What stones are not necessary to us? Each person knows about cholelithiasis of
what is stones. And as we are surprised that in our organism similar educations appeared. In this article I want to tell about cholelithiasis, i.e. about formation of stones in bilious channels and a gall bladder.
Several words about functioning of zhelchevyvodyashchy system. The bile formed in hepatic cells gets on channels into a gall bladder and there collects before the following meal. During food the gall bladder is reduced and bile is thrown out a duodenum. In the structure bile bears bilious acids for digestion of fats, cholesterol, bilirubin, lecithin and some minerals.
At violation of this debugged mechanism under the influence of a stress, irregular food there is a stagnation of bile in channels and a gall bladder. Owing to obesity, high-calorific food, an inactive way of life, reception of some drugs (for example, contraceptives) in bile the content of cholesterol increases. As a result of the physicist - chemical properties of bile change, it becomes litogenny (i.e. forming stones). Crystals of cholesterol, a bilirubinat of calcium, bilious pigments, minerals begin to drop out in a deposit. Respectively, stones of a certain type are formed: cholesteric, bilirubinovy, limy, mixed.
Clinical displays of a disease are various. It can be shown in the form of bilious (hepatic) colic after violation of a diet (greasy, fried, plentiful food). It is characterized by severe skhvatkoobrazny pains in the right podreberye with irradiation in the right half of a thorax, with nausea and vomiting.
At insufficient intake of bile in intestines when digestive processes in zheludochno - an intestinal path are broken, the dispeptichesky form cholelithiasis is formed by . Symptoms " disturb; angry “ a stomach (heartburn, feeling of weight in epigastralny area), “ angry “ large intestine (belly-ache, frustration of a chair).
The painful chronic form diseases is connected with an inflammation of a gall bladder. Symptoms are similar to bilious colic, but pain is less expressed. Body temperature, in the general blood test - increase of quantity of leukocytes, increase of SOE increases.
Diagnostics cholelithiasis is based on results of ultrasonic research of a liver and gall bladder. The X-ray analysis of an abdominal cavity can be applied (to identification of kaltsiysoderzhashchy stones). Sometimes stones in a gall bladder find in the absence of any clinical symptoms.
Treatment cholelithiasis is begun with optimization of a diet. Food has to be various, fractional (4 - 6 times a day), with restriction of fats. Cottage cheese, vegetable dishes, fruit, bran are recommended. Zhelchegonny preparations can provoke bilious colic. Apply preparations to dissolution of stones urso - and henodezoksikholevy acids. However there is a number of contraindications therefore the doctor recommends their application after inspection. The extracorporal wave lithotripsy is used at 1 - 3 stones in the functioning gall bladder.
Planned surgical treatment of cholelithiasis is carried out out of an aggravation. In the presence of the corresponding equipment and the skilled expert in hospital, in such cases use laparoscopic access. Operation takes place very quickly and soon the patient is written out.
If in the period of an aggravation there is a threat of complications (gangrene or phlegmon of a wall of a gall bladder, perforation of a wall, bilious peritonitis, okolopuzyrny abscess etc.), the patient urgently operate by means of more extensive access in the right podreberye. The period of restoration of working capacity will be much longer.
If you are still healthy, try to avoid these troubles! As the famous homeopath B. Tayts, " writes; the best zhelchegonny - frequent food “. He advises surely to have breakfast that the concentrated night bile did not stand. Healthy food, physical exercises, strong nerves will save you not only from stones. Of course, many people prefer not to pay attention to councils for the correct way of life. Well, then sooner or later the road will be one - in the nearest policlinic!