What is Haque and who dances it?
Emerald, ideally cut lawn. The friend opposite to the friend there are two groups of men: strong and brawny, incredibly strong even by sight, dressed in sportswear. Players of the national team of New Zealand on rugby are dressed in all black: the only light spot - a silver leaf of a fern on a breast of each athlete.
Does not matter at all in what their opponents are dressed. It is not important at all who left in the field against the New Zealand All Blacks. Descendants Maori will sing and will dance the frightening song of war to any rival. The speech in this article will go about the ancient tradition of natives of New Zealand spread today - Haque.
For a start I want to tell a little about Maori. But not about what is inhabited “ Earth of a long white cloud “ today, and about their aggressive ancestors. According to legends a millennium ago seven canoes onboard which there were immigrants from East Polynesia stuck to coast of New Zealand. They also became the first inhabitants of the island - seven tribes of Maori thanks to which the unique culture based on spiritual proximity of natives with world around began to be formed. But, despite unification philosophy with the nature, Maori were very skillful fighters, and their skill was perfected in continuous wars. The first of Europeans great travelers were influenced by wild hostile temper of natives: Abel Tasman, and subsequently and James Cook.
Bloody civil strifes of Maori sank into oblivion long ago, but one of military customs is not forgotten and plays a very important role in modern culture of New Zealand. Haque`s cap is the whole ritual including dances, singing, a peculiar mimicry. For the first time to Haque began to execute Maori - soldiers hundreds years ago: before each fight they by means of frightening gestures and the shouts stared and the put-out languages by the furious expression tried to intimidate the enemy. Later to Haque began to use also in the peace purposes, telling by means of it about the Maori traditions and beliefs. Today Haque is indispensable attribute of public and governmental activities.
In New Zealand there are a lot of various versions of traditional dance, there is even an army execution. But, generally speaking, Haque`s Cap is the not only man`s dance accompanied with unfriendly shouts. There is also a female direction of ancient custom which is called “ give to drink “. It is the dance which is combined with juggling by spheres on ropes too. Female Haque, naturally, quieter, than man`s. In spite of the fact that any version khaki in New Zealand is respected and esteemed, popular for the whole world ceremonial singing accompanied by intricate movements became exactly thanks to a national team on rugby.
Officially the rugby national team of New Zealand appeared in 1892. And in 1905 the " newspaper; Daily mail “ after defeat by New Zealanders of the English club, nicknamed the team of All Blacks that can be translated as “ absolutely black “. So, thanks to the dark form and newsdealers, combined Aotearoa - the countries of a long white cloud - found the sonorous nickname which became together with haky whom players execute before each match, their business card.
About a century from the moment of the team basis the national team of New Zealand was the best in the world, beating all and all. But by the beginning of the twenty first century descendants of Maori reduced rates a little: the last years trophies escape All Blacks with an enviable regularity. Perhaps all the matter is that opponents got used to Haque and are not afraid any more? The answer is rather negative, current execution of dance is rather means for New Zealanders mentally to gather and be adjusted, having forgotten about everything that does not concern game, than means for intimidation of enemies.
To tell about how Maori dance to Haque, senselessly. It is necessary to see it. But about what is cried out by players it is necessary to tell.
Initially All Blacks executed to Haque “ KA mat “ more precisely its part narrating about wonderful rescue of the soldier from enemies, happened thanks to the Sun. I will give two key, in my opinion, fragments of this khaki:
Ka mate, ka mate! ka ora! ka ora!
of Whiti te ra!
is a death, it is death! (or: I will die) It is life! It is life! (or: I will live)
the Sun shines!
At first Maori, having reconciled to a bitter fate, is going to meet adequately the death, but in a moment joyfully realizes that they will survive and cries out gratitude to god of the Sun.
In addition to this, thought up hundreds years ago by the leader Rauparakhi, All Blacks accepted new Kapa o - Pango (“ absolutely black “ in translation), created specially under them, for combined New Zealand on rugby. In it it is told not about former feats of Maori, and about modern: about desire of athletes to win victories, protecting honor of the country. Eloquently says one of gestures about what New Zealanders are going to do with the opponent new khaki: the movement of a palm cutting a throat.
Pre-game execution khaki by players of New Zealand became an integral part of world rugby. Aggressive dances became property of world sports culture. Some national teams, such as Fiji or Samoa, execute the dances in reply to All Blacks. And who knows, can in the future the direction fashionable today will become indispensable attribute of any sports competitions. In any case descendants of Maori in every possible way promote it, participating in the advertizing companies and spreading rugby.