How many “ Chernobyl “ it happened near Chelyabinsk?
Among the numerous buildings of socialism urged to increase industrial power, and at the same time and the military capacity of the USSR, there was a chemical plant under the city of Chelyabinsk brought into operation in 1948. Later it was transformed to the " production association (PA); Beacon “.
As production plutonium for the Soviet atomic bomb was produced there. Creation of a nuclear board considered the sovetky management as business of the most urgent: in 1945 the American nuclear explosions thundered in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In the Soviet Union the first bomb was tested at Semipalatinsk Test Site on August 20, 1949 of
the Combine gained production steam, then not especially cared for ecological safety and health protection. Year after year in surrounding space one site behind another was exposed to radiation pollution. And as could be differently if waste of the enterprise was dumped at first to the closed lake Karachay, and then and to the Techa Small River without cleaning. For 1949 - 1952 several million curies got to water...
Without sound, flavourless, without any visible signs the trouble crept away across South Ural. Health of residents of Kyshtym, Kaslya, villages on coast of Techa and Karabolki was already undermined. Besides in 1952 on object under construction “ Beacon “ near the village of Metlino there was an accident which led to receiving by people on it and the population the district of high doses of radiation.
The number of the patients with leukemia in only one this village exceeded subsequently 70% of total number of inhabitants. The situation already then was critical, but only in 1955 people began to be moved from settlements of Asanovo, Vereshchagino, Ibragimovo, Isayevo, Metlino, Nadyrov Bridge, Nazarovo, Smolino and to take out the workers of prospecting party working in those regions.
And then burst explosion: in one of “ cans “ with radioactive waste cooling refused... It happened on September 29, 1957. According to official figures, radioactive emission made about two million curies, on informal - it is significantly more. The area of infection captured more than 23 thousand square kilometers with the total population about 270 thousand people. Also there were radionuclides from number " there; long-living “: strontium - 90, caesium - 137, isotopes of plutonium and others.
Most of all got to the villages of Berdenish, Galikayevo, Saltykovo. The part of radioactive materials (about 10 percent) as a result of explosion was thrown on height of 1 - 2 km and formed a killing cloud which within 10 hours covered with terrible rainfall the territory, having laid “ nuclear " language; on 300 - 350 km. Not only Chelyabinsk region, but also next suffered: Sverdlovsk, Tyumen.
Began to take out people from dangerous places... in a week. Evacuation continued also in 1958. Borders of a zone of an obezlyuzheniye were defined in offices, and as a result after this overdue resettlement there were places in which, on the one hand evacuation was suspended, and with another - where it and were not begun. On “ to a radioactive dump “ there were Muslyumovo, Musakayevo, Ust Bagaryak, the Tatar Karabolka, Brodokalmak, the Russian Techa and the Lower Peter and Paul Fortress.
There both in the sixtieth, and in the seventieth, and children with serious illnesses were born later, and those who endured heavy events, either died, or have serious illnesses: oncology, strong decrease in immunity. More than half a century the tragedy does not release a family.
Since 1992. The government began to allocate money for rehabilitation of the affected population and the Techa River from the state budget. But, on an attestation of eyewitnesses, further that who tried to leave, having replaced the residence, instead of the certificate of the victim with the right for privileges began to give another - voluntarily left. With loss of all compensations...
And combine, speak, works still...