Rus Articles Journal

Whether dayak are at enmity with a civilization?

One of distinctive features of appearance of dayak which in due time strongly frightened Europeans - numerous drawings on a body. To meet the dayak covered from legs to the head with tattoos today is a big rarity. It is approximately also difficult to find the house where still store skulls of prostrate enemies, arranging them annual feeding with a smoke.

Usually and the first and second meets at the same time - it is the last of the real dayak - soldiers are loyal to customs and traditions. For what merits of the man of a dayaka acquire the right of drawing numerous tattoos?

Dayak have a custom according to which young men go to travel - to learn the world. In each tribe which will visit young dayak do it a tattoo. Also any important event in life of the soldier is followed by emergence on a body of a new pattern, and the tattoo on a neck means that before you the person bringing the beheaded enemy to the tribe so - the real soldier.

In days of old on tattoos on a body of a dayak it was possible to read history of his life, but today this custom is almost forgotten, only some old men can brag of numerous drawings. Apply to women of a tattoo only on hands to an elbow and on legs to ankles. In addition each community has the breeding tattoo, it is applied on a body even to small children - tradition which, apparently, will not be forgotten for a long time.

The residents of tribes who are torn off from a civilization get all necessary for life in the jungle. Bases of economy of dayak - agriculture, collecting, hunting and fishing. In the impassable woods of a dayaka get the valuable grades of wood, fruit, a rattan and even honey of wild bees used by them for an exchange. The main crop, and in too time food of dayak is a rice, and the main fruit - bananas. Besides fish, the rivers give to alga dayaka which natives use for production of jewelry. And also the rivers are for dayak both a bath, and a laundry, and even a source of drinking water.

In spite of the fact that till 1950 - x years of a dayaka along with iron used stone instruments of labor, the civilization nevertheless gradually prevails. Some representatives of natives move to live to the cities where they get an education and remain to work, forever leaving native places. In some settlements there are an electricity and phone now, children go to special schools. Regularly dwellings of dayak are visited by doctors.

But it does not mean that traditional tenor of life is forgotten. The natives who remained faithful to ancestral spirits observe customs and traditions, and some reject all benefits of a civilization at all. But every year remains less dayak which, as well as one thousand years ago, live out of time, without calendar and dates, being guided only on the taken place significant events.

Always rebellious dayak could show worthy resistance to the enemy, but there came the times of troubles when headhunters were powerless before the new opponent. The civilization came to rainforests of uninvited: in large quantities the industrial world needs wood, oil and gas. And industrial corporations freely receive necessary so as if they of the earth of Kalimantan are uninhabited: nobody is concerned by the damage caused to dayaka and an ecosystem in which they live. In the fifties, for example, logging were conducted in sizes, frighteningly big for global ecology, and if settlements of dayak occurred in the path of bulldozers, then inhabitants were moved simply, and houses took down.

So the government of Malaysia reached decent rates of economic growth due to only extensive development based on the consumption of natural resources striking the land rights of dayak. As headhunters can prevent the destruction of the native woods which is bringing closer the world to environmental disaster? Unfortunately, in any way. They need to hope only for the help of the organizations for environment protection, for the humane relation from the governments, for human compassion.