Rus Articles Journal

Which of composers did not live up to an international recognition, tired out criticism?

on October 25, 1838, 150 years ago, in Paris, in a family of the teacher of singing Bizet was born the son who on customs of that time was called is very elaborate - Aleksander Cesar Leopold. However, the priest who christened the baby after some time managed to dissuade the boy`s parents from a threefold name, and christened it as Georges.

Very creative situation reigned in the house. Little Georges began to play a piano very much early, and, it very much liked this occupation so the kid carried out lion`s part of day behind a musical instrument, almost without knowing that in the world, besides music, there are occupations more interesting, for example, outdoor games...

The diligence multiplied by born talent yielded the fruits already soon. In seven years prophesied to the musical child prodigy the brilliant future, in nine - almost all were sure that they young talent without problems will admit to the Parisian conservatory. This solemn event took place in two weeks before Georges was ten years old!

In private with a piano

However, it did not confuse at all that some students are twice more senior than it. In musical business it is far more important what sounds and as masterly the performer can take from the tool. With it is that at the ingenious child no problems were absolute. Besides such outstanding masters of composition of that time as Zimmerman, Galevi and Gounod very willingly worked with it. Each of them dreamed that Georges will take the best, and it turned out: thanks to so versatile teachers, Bizet turned into the composer with a big palette of skills. He was confused at all by neither style of composition, nor its volume, it varied shades with extraordinary skill.

Such talented child prodigy could not but be noticed - he was invited willingly to act on many competitions where it steadily appeared among the best and deserved many honorary rewards. But the most important that else before it was 19 years old, he became the author of the symphony to a major and the one-act operetta Doctor Mirakl .

Italians were so struck with creativity of the young Frenchman that suggested it to spend some time in the Eternal city. Three years` stay of the brilliant pianist in Rome gave it a powerful creative impulse. It with great feeling grabbed writing of operettas, but, unfortunately, brought not all to the logical end. Over 20 unfinished works of this genre begun, but which are given up by Georges are known. The first staged the opera Seekers of pearls . It occurred when to the composer also 25 years were not executed...

For life it was not adapted

By then George`s mother went to a better world, and here it turned out that Bizet - younger is not adapted for practical life at all. The composer insufficiently well knew people, was trustful as the child and as did not get used to refuse to itself anything, soon it turned out that he hardly - hardly makes ends meet. Poor Bizet was not, but that more - it is less tolerable to exist, he had to earn additionally in musical publishing houses, carrying out orders which, on the one hand, there was an uncountable quantity, and with another - not everyone they answered its composer tastes...

Very few people know that in 1864 Georges Bizet wrote the opera on Russian subject . It was devoted to the Russian history of the 16th century and was called Ivan the Terrible . And that is even more surprising - the opera lay on the regiment almost a century it was also put only in 1946, but not in the Soviet Union in general and in Moscow in particular as it was possible to think, and in the lock Myuringen, in Wurtemberg. Obviously, at once after the end of World War II Germans tried to understand mysterious Russian soul...

The wife - the real rescue

meanwhile, to the composer was 30 years, and he suddenly understood that farther to remain to one not absolutely correctly. The person who would order his life is very necessary, cared for it, helping with everything. Fortunately, such person was - the daughter of his old teacher Galevi who was called Genevieve. The teacher was not alive for a long time (he died in 1862), but with his daughter George was a sign long ago. As showed further events - the marriage appeared in time in time, the wife became that a support, that pier where the composer found peace of mind, especially in such restless time. The matter is that on July 19, 1870 flashed free - Prussian war, and the authorities did not think up anything the best how to call Georges Bizet in national guard...

There was a revolution a bit later. In Paris it was very restless, risen Communards not to all were loyal, but Genevieve showed purely female practicality also here, preserving the husband against any shocks...

Often in their house there was Genevieve`s cousin - Ludovic Guelevi. It together with the friend Melyak specialized on writing of the libretto to operettas. Once he offered the brother-in-law of the libretto, written based on Prosper Merimee`s short story Carmen . Within two years Georges Bizet who liked the libretto worked on opera music. It turned out wonderfully well. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky one of the first appreciated this remarkable creation: Bizet`s opera - a masterpiece, one of those few things who are fated to reflect in themselves in the strongest degree musical aspirations of the whole era. Years through ten Carmen will be the most popular opera in the world...

Critics were up in arms against Bizet

Unfortunately, words were told by Tchaikovsky much later the tragic events which took place in 1875. The premiere of the opera took place on March 3, and already next day in some Parisian newspapers of the author accused of immorality. The heroine of the opera was called harmful maid with obscene songs. In a word, against Bizet the most real persecution began.

First he seemingly stoically transferred this blow, here only heart began to play pranks (and it in 36 years!) . There were days, and attacks did not stop. And even news that the opera will be staged in Vienna of George not really - that encouraged. Exactly in three months after the Parisian premiere Bizet had an extensive heart attack. They lived with Genevieve in several kilometers from the French capital. The doctor who was called for the help needed only to verify death...

And in October, in Vienna, the opera made deafening success. Bizet did not live up to triumph less than four months...