How to vaccinate dogs? Part 1
it is easier to warn, than to treat … Thanks to active vaccination present graduates of veterinary HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS practically did not see a chumka (especially those who work in the city, but not in rural areas where treat vaccination much more simply). Rage too practically does not occur among domestic dogs though wild animals (foxes, badgers, rats) and stray dogs perish from it rather often.
It is necessary to vaccinate all dogs , even those who on plans of owners will never leave the apartment or the house. In - the first, the dog can incidentally jump out on the street; in - the second, to you guests at whom there lives a dog walking on the street at home can come; in - the third, you will not sterilize footwear and clothes before communication with a dog; and in - the fourth, can be required by you where - nibud to take out a dog, and without mark about vaccination it can be made only smuggling.
Not vaccinated dogs are not allowed to participation in exhibitions and competitions. Besides, in due time and correctly vaccinated dogs even if will get sick (unfortunately, it happens too - vaccination does not guarantee that the dog will not get sick, but strongly reduces probability of a disease and a lethal outcome), then have a disease much easier, with the smaller number of complications and perish much less than not vaccinated.
Vaccination by the majority of types of vaccines (but not all!) begin in 2 - hmesyachny age , then through a week - a revaccination, and in 7 - 10 days you can submit a puppy for the first walk. Up to this point, if very much wants , it is possible to walk without letting a puppy or lowering only in those places where b do not have definitely
, was not and there could not be other animals - for example, on the well fenced site. But it is a little sense in such walk so it is better not to risk …
In 7 - 10 days prior to vaccination should give to a dog glistogonny. If not to get rid of worms, then immunity is not formed or formed very weak - respectively, vaccination will be senseless. All dogs have worms absolutely, them can be only more or less. If not to drive worms (not to give in time glistogonny preparations), then a puppy (and sometimes and an adult dog) can even die. But it is a subject for separate article.
Then vaccinate after change of teeth (in 6 - 7 months), then in 12 months and further - annually.
There are vaccines calculated on a triple revaccination.
The rage component also is a part of some vaccines if is not present - from rage it is necessary to impart separately. The interval between a vaccine from rage and a complex vaccine has to be not less than 30 days. Rage is desirable to impart not earlier than in a year, however new soft vaccines with a rage component which can be done already with 3 - x months are let out now.
Complications after correctly carried out vaccination are extremely rare. The veterinarian has to make the schedule of vaccination it (is desirable) which will carry out vaccination. He examines a dog, takes temperature and (ideally) takes blood test. can only vaccinate absolutely a healthy dog. At the slightest suspicions it is better to transfer vaccination.
So-called “ breakdown of a vaccine “ (that is the situation when the dog everything is gets sick with an infection from which it was imparted), unfortunately, sometimes it happens. But it is connected most often with violation of storage conditions of a vaccine, the schedule of vaccination or at vaccination of the dog who is already in the incubatory period (so happens if the dog was not examined or surveyed not carefully before introduction of a vaccine). There are still specific features of an organism, at some dogs immunity is not formed at all, but there`s nothing to be done.
The majority of vaccines enter hypodermically, an injection in the field of withers. Sometimes - intramuscularly.
It is desirable for five to use - or seven - valent vaccines (that is the vaccines causing immunity to 5 - 7 diseases). If it is more diseases - immunity will be weaker, the vaccine is less effective.
It is simple to count that it is much more difficult to treat a dog from even five diseases (and it is possible, unsuccessful), longer and more expensively, than two times a year to give to a dog glistogonny and to once visit the veterinarian. Consider still that many diseases of dogs are dangerous also to the person. So do not save on vaccination...