How many people crushed in Toulon during a meeting of the Russian squadron?
on October 13, 1893, 115 years ago, the French city of Toulon reminded a big ant hill, especially in the seaside part. Thousands of people rushed on the embankment to testify the respect to the unusual phenomenon. But it was no arrival of Martians or emergence some mega - entertainment stars of the end of the 19th century. Everything appeared simply - to Toulon there arrived with reciprocal visit the Russian squadron.
One good turn deserves another?
Two years before, from July 23 to August 7, 1891, to Kronstadt there arrived the peace French armored squadron. In its structure there were latest battleships Marengo and Marceau ordered a squadron counter - the admiral A. Gervais. She was solemnly met by the Russian government, the tsar Alexander III together with the spouse visited the French seamen then the sovereign personally sent the telegram to the French president in which he recognized sympathy, binding France with Russia. In honor of officers of a squadron it was dined official at which there was also an emperor.
Besides the St. Petersburg public which to Kronstadt was delivered by several steamships accorded to French smart welcome. When Gervais and the accompanying his faces descended on pier, enthusiastic shouts Vive la France! and Vive les marins francais! merged in the general rumble. Fifty girls brought delegations bouquets. The exulting crowd threw flowers under legs arrived, and those went to the city on a live carpet.
The French seamen remembered this warm meeting well, and therefore practically all France prepared for reciprocal visit. Still before the Russian ships seemed in the water area of Toulon, practically each inhabitant knew that he orders the Russian squadron counter - the admiral F. K. Avelan, and is in its structure, except other ships, the steam armored cruiser Memory of Azov .
Short memory? on the arrival of Russians general madnesses began
A. As if there was no Sevastopol the middle of the same 19th century when for Easter in April, 1855 on the besieged city 541 tools fired, and their general volley weighed 12 tons. In ten days of firing allies let out over 168 thousand shells on the city. Easter firing cost to residents of Sevastopol 6 thousand the killed and wounded. And the leading role at allies was played by French, at the same time the general E. Zh. Pelisye was a supporter of resolute actions and personally insisted on powerful storm
It is known that in the Sevastopol defense in the most dangerous place - on the fourth bastion which was mercilessly fired by enemy artillery, spent several months 27 - the summer officer Lev Tolstoy who described severe prose of war practically at once, having created defense sketches Sevastopol in December (1855), Sevastopol in May (1855) and Sevastopol in August, 1855 (1856).
And unlike inhabitants he very much negatively estimated grandiosity and hot explanations in love in France. He could not forgive the fact that the people had such short memory - the described events took place less than in forty years after defense of Sevastopol. Several days later after grand welcome in Toulon Lev Nikolaevich gets to the work on the article Christianity and patriotism . Just while the Russian and French newspapers, choking with delight, described celebrations
the Forerunner of Khodynka? to
However, in newspapers words it was not told about a chudovishchnoydavka which occurred in Toulon. According to the same Lev Tolstoy only in the first day several tens people died, and hundreds were wounded. In some measure, not in full of course, the Toulon accident repeated less than a year later when on May 18, 1894: on the Hodynsky field there was a crush when the people gathered on the occasion of Nicholas II`s crowning. That bloody morning 1389 people were to death crushed, and about 1300 sustained injuries. Why these two events are connected? As in Toulon death of several tens people did not stop celebrations, and after Khodynka: hardly managed to take away bodies of the dead as there arrived the brass band for continuation of festivals. And the imperial ball was not cancelled too
In France visit of the Russian squadron turned into madness. Here excerpts from several local newspapers: Now there will hardly be one woman in Paris who would not change the duties for satisfaction of desire of any Russian seaman, and all this passed unnoticed as something that and has to be The Russian sailor Seeming absolutely healthy, after the two-week contemplation of everything made around it - in the middle of the day jumped off from the ship in the sea and floated, shouting: Vif la Frans! When it was pulled out and asked why it he made, he answered that he pledged to become swollen in honor of France a ship " circle;.
Besides, it was reported about the woman who with shout Vif la Russia it was dumped from the bridge and
Sturgeon on - Moldavian drowned ...
Lev Tolstoy was very revolted that Not to mention all millions of the working days spent for these festivals, on the general alcoholism all participating encouraged by all authorities without speaking about senselessness of the delivered speeches, the most mad and cruel affairs were made, and nobody paid attention to them .
And all savoured newspapers and savoured stories that having arrived to France, the Russian seamen throughout two weeks passed since a holiday to a holiday and in the middle or upon termination of any festival of a fir-tree, drank and spoke. And data on where and that they ate and saw in a sereda, both where and that on Friday and that was told at the same time, on telegraph was reported to all Russia. Here only one list of dishes: mousse from the Parisian lobsters, cutting on - bearnsk, pheasants and la Perigor, truffles champagne salad, a game on - Toulouse, fruit on - Toulon, pineapple ice cream. In other case the newspaper softly scolded organizers of a lunch for the fact that the menu was poor: soup Lebanese and Saint - zhermenskiya, a zephyr of Nantyua, boiled sturgeon on - Moldavian, brisket from a young deer
Lev Tolstoy`s Article was not issued in Russia in the same year. It was for the first time published in English in Daily Chronicle in June, 1894, in German two months later in Berlin, and here in Russian only next year moreover in Geneva. And in Russia it long time was under a ban, and among the forbidden Tolstoy`s articles ( Do not kill The Letter to liberals The Letter to the sergeant-major and others) it was printed in 1906 with the separate brochure in " publishing house; " Updating;. The publisher N. E. Felten was brought to judicial responsibility for the edition of these brochures.
But big picture of a brush of the artist Alexey Bogolyubov Arrival of the Russian squadron in Toulon (1893), written by request of the emperor Alexander III who rested in 1894 and offered it in the Parisian officer meeting, in wildlife areas did not become dusty. Its copy, by the way, is in the Imperial palace
the Artist, unlike the writer, represented everything how is Who appeared
the rights? It is rather a Tolstoy! Because in 27 years from former friendship and delight there is no trace left also. French appeared in the Russian Black Sea ports again. But it is already other history...