Rus Articles Journal

Christopher Marlo - the interrupted flight or life behind a mask of?

at the end of the 19th century the scientist Thomas Mendenkholl invented the method allowing to establish the author of this or that work and decided to apply it to Shakespeare`s texts, having compared them to texts of his contemporaries. As a result of the researches he found full structural similarity of texts of Shakespeare and Christopher Marlo.

Who is he such, this Christopher Marlo ?

Now even in England his name remembers only a narrow circle of fans. And meanwhile, he was the most great innovator in the English literature who prepared a way to Shakespeare. To it on the English scene there was neither original tragedy, nor the historical chronicle, nor a blank verse. Shakespeare`s plays are full of quotes from Marlo`s works while he ignored all other contemporaries.

Marlo was born in Canterbury in 1564, as well as Shakespeare. His father was a bashmachnik, but it did not prevent Christopher to be admitted in 15 years to Royal school where accepted only children from notable families, or especially gifted. In a year he got the grant which allowed it to become the student of Cambridge. At university he studied divinity, translated Ovidiya and wrote the first tragedy Didona from which fragment narrating about a tragic fate of Gekuby will be read subsequently by the actor from Hamlet .

Having graduated from the university, Marlo refuses scientific career and with the head is dipped into the world of the London theater. Its play Tamerlan created a furor, having brought it glory of the leading playwright. He becomes the person in literary and aristocratic salons, battles on duels and gets to prison, gets a great number of friends and enemies, the most dangerous of whom - the cruel obscurantist John Vitzhift, the archbishop Kenterberiysky. He did not forgive Marlo neither change to divinity for the sake of theater, nor freethinking speeches - according to contemporaries, Marlo appreciated freedom of speech above life .

And freedom of speech in England choked under oppression of the most severe censorship. The archbishop who gained trust and love of the aging queen achieved an absolute power over minds - he samolichno read all plays before allowing them to appear on a scene or in the press. Suspected of heresy or disrespect to religion the terrible Star chamber which contemporaries compared to inquisition torture chambers waited. Because, according to Vitzhift: So ugly bodies " have to accompany Ugly thoughts;.

Hundreds of people were executed, tortured to death, flung in prison or sent to exile. In 1593 Marlo`s turn came. In London plague epidemic began, and the bishop declared that plague - God`s punishment for heresies and blasphemy. It gave to it a reason for a new wave of searches and arrests.

Marlo interested the bishop also because he was a member of group of scientists, mystics and philosophers School of night rejecting official religion and studying secret knowledge. The bishop dreamed to reach this group long ago, but many participants belonged to the highest aristocracy therefore he needed good reasons. Arrest and Marlo`s interrogation could give it the necessary information.

On May 20, 1593 Marlo was arrested on a charge of heresy and blasphemy. However business did not reach neither a consequence, nor to court - on the same day it was bailed by the first minister lord Barli.

Why the minister acted this way?

The matter is that Marlo was not only the scientist and the writer. At university he became the agent of the English intelligence. He coped with this work so well that he deserved gratitude of the queen. The first minister was him boss more than once helping out the agent in difficult situations. Besides he hated the archbishop with all the heart and tried to fight against it as he could.

So, on May 20 Marlo was released.

Perhaps, everything would manage - Barli would ship Marlo in a long trip outward until everything settles. However on May 26 in its office looked down the denunciation written by the former friend and the colleague, and nowadays the worst enemy Marlo Richard Bains in whom that accused Marlo of blasphemy, reading atheistic lectures, the underground edition of blasphemous books, production of a false coin of money and sinful love to boys. The denunciation came to an end in words: And I consider that the mouth of such dangerous person should be shut .

Against it even the first minister was powerless. Now nothing could rescue Marlo from tortures and execution. Barli could not hide a denunciation from the queen. It could only detain him for several days. So it also arrived. The denunciation fell into the queen`s hands only on June 2, and in strongly edited look.

What followed it? Anything. Because on May 30, according to the official version, Marlo died in a drunk fight. The documents connected with his death were hastily requested by the queen and are hidden from public till 1925 when they were found by the student - the historian Lesley Hotson.

These documents were extremely curious.

Marlo`s contemporaries were sure that he died in a tavern. From the protocol, however, it became clear that it was no more than official legend.

Where there was a murder? Marlo`s

died (if he indeed died) in the luxurious private hotel belonging to the respectable and notable widow Eleonor Bull, lord Barli`s relative. This house served also as office of the rich company trading with Russia and getting huge profits. The Barli providing its monopoly, and the owner of a shipyard and the captain - Anthony Marlo, the native uncle of Christopher was the head of the company.

How events developed? to

In the protocol it is told that Marlo and three more persons came in the morning to the house Mrs. Bull, spent together day, peacefully talking, and ordered a dinner in the evening. During a dinner there was a dispute to whom to pay the bill, quarrel began - and Marlo lying on a bed jumped, rushed on the opponent behind, snatched out at it a knife and put it several wounds. That tried to be protected, pushed Marlo under a hand, and Christopher unintentionally hit himself in an eye and so that died on the spot. The investigator recognized it as murder at self-defense, and Marlo was buried in a common grave on the same day.

Who participated in it?

the Murderer, Ingram Frezer is a servant of the best friend and the patron Marlo Thomas Uolsingema who not only did not expel him from service for murder of the friend, but even raised to it a salary and made the managing director. The second participant - his close friend. The third - the colleague Marlo is an agent Robert Pauly who at that time as obliges should have been in the Hague, expecting letters of extreme importance. For what purpose he left a post for the sake of binge on which his colleague was killed, gave evidence to the investigation and returned back, remained a riddle. In the report he wrote that he all this time was on service of Her Majesty.

Whether there was a wound deadly?

Scientists - physicians came to a conclusion that it is impossible to kill the person as it is described in the protocol, the heavy axe is for this purpose necessary. Marlo could lose at worst an eye, but not die moreover instantly in any way.

How Elizabeth arrived?

She ordered to the investigator to find Frezer not guilty and requested documents to herself, having hidden them from public eyes. Why Elizabeth showed such interest in an ordinary drunk fight?

How Marlo was buried?

Marlo had parents, brothers, sisters and a huge number of friends. However nobody took care of burying him properly and to put on its grave a cross and the plate with a name - that day, later. His parents did not come to take away the son`s body. His uncle who was at the moment of death of the nephew in the same city had to sail to Russia on May 25, but for some reason was late till June 1. It sailed next day after death of the nephew, on the eve of a consequence and a funeral, without having informed the brother on death of the son (it is interesting whether it took away onboard the excess passenger?). The place of burial of the one whom contemporaries called the greatest mind of England remains to unknown to this day.

And in two weeks on a poem " cover; Venus and Adonis for the first time there was a name William Shakespeare ...