How to teach the child it is correct to say the English sounds?
Unfortunately, within the school program the attention is almost not paid to phonetics. As a rule, school students of the senior classes not bad speak in English, but their pronunciation only bears a faint resemblance to modern English. It is almost impossible to correct a pronunciation at such age therefore it is necessary to go in for phonetics of training at the beginning.
In recent years English begins to be learned already at elementary school when children still kept interest in educational process and with pleasure listen to amusing stories and fairy tales. If you think up several interesting stories about the English sounds, the lesson will pass more interestingly, and history will for a long time be remembered to the child.
I will give several examples of the description of an articulation of the English sounds. Concrete recommendations of statement of sounds, but without difficult terms are presented to them. Each of examples represents small phonetic exercise.
Cake with candles
Let the child will imagine festive cake with candles. Ask it “ to extinguish candles “ on a sound [p]. This sound is said with aspiration. When performing this exercise give to the child a small sheet of paper. Ask the child to bring a leaf close to the person and to say a sound [p]. If to say a sound rather vigorously, having quickly closed and having opened lips, the leaflet has to deviate. The leaf deviation corner at a pronunciation of this sound testifies to that, how well this exercise is carried out by the child.
As breathes a doggie?
Suggest the child to represent a doggie which hot. In this case the child will put a language tip on the lower teeth. Try to say a sound in such situation. the Cunning little mouse
Ask the child to present to
how the little little mouse on tiptoe is quietly stolen on the room where the cat sleeps, trying not to wake her [t t t]. Let the kid will show how the little mouse goes, saying a sound [t]. This exercise is suitable also for work in group. It is possible to diversify it, having asked someone from children to represent the woken-up cat when she runs for a little mouse. Also the teacher can play a role of a cat. When performing this exercise also use a sheet of paper.
the Girl ached
At statement of a sound [k] we tell the child a small story: “ Once the little girl walked on the street. Suddenly the rain went. It had no umbrella. They ran home on pools and wet legs. In the evening it began cough - [k k k] “.
we Throw pebbles
Suggest the child to represent as it throws pebbles to the small river. Pebbles will fall in water, making at the same time a sound [b ]. Geese
with the kid geese, having asked it to present how geese began to clap wings and [g] cried.
Suggest the kid to warm handles or to exhale on a pocket mirror or points [h]. If the sound is said correctly, then hands will feel heat, and glasses will mist over. You watch that at the child almost silent English sound [h] turned out and there was no additional sound characteristic of Russian [x] when in a mouth the back part of language nestles on a soft palate.
Let the kid will close lips and will say [m] as if he saw something very tasty [mmm]. Bugs Suggest kids to show
how bugs when fly buzz or creep in a grass [dz].
of the Flyto
Is similar to exercise about bugs, the child is offered to represent hum of flies [zzz]. Crying
At a pronunciation of a sound [w] ask the child to remember
how the baby cries. When performing this exercise the child will say sounds “ ua “.
we Blow off balls
Suggest children to imagine balloons which come out air [ssss]. Wind
to the child as wind behind a window howls in the winter. Ask it to represent it a sound [u: u:].
On reception at the doctor
Let the child will imagine a situation in which he visits the doctor and shows it a neck. That the doctor well examined a throat, the child needs to say a sound [a:].
The listed above exercises are not obligatory, nevertheless they considerably facilitate work of the teacher of initial and middle classes.