophically not enough money. Deficiency of the imperial budget reached the astronomical sum of 30 billion sestertsiyev. Vespasian had to be inventive and to think out all new taxes for replenishment of treasury.
Modern citizens is not pleasant to pay. It was not pleasant also to Romans at the time of Vespasian. As they only kosterit it, even called feeble-minded.
Actually Vespasian possessed enviable mind and constructed the fiscal policy so skillfully that further grumble business did not go, and the budget was filled regularly. The emperor never attempted “ on the last “. How taxes were big, they were not burdensome to the population and provinces.
The attention of the governor was drawn “ latrina “ - public toilets. The way of life of Romans developed in such a way that in their magnificent houses places for departure of natural needs were absent that did not mean neglect of citizens to hygiene questions at all. It is enough to remember that among the Roman gods there was Stertitsy - god of the earth and waste, and Fixes - god of toilets.
Instead of individual in Rome public bathrooms were built. Even to modern measures it were magnificent constructions, with jewelry, inlaid floors, fountains and marble latrines. Probably, the French King - the Sun never heard about them, otherwise surely would order to construct a couple in Paris, at least of only one envy to greatness of ancient Rome.
As well as baths - terms of a latrina were not simply “ technological “ constructions. Romans went to a toilet as in club, to share news, “ on others to look and prove to be “.
Vespasian absolutely correctly assumed that Romans will not be able to ignore visit of public toilets, will not want and will not become. The emperor enjoined to raise a payment from each citizen who glanced in “ " club;. To indignation offended by such nonconventional decision, of course, there was no limit, but money had to be paid.
The son Vespasiana - Tit - tried to bring to reason the father, having told that it is low, to get money in this way. On what the emperor who had sense of humour suggested the son to smell gold coins and asked whether they smell. Having heard the negative answer, the governor thoughtfully noticed: “ Strange, and they - from " urine; … Over time this witty remark was transformed to the known expression “ Money does not smell “.
What Tit? Having replaced on the father`s throne, the emperor Tit Flavy Vespasian solemnly opened the Amphitheater Flaviyev as first called the Colosseum. In honor of this event up to which the initiator of construction was not fated to live in 80 - m held to year the well-known Hundred-day games.
Games were successful, and subsequently in this or that option settled at birthdays of the emperor and in other occasions. Shows, so brilliant, as well as bloody, cost much enough. Probably, Tit remembered resourcefulness of the father more than once, solving own financial problems.
Romans came to the Amphitheater not as today`s theater-goers. For weeks and months on the arena continuous action which could not be missed in any way was played. Sometimes the arena was filled in with water, turning into the pool in which the real sea battles were developed.
The audience slept, without going beyond the Colosseum, on its benches ate the supplies brought with themselves, solved family problems. To each of them free of charge slept off in process of flour that it was not necessary to come back home too often after portion of food. Perhaps, in those days the remark " was also born; Bread and shows “.
So the ancient Colosseum connected together two sayings which repeat people all over the world today.