What drugs were trusted by Copernicus?
In the Krakow museum are available a curious exhibit: the recipe which is written out by Nicolaus Copernicus. The recipe is quite original: Copernicus recommends to apply the pounded jewels. In his opinion, internal reception of powders of pearls, an emerald and sapphire with additions of gold and an ivory very much promoted the amendment of health.
Copernicus was not lonely in the belief in the salutary force of stones. In “ Izbornike Svyatoslav “ (1073, the lane with Greek) it is claimed that stones are capable to cure of stings of snakes and scorpions, to rescue from evil spirits. Authors “ Izbornika “ considered that topaz can pacify a storm, and beryl keeps up love and friendship; amethyst protects from alcoholism, and the pearls give longevity and prosperity.
Odo from Maine - on - Laura (the French scientist, the doctor, 11th century) in the poem “ About properties of herbs “ wrote that the triad, " is necessary for full treatment; Threefold kingdom of the nature “ - drugs of a vegetable, animal and mineral origin.
Paracelsus (Bombast von Gogengejm`s Teofrast, 1494 - 1541) the written work “ New medical knowledge “ and laid the foundation of the subsequent medicine, it was sincerely convinced of curative influence of jewels. Both Avicenna, and Amirdovlat Amasiashi trusted in it. Herodotus and Platon did not doubt the salutary force of stones.
Pliny Sr. stated information on curative properties of stones in “ Natural history in 37 books “ and Dioskorid (contemporary Pliniya) wrote five medical books devoted only to treatment by means of stones. It described therapeutic properties of the minerals applied in medicine of that time: lazurite, malachite, hematite, gagate, nephrite, amber … Special significance was attached to lazurite - “ heavenly “ to a stone, fine as the spring sky - not without reason Buddha, the patron of doctors, sits on a lazurite block.
Stones were an integral part of drugs in ancient Chinese medicine. The Indian leaders on treatment of various diseases “ Charaka - Samkhita “ and “ Sushutra - Samkhita “ (about 100 BC) list medicinal properties of stones, include them in a compounding of drugs. In Ebers`s papyrus “ The Book of preparation of drugs for all parts of a human body “ (the most ancient monument of the Egyptian medicine, is written about 3500 years ago, it is stored in Berlin) instructions on application of stones for treatment, and also in the form of amulets and mascots contain, and on each case the most detailed recipes are provided.
In the medieval guide to the Tibetan medicine “ Chzhud - shi “ it is written:
“ Oh, great solve, listen! I Will tell
about structures from jewelry,
About these tsars of sedatives.
Broths, powders, to a tag, medical oils and other at frequent application cease to cope with the illnesses, and then resort to drugs from jewelry which suppress deviations of in operation calming, all 404 illnesses of blood, bile, slime and wind, an ulcer, a wound of the head, a trunk and extremities … " treat;.
As you can see, stones on belief of the Tibetan doctors is a true all diseases medicine, universal medicine, panacea.
As jewels were not public goods at all times, they were not all on a pocket, especially - for the medical purposes, there were substitutes. For example, the ancient German doctor book recommended to take a large number of a hyacinth or pomegranate which are much cheaper instead of sapphire.
Yes, now we smile, reading how we ancient accepted powders from pounded diamonds, prepared ointments from rubies and a poultice from agate. But whether our ancestors were wiser than us?
The modern medicine claims that the person needs about 600 minerals a day. The lack of minerals leads to various violations of health, not only the body, but also mentality suffers (many mental deviations are caused by the physiological reasons).
All therapy of dietary supplement is based on minerals, they are offered by various additives. And what is stones how not meeting of various minerals? It seems that ancient discovered dietary supplement much earlier, than we could think.