How to support an exotic animal in house conditions? Salamander: general information of
the Salamander in all centuries was considered as a mysterious and mystical animal as indissoluble communication with elements of fire was attributed to her. Allegedly this graceful small lizard can remain safe in naked flame and even to live in it - whether it be a flame of a fire or a muzzle of an active volcano.
Meeting a salamander on slopes of volcanoes during eruption, medieval alchemists believed that creation it is spirit and soul of fire, its embodiment, and seriously considered that the body of a salamander consists of the hardened particles of an ancient flame. Was considered also that the salamander can suddenly appear in the center, but she not only does not burn down on fire, and on the contrary - is valid even to extinguish a flame the extraordinary cold body and strange mystical dancing.
Pliny in the book “ Natural history “ speaks about it so: “ The salamander is so cold that if though will touch a flame, it immediately will go out as if would put a piece of " ice in it;.
Residents of those areas, where salamanders are found in the woods, connect a set of surprising beliefs and legends with these Amphibia, is more often than gloomy. At many people this animal personified otherworldly forces. It was perceived as a strange monster, the messenger of hell. It was one of symbols of sorcery and alchemy. So, for strengthening of effect of poisons added dried and small istolchyonny salamanders to the necessary substance.
The salamander represented in the Middle Ages in the form of a little lizard or the wingless dragon dancing among tongues of flame was as well a symbol of alchemical process of roasting. Sometimes it was represented in the form of human or dog the figure which is allegedly living in fire. Medieval theologians claimed that salamanders can live in fire and eat fire.
In the British heraldry the honourable part was assigned to a salamander: it meant bravery and courage. In Germany the salamander for some reason symbolizes a beer feast.
But communication of this legendary animal with fire nevertheless is indisputable, and the first insurance companies took a salamander the symbol because she personified safety from fire.
Natural habitats of a salamander - Eurasia, North Africa and North America where several subspecies differing from each other in length and coloring are found. In our latitudes an area of dwelling of this amphibious - Zakarpatye.
Fiery (or spotty) a salamander - beautiful and quite large (to 25 cm in length) a small lizard. This the most known to us, except for tritons, amphibious having a tail. Mostly it is overland animals, their fingers are deprived of swimming membranes and therefore in a deep reservoir, without an opportunity to be chosen, the salamander can drown.
On the land she feels rather surely. The massive, wide trunk, short, but strong paws and powerful jaws do it by the strong and prompt hunter. Salamanders hunt, throwing out, like frogs, language. But, unlike frogs and toads, they are enough not only a moving, but also motionless forage which is found by means of sense of smell.
Favourite places of these amphibians are the mountain and foothill woods where they give special preference beechen, but do not neglect and mixed, and even coniferous forests. These small lizards especially love beechen trees and the decaying beech trunks which are especially lying on the earth. They with pleasure lodge in them where even during a droughty time the high humidity favorable both for Amphibia, and for activity and their reproduction " remains; live forage “ - great number of invertebrates.
It is often possible to meet a salamander on valleys and slopes of the mountain rivers which grew with a fern and covered with the stones covered with a moss.
In a favorable season - in the summer, in the fall and in the spring - amphibians find for themselves a shelter everywhere: it both heaps of leaves, and the fallen branches, and moss kurtinka, and a hole of animals. But on wintering of a salamander get in more deeply - in holes of rodents and other underground emptiness, sometimes leaving on depth to 2 meters where sometimes accumulate even on some hundreds of individuals.
Peaceful and harmless by the nature, salamanders, nevertheless, are well armed. The main weapon of these beautiful as if the varnished small lizards, is their bright “ aggressive “ coloring. Skin color - generally black with applied on it it is bright - yellow or orange spots and strips - it is urged to affect enemies otpugivayushche. Besides salamanders can emit in case of need paralytic poison - salamandrin - and if something happens can start also this weapon capable to strike to death any animal of the small sizes, even a dog. The lethal dose of poison of a salamander Carpathian for a dog makes only 0,8 mg on 1 kg of body weight.
Poison of an animal protects, besides, his naked skin from bacterial and fungal infections. Poison of a salamander is not dangerous to the person.
It is developed salamandrin (a viscous secret of dairy color) by so-called parotitises - the skin glands located behind eyes and having an appearance of the large, extended warts.
The fiery salamander is a bright and beautiful animal - thanks to the exotic coloring is capable to decorate and recover any terrarium and to become the real decoration of a house nature corner.
In house conditions we will talk about maintenance and feeding of these Amphibia in the following article.