How cultivated a cat?
“ Pussycats - pussycats - pussycats... “ - we to ourselves call up the beloved Barsik (Murzik, Murka, the Gun etc.) . Already it is heard “ meow “ and on silent pads the fluffy lump with the tail extended by a string and smart moustaches - antennas runs up to us.
“ Meow! “ - and it already settled down on a lap, having included an internal motor and screwing up eyes from pleasure that at it is scratched behind an ear. “ Meow! “ - sounds at the refrigerator - and we know that it is necessary to take a pan and to pour there a milk. We understand each other without words. We feel each other. But so was not always...
Cats, as well as other pets, not always were house and tamed. Once they were wild and did not live in close contact with the person. As it occurred?
At the moment all historical data indicate that for the first time the cat came into the house to the person and there were there in Ancient Egypt, about 5000 years BC. Egyptians esteemed her for the embodiment of the goddess of night Bastet and did it honors with what they did not award simple people. After death of cats often embalmed what tells a huge number of the found mummies about. For murder of a cat under the law of that time the death penalty relied.
How exactly there was a domestication, is definitely not established. But it is obvious that to people habits were well-known, the way of feeding and character of ancient wild cats - lived they always nearby. And the domestication of animals at first had purely functional, practical character.
The domination of the rodents spoiling a harvest was also a problem, and thanks to what finally now we have an opportunity to hear “ Meow “ at home. Egyptians needed protection against rats and mice, cats needed to hunt. It is unknown how many passed time while cats managed to prove as useful animals, and to people to gain the confidence of them, but this moment came. And cats learned the price of human gratitude.
They were idolized, their began to esteem, fell in love with them and let in the house. It is more and more and more often before a moustached muzzle the pan with milk was put, it is less and less often than mice it was necessary to catch. All communication of the person and an animal became stronger and steadier.
Cats got to Europe thanks to Romans approximately in the 1st century AD. They took Egypt and were fascinated by fluffy small animals, so favourite in this mysterious country. However, how could be differently? Unless they could resist against that thin charm which is possessed by a cat?! Here and Europe did not resist and the whole world.
By the way, judging by the found mummies, drawings and sculptures which remained to us in heritage from ancient Egyptians, the modern cat not strongly differs from the ancient progenitress. And, apparently, not only externally. Character - all same independent, proud as if not in heat the house she was born and lives but only yesterday came out of the wood and Bastet really is behind her cunning muzzle.
It is difficult to present the modern house without little graceful small animal with so unpredictable character, silent gait and centuries-old secret in eyes now...
Well, and now call “ Pussycats - pussycats - pussycats! “... Also glance in green, mysterious eyes of the cat. What you in them see?