What history of jewelry began with? The famous dandies of
It appears, not only ladies differed in big addiction to jewelry. Men are passionate admirers of jewelry - too became history, sweeping aside various ideas of rules of decency.
Desire to stand out on public, showing precious trifles, attributed to many celebrities. Among them - Kaligula testing directly - painful passion to an embellishment. He managed to put on himself on some kilograms of jewelry. Jewels decorated even the emperor`s sandals.
The king of Poland Augustus II Silny became famous for similar addictions. All wearable it accessories were decorated with gold, diamonds, jewels. A sheath, epaulets, swords - everything was generously inlaid, and for the well-known green " diamond; Dresden “ 4 tons of gold are paid. The court jeweler of the beginning of the 18th century, Johann Dinglinger worked on unique design of jewelry.
The last representative of a dynasty of Romanov - Nicholas II was a big fan of cuff links and jewelry in general. Nicolay kept careful account to all the jewelry.
By the way, the real boom of popularity of men`s jewelry Europe in the 18th century worried. Men were captured by the real jeweler fever. Lacy jabots, the shining buckles, rings, hilts of swords, daggers - with all these attributes real men - dandies decorated themselves. The tinkling gold charms drew attention to irresistible appearance of the gentleman. As confirmation this fact was probably served by the known history “ about suspension brackets “ Alexandre Dumas. Only at the beginning of the XIX century jeweler passions ceased. Restraint and good taste became fashionable. Dandies began to carry no more than one - two jewelry, but stylish and rather expensive.
Famous poem of Alexander Pushkin “ Store me, my mascot “ narrates about its favourite signet ring. Rather large ring with a cornelian decorated with east ligature in the Hebrew " language; Simkh, the son of respectable Rabi of Iosif and his memory " will be blessed; got in gift from Elizabeth Vorontsova before the reference in Mikhaylovskoye in 1824. Secular salons of Russia were fond of mascots at this time. The most attractive of women before departure of the poet in love to it to the reference presented it a ring with a cornelian. The copy of a ring remained with it.
In Russia to a cornelian there was a special relation. The cornelian was called sardy, esteemed for rich color shades. Said that the best stone that which happens “ it is black - it is red, and at light passing through it - also Ognjen as " grenades is light;. The cornelian was considered as a love mascot. To make color of a stone mysterious, mysterious, east jewelers calcinated a stone in the furnace where it absorbed power of fire, or spread under the hot sun.
In 1825 Pushkin wrote lines:
“ Store me, my mascot,
Store me in days of persecution,
In days of repentance, nervousness:
You in day of grief was given me. Start up
in a century cardiac wounds
will not be rubbed salt by reminiscence. Forgive to
, hope; sleep desire;
Store me, my mascot “.
Alexander Sergeyevich attributed to a ring surprising properties. Letters were sealed by sealing wax with a stone print. The confidence is that the ring stores it, did not abandon the poet until the end of days. He never removed him from a hand. The Serdolikovy ring on Pushkin`s hand is imprinted on the known portrait of Tropinin. During fatal duel the ring was at it. Before death the ring with a cornelian was presented to Vasily Zhukovsky. Then the son of Zhukovsky gave him to Ivan Turgenev, and that, in turn, bequeathed to Lev Tolstoy. But on a twist of fate it did not get a ring.
Polina Viardo sent a ring as an exhibit to Aleksandrovsky lyceum, to Pushkin Museum. In 1917 the ring was stolen together with other exhibits. There was, however, also one more ring. But it already another story altogether …