How to repair a ceiling?
One of the most frequent objects of repair indoors are a ceiling. Moreover, most often to it there is what we call unsuccessful repair. Through wall-paper yellowness appears, ceiling wall-paper is jarred on, paint turns yellow, whitewashing falls off.
For this reason it is just necessary to do repair of a ceiling correctly and with use of suitable materials. In this article it is told about repair of a ceiling without special delicacy, but these ways are most often used when finishing ceilings indoors.
Repair is carried out in several steps. The first that needs to be made, is to remove an old covering . For this purpose it is possible to wash away whitewashing water, and at first to impregnate a water emulsion with iodine solution, and then to remove it mechanically (the puncher, a scraper).
However now there were new removers, work with which as much as possible simplifies removal of any old paint. Such removers are made, for example, by the German firm “ Pufas “ there are analogs and at our producers. Removers are applied on a ceiling by means of the roller or a brush and in 20 - 30 minutes are removed together with paint. Everything occurs very quickly and easily.
The following stage of work are gruntovo - spackling works . Before their carrying out it is worth looking as far as your ceiling is horizontal, and during their performance to try to level it as much as possible. The easiest to make it by means of a plumb, having measured distance from ceiling corners to a floor.
For a start it is necessary to close up all seams in overlappings as the ceiling covering exactly there is most often damaged. For this purpose it is possible to use either cement mortar, or construction bandage (serpyanka). Just cover with cement mortar, and stick with a serpyanka by means of the PVA glue divorced water open seams (rust) between walls and a ceiling.
Further we make, actually, a primer and hard putty for final preparation of a ceiling for the finishing finishing. At first we put a primer. It has to impregnate concrete that nothing from it poured and that the most important to level a surface.
The primers suitable for these purposes, now great variety. Primers of the German firms - producers, for example " are considered as reliable primers; Pufas “ (The Tiffing - LF soil, the Versatile person Tiffin - LH soil). Before application look at the instruction and strictly implement its recommendations.
After full drying of a primer we apply hard putty for creation of ideally plain surface of a ceiling. We dissolve hard putty with water and we put in 2 - 3 layers (depending on roughnesses of a ceiling). In order that there were no cracks, to yet not dried out hard putty it is possible to paste either a gauze, or a serpyanka which will serve as the reinforcing grid for the following layer.
The last layer is put with fine-grained hard putty which will hide the latest defects of a surface of a ceiling (on this layer the gauze and a serpyanka should not be glued). After full drying of hard putty it is necessary “ to proshkurit “ ceiling ordinary emery cloth.
Guarantee of ideal flatness of a ceiling - quality of hard putty. She is for internal, external and damp rooms. Good hard putties are done by Germans (" firm; Pufas “) and Finns (“ Vetonit “). There is also ours (“ " Clays;), and also Polish (“ Atlas “)
Now it is possible to put the main covering a ceiling. If you just want to paint it, then you have two options - whitewashing and painting by paints.
The simplest, but at the same time and the most troublesome in the course of performance, whitewashing of ceilings . We dissolve chalk with water, we add a little blue and forward. Whitewashing is made by a wide brush, special sprays. Here in principle and everything, but in use, this covering very quickly begins to turn yellow, crumble, disappear.
One more of ways, more modern, is painting of a ceiling . The way demands a lot of time and forces, but this much more modern and durable covering, than whitewashing. For achievement of good effect it is required to impose 2 - 3 paint coats, and on it 4 - 5 days will leave.
The most different paints will be suitable for coloring of a ceiling. It can be: water emulsion and water dispersive, acrylic, silicone, alkyd enamel and others. At the same time it is better to choose paints with an opaque shade - expands volume.
Aqueous emulsion and water dispersive ink differ only in the fact that the water emulsion everything is with great difficulty it is washed away, and the vododispersionka is not washed away in general, means water. Water dispersive paint has a number of advantages: durability, a nemarkost (does not turn yellow even from a tobacco smoke), a possibility of repeated washing. It most often is issued white.
In rooms with the increased humidity it is the best of all to use silicone paints. Yes, they are slightly dearer, but form a waterproof film, in passing tightening, thanks to the elasticity, small cracks.
One more good option of paint - alkyd enamel. Its most important shortcoming is the price. It is much higher, than on paints on a water basis. But this paint possesses more saturated “ white “ in the color also dries much quicker, than other paints.
With all these paints it is possible to experiment, trying to obtain this or that shade of color. To achieve absolutely exotic color of your ceiling, it is necessary to use the painting additives (colors). Mixing them with the main paint, it is possible to receive any shade.
It is better not to use oil paint as drying oil which is its part is absorbed in ceiling concrete and any other paint just does not keep on such surface. Therefore at repair of the ceilings painted with oil paint for coloring it is possible to use only oil paint. As the alternative can be, for example, a stretch ceiling.
Producers of good oil paints much. It is possible to allocate German (“ Feydal “ “ Pufas “ “ and others), Finnish (“ Tikkurila “ “ Vetonit “ and others), Polish, American, Turkish, there are also our worthy plants - producers. Oil paint is let out generally by our and Belarusian producers. When using this or that paint read the instruction for its application and strictly implement all recommendations.
One more, quite widespread way of a covering of a ceiling - wall-paper. Simple wall-paper will not approach, is necessary special, stronger and imprinted. The advantage of this way is that for a short period almost all minor defects and a ceiling pretty well disappear looks. Therefore this way is very much loved by builders. The shortcoming is that such wall-paper serves at most three years.
Wall-paper is coated with good wallpaper glue, then also the ceiling is coated with the same glue. The Russian wall-paper needs to allow to become impregnated with glue several minutes, and import it is possible to glue at once. Pasting is that wall-paper nestles on a ceiling and are smoothed with the rubber roller from the middle to edges. After pasting of a ceiling it is necessary to close all window leaves and doors, before full drying of wall-paper.
The Russian ceiling wall-paper most often white, and here import shine in all possible flowers. However there is wall-paper which can be painted for giving of the necessary color to them. To paint them with well water dispersive paint, and to do it it is possible several times.
What covering for a ceiling will be chosen by you - to solve to you. In this article only is described how at the minimum efforts to achieve the maximum result.